Presentation on theme: " Def: Philosophy – pursuit of wisdom; the search for an understanding of values and reality through observation and analysis; basic beliefs."— Presentation transcript:
Def: Philosophy – pursuit of wisdom; the search for an understanding of values and reality through observation and analysis; basic beliefs
SOCRATESPLATO 469-399 B.C. Focus: arete = goodness What is goodness? What causes good? What causes bad? Thinking became known as ethics Never wrote, only discussed ideas Upset politicians = executed Thought he didn’t believe in the Gods Socratic Method: technique of question & definition 429-347 B.C. Student of Socrates Wrote Apology defending Socrates Started Academy (school) Government run by “philosophy” – pursuit of goodness Theory of Ideals Ideal version of everything Try to become ideal version through philosophy
ARISTOTLEQUESTION 384-322 B.C. Plato’s student @ Academy Did not believe in ideals People can reach goodness by power of mind (nous) Tutored Alexander the Great Lyceum – school of science & literature Influenced how we study the world Use of logic to understand the world Why were Philosophers considered dangerous by politicians and other government leaders?
Philosophers question everything in order to understand the world. Try to be a philosopher by giving a definition to 3 of the following questions: What is goodness? What is knowledge? What is love? What is truth? What is courage? What is virtue? Steps 1. Give yourself one name to go by. 2. Write an introduction for yourself and why philosophy is important – critical to society. 3. Write a paragraph explaining three of the questions. 4. Then pick one defining sentence (quote) for each question (Ex: Love is _____)