3 Leading events! William, Duke of Normandy, led an invasion on England. He defeated the English King and crowned himself the king.
4 Conflict for the CrownEdward the II, king of England, Married Isabella of France.She was the daughter of the King of France.Thus, when the two produced an heir, the child had Legitimate claims to both the Throne of England, and the Throne of France.
5 King Edward The ThirdBorn to Edward II and Isabella, he was able to hlaim ties as both the King of England, and King of France.And that is exactly what he did.The French weren’t happy that the ruler of England, who is supposed to swear fealty to France, would try to take the French throne.
6 The Edwardian War 1337-1360 England France Kingdom of England Low Germanic StatesEdward IIIEdward, The Black PrinceKingdom of FranceKingdom of ScotlandJohn II of FranceDavid II (Scotland)
7 Major Edwardian Victories (1346) Battle of Crecy- Edward landed in Normandy with 10,000 men; The French attack while they were resting but the English come out victorious.(1356) Edward, the Black Prince, raids France, and captures John II, he then demands an enormous ransom for the King, and for a temporary peace.
8 The Treaty of BretignyJohn's son Louis I, Duc d'Anjou, was sent to the English as a hostage on John's behalf. He escaped in 1362, and John II gave himself up instead. He died in captivityCharles V succeeded him as king of France.Charles then struck up a peace with the English.
9 Treaty of Bretigny (cont.) The Treaty of Brétigny had made Edward renounce his claim to the French crown.At the same time it greatly expanded his territory in Aquitaine and confirmed his conquest of Calais.In reality, Edward never renounced his claim to the French crown,Charles made a point of retaking Edward's new territory as soon as he ascended to the throne.
10 Caroline WarIn 1369, on the pretext that Edward III had failed to observe the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny, Charles declared war once again.French Refused to be drawn into open Battle, and fought small skirmishes with the English
11 Caroline cont.In the Battle of La Rochelle in 1373, the French regained control of the English Channel in an enormous naval battle
12 Lancastrian WarIn 1415, the Battle of Agincourt was a huge victory for the English as, although outnumbered 3:1, they held off the French and continued their march to CalaisThe Siege of Orleans in occurred when Thomas de Montacute and his soldiers try to take Orleans, the largest fortified area of France; it allows Charles VII to officially take the throne
13 Joan of arcJoan of Arc unites the French and stops the siege of Orleans, but is later captured and burned to death as a witch, for wearing male clothingShe was only 19 years oldShe is considered a Roman Catholic Saint and is a national French heroine
14 Results of the warThe French hold off the England and the English is not allowed in France, except for the northern tip of Calais, which was their main portEngland was more hesitant to battle with France because there was a decreasing amount of national interest in the conflict; England lost a lot of money and it deeply affected their economy
15 Calais The red-highlighted region of northern France The English could remain in this region
16 The end of the middle ages New weapons changed the war tactics and technology changed due to the demand of warThe use of the longbow changed military views from cavalry-heavy to a more passive longbow styleIt awakened the French National and they transitioned from a feudal monarchy to a centralized state