Presentation on theme: "8 TH GRADE ENGLISH. What is a pronoun? A PRONOUN is a word that is used IN PLACE of a NOUN or another PRONOUN. The word a pronoun replaces is called."— Presentation transcript:
What is a pronoun? A PRONOUN is a word that is used IN PLACE of a NOUN or another PRONOUN. The word a pronoun replaces is called the ANTECEDENT Maria was lost. She didn’t panic. Maria = antecedent She = pronoun She checked the flashlight. It still worked. Flashlight = antecedent It = pronoun
What is a pronoun? PERSONAL PRONOUNS: SUBJECTOBJECTPOSSESSIVE Singular First person Second person Third person I You He, she it Me You Him, her, it My, mine Your, yours His, her, hers its Plural First Person Second Person Third Person We You They Us You Them Our, ours Your, yours Their, theirs
What is a pronoun? Pause the video. Number your paper from 1-5. List the personal pronoun(s) in each sentence. 1. Hannah Nyla is known for her tacking expertise. 2. She has found many lost hikers before they got into real trouble. 3. She wrote a book called Point Last Seen. 4. She learned some of her skills in the Mojave and Kalahari deserts. 5. Other experts remind us to plan ahead for danger.
Possessive Pronouns A POSSESSIVE PRONOUN is a personal pronoun used to show OWNERSHIP OR RELATIONSHIP Do not confuse possessive pronouns with contractions. SINGULARPLURAL My, mineOur, ours Your, yours Her, hers, his, itsTheir, theirs
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns A pronoun that ends in SELF OR SELVES is either a REFLEXIVE or INTENSIVE pronoun MyselfYourselfHerself, himself, itself OurselvesYourselvesthemselves
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Pause the video. Number your paper from 1-5. Write the reflexive or intensive pronoun in each sentence. 1. Ben Carson considered himself the dumbest kid in class. 2. His mother was raising Ben and his brother herself. 3. When she saw his report card, she decided that she herself would give him extra homework assignments. 4. She also told her sons to limit themselves to only two TV shows a week. 5. Ben outdid himself.
Interrogatives and Demonstratives INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS are used to introduce a QUESTION. WHO, WHOM, WHAT, WHICH, AND WHOSE Who used up all the water? Whose cup is this?
Interrogatives and Demonstratives Use WHO as a subject or a predicate pronoun. Who called the power company? (subject) The electrician is who? (predicate pronoun) Use WHOM as an object. Whom did you call? (direct object) You gave whom my number? (indirect object) To whom did you speak? (Object of a preposition)
Interrogatives and Demonstratives A DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN points out a person, place, thing, or idea. THIS, THAT, THESE, THOSE THAT is a circuit breaker. THIS is our emergency shelter. THOSE are electrical appliances. THESE are bottles of water Never use here or there with a demonstrative pronoun.
Interrogatives and Demonstratives Pause the video. Choose the correct word in parentheses. Identify it as an interrogative or demonstrative. 1. (What, Whose) would you do if a natural disaster struck close to home? 2. (That, Those) is a good question. 3. (These, That) is a situation in which you might not have access to water, food, or electronics. 4. To (who, whom) should you turn to for advice? 5. The Federal Emergency Management Agency has a plan. (This, That) is its most important advice: store lots of clean water ahead of time.
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement The ANTECEDENT is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces or refers to. The antecedent can be in the same sentence or a different sentence. AGREEMENT IN NUMBER: Use a SINGULAR pronoun for a SINGULAR antecedent and a PLURAL pronoun for a PLURAL antecedent Hopi culture, in all its forms, is alive and well. Culture is the antecedent, its is the pronoun. Both are singular. Traditional members keep cattle on their farms. Members is the antecedent, there is the pronoun. Both are plural.
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement AGREEMENT IN PERSON: The pronoun must agree in PERSON with the ANTECEDENT We like to listen to our grandparents’ stories. We and our are both in the first person. Visitors realize you can learn from other cultures. Visitors is third person BUT you is second person. They do not agree. Correct: Visitors realize they can learn from other cultures. (visitors and they are third person)
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement AGREEMENT IN GENDER: The gender of the pronoun must be the SAME as the gender of the antecedent Derrick Davis performs his hoop dances. (Both Derrick Davis and his are masculine) Each dancer has his or her favorite moves. (the dancer could be a male or female) The dancers have their favorite moves. (dancers and theirs are both plural pronouns that do not specify a gender)
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement POP QUIZ TOMORROW
Pronoun Problems WE AND US WITH NOUNS: Use WE when the pronoun is a subject or a predicate pronoun and use US when the pronoun is an object. We humans don’t always appreciate trees. Drop the identifying noun to test – We don’t always appreciate trees. Trees can feed and shelter us humans. Again, drop the identifying noun – Trees can feed and shelter us.
Pronoun Problems UNCLEAR REFERNCE: Sometimes it is unclear as to which noun a pronoun refers to. For example: Sara and Anne want to become tree farmers. She works after school at an orchard. (Who works at the orchard, Sarah or Anne?) Clarify: Sarah and Anne want to become tree farmers. Anne works after school at an orchard. (A pronoun is not useful in this sentence)
Pronoun Problems USING PRONOUNS IN COMPOUNDS: Use the subject pronoun I, she, he, we or they in a compound subject or with a predicated noun or pronoun. Greg and she decided to learn more about Sacajawea. (To see which pronoun is correct, get rid of the other subject or predicate. She decided to learn more about Sacajawea.) Use the object pronoun me, her, him, us, or them in a compound object. Her story has always fascinated Polly and me. (Again, use the same test. Her story has always fascinated me.)
Pronoun Problems PHRASES THAT INTEREFERE: Sometimes a group of words comes between the noun a pronoun that refers to it. Get rid of the extra words to choose a correct pronoun. Sacajawea, who guided Lewis and Clark, never lost her way. To test, Sacajawea never lost her way. Sacajawea and her match. About 40 men started up the Missouri River on their voyage. To test, About 40 men started on their voyage. Men and their match.
Pronoun Problems Pause the video. Write the correct word for each sentence. 1. Everyone likes to think that (he or she, they) will leave a mark on the world. 2. What did all of those experts finally agree on? (He or she, They) put nineteen items in the capsule. 3. For decades, (we, us) carpenters used the wood from chestnut trees to build houses. 4. Chestnuts were a nutritious food for both (we, us) country dwellers and wildlife. 5. Meriwether Lewis is a favorite topic for Polly and (me, I). 6. In 1803, President Jefferson sent (he, him) and William Clark to explore thousands of miles of wilderness. 7. Lewis and Clark met Sacajawea, a young Shoshone woman, in 1804; (they, she) hired her as a guide.