2 Why is alcohol considered a drug? Alcohol changes a person’s PHYSICAL & EMOTIONALstate.videoWhat classificationof drug is alcohol?ALCOHOL slows down the body systems, so it is a DEPRESSANT.
3 List 5 effects that alcohol has on the body: Irritates the mouth, throat, esophagus & stomachMakes the heart work harderMakes the body lose heatCauses the liver to work harderCauses dehydration
4 Define INTOXICATION:Not having the normal use of mental faculties by reason of the introduction of alcohol into the body.When does the process ofINTOXICATION begin?With the firstdrink of alcohol, itbegins to affectyour brain.
5 WHAT ARE INHIBITIONS? Inhibitions keep us in control of our emotions and actions.Inhibitions go away when you are drinking, so you don’t have much control over your emotions or actions.You may do or say thingswhen drinking that younormally wouldn’t do.
6 WHAT IS BAC?Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. It is measured in percentages.For instance, having a BAC of 0.10 percent means that a person has 1 part alcohol per 1,000 parts blood in the body.
11 MALES FEMALES What is binge drinking ? Drinking 5 or more drinks ina two hour period.For girls 4 or more drinks ina two hour periodWhy is binge drinking dangerous?A person can drink a fatal amount of alcohol before the effects set in.video
13 Ex Austin High studentDies of alcohol poisoningvideo
14 What is a Hangover?Unpleasant physical effects following the heavy use of alcohol.You get a hangover because the ethanol in the drink caused increased urine production, leading to dehydration. Dehydration causes headaches, fatigue, and dry mouth.Alcohol also irritates the stomach lining, which can lead to nausea.
16 What long-term effects might alcohol have on the liver? Hepatitisinflammation of liverCirrhosisScarring of the liverLiver cancer**VIDEOvideo
17 What long-term effects might alcohol have on the brain? *Memory Loss*Brain Damage*Kills Brain Cells*Shrinks the Brain
18 FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER? What isFETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER?Alcohol use during pregnancy can lead to FASD. Because the brain and central nervous system are developing throughout the entire pregnancy, alcohol can adversely affect the fetus at any time.
19 What long-term effects might alcohol have on a fetus? Long-term effects might cause “hidden” birth defectson a fetus.The brain on the left is a brain without pre-natal alcohol exposure.The brain on the right is an infant’s brain that had pre-natal exposure to alcohol.
20 HOW DOES ALCOHOLISM BEGIN? ExperimentationList the 4 stages of developing alcoholism:Problem DrinkingToleranceDependenceAlcoholism
21 What are some of the risk factors for becoming an alcoholic? Age – teens that start drinking before 15 are more likely to become alcoholics than those who wait to 21Social Environment – peer pressure, advertisingGenetics – 25% of males with an alcoholic parent become alcoholics. Teens with nonalcoholic parents have a 7-9% chance of becoming alcoholics.Risk-Taking Personality – impulsive, novelty, enjoy taking risks
22 List some of the ways a family can be affected by alcoholism: Unpredictable behaviorFinancial problemsViolence/abuseNeglect & IsolationCodependencyIgnoring one’s own needEnablingProtecting the alcoholic
26 How are the skills needed for driving impaired by alcohol? The #1 cause of death among teenagers is motor vehicle accidents.A majority of these accidents are alcohol related.How are the skills needed for driving impaired by alcohol?slows reaction timeaffects your visionmakes you drowsyreduces your coordinationaffects your judgmentvideo
27 What is the difference between DWI and DUI?DWI = Driving While IntoxicatedNot having normal use of mental or physical faculties.Having alcohol concentration of .08 or more.Officer must prove impairment.DUI = Driving Under the InfluenceIf you are under the age of 21, it is illegal to have any detectable amount of alcohol in your system.The officer doesn’t need to prove that the minor is impaired, only that he/she consumed alcohol.If the minor is impaired, he/she would becharged with a DWI.
28 MIP = Minor In Possession What is an MIP?MIP = Minor In PossessionAn MIP means that a person under the age of 21 years has been issued a citation for being illegally in possession, ownership, or control of an alcoholic beverage.Minors are at risk of an MIP citation at a party, at a nightclub, or while riding in a vehicle when alcohol is present.A minor can be in the proximity of alcohol which belongs to another person, but cannot touch, hold, transport, attempt to purchase, consume, or have any contact with alcohol.
29 How can drinking affect your future? JAIL – going to jail/probation will go on your record and could make it difficult to get a job or get into collegeSEXUAL ACTIVITY –alcohol can cause you to make poor decisions. Unprotected sex can lead to STD’s and pregnancy.DIVING –38% of all drownings are related to alcohol useTEEN BRAINS –alcohol affects development of the brain. The changes that alcohol causes in young brains increases the risk of alcoholism.FASD- alcohol causes permanentdamage to your child’s brain.