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The Importance of a Good Credit Score and How to Read a Credit Report

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1 The Importance of a Good Credit Score and How to Read a Credit Report
Credit history The Importance of a Good Credit Score and How to Read a Credit Report

2 What is a credit report? A record of an individual’s personal credit history. An indicator of the applicant’s character and … …whether he or she will repay borrowed money as agreed. Ability to qualify for a loan depends on a credit report.

3 What is a credit report? When someone applies for a loan, the lender will order a credit report to see how well the applicant has managed credit in the past. A credit report will tell, in detail, how much the person has borrowed, from whom, and whether the bills have been paid on time.

4 Who compiles credit reports?
Credit reports are compiled by credit bureaus, which regularly collect information on millions of consumers. Credit bureaus get information from a variety of sources, including stores, credit card companies, banks, mortgage companies, and medical providers.

5 What Are Lenders Looking For?
Lenders look for certain qualities in loan applicants. These qualities are called the 3 Cs of Credit: Capacity Character and Collateral

6 Capacity Capacity refers to the loan applicant’s ability to repay the debt in question. The basic question is “Have you been working regularly in an occupation that is likely to provide enough income to support your use of credit?” Examples: Do you have a steady job? What is your salary? How reliable is your income Do you have other sources of income? How many other loan payments do you have? What are your current debts? Do you pay alimony or child support? Can you afford your lifestyle?

7 Character Questions will be asked to determine whether you are honest and reliable—thus likely to pay debts. Examples: Have you used credit before? Do you pay your bills on time? Do you have a good credit report? Can you provide character references? How long have you lived at your present address? How long have you been at your present job?

8 Collateral (What’s the root?)
Collateral refers to assets that could be sold to pay off your loan in the event that you could not do so. Collateral serves as a type of insurance for the creditor. Examples: Do you have a checking account? Do you have a savings account? Do you own any stocks or bonds? Do you have any valuable collections of jewelry? Do you own your own home? Do you own a car? Do you own a boat?

9 FICO Scores Credit bureaus summarize all information into one credit score. Developed by the Fair Isaac Corporation Referred to as FICO scores Scores range from (median 723) People with lower scores are more likely to be denied credit or charged higher interest rates (600 or less) People with 640 or more will qualify for fairly good rates People with scores 770 or higher will receive the best rates for loans

10 How Scores Are Calculated
Payment history (35%) Amounts owed (30%) Length of credit history (15%) Types of credit (10%) New credit and inquiries (10%)

11 Good and Bad Credit Scores
A good rating on a credit report means that, in the past, bills have been paid on time. A poor rating indicates overdue payments or bills that have gone unpaid (delinquency)

12 FICO Scores FICO Score % of Borrowers Delinquency Rates Up to 499 2%
87% 500 to 549 5% 71% 550 to 599 8% 51% 600 to 649 12% 31% 650 to 699 15% 700 to 749 18% 750 to 799 27% 800+ 13% 1%

13 Importance of a Good Credit Rating
It is extremely important to build and maintain a good credit history. A good credit report can often make the difference between getting a loan or being turned down. In addition, potential employers and landlords will often check an applicant’s credit report before making a final decision about offering a job or renting out an apartment.

14 Ways to Establish Good Credit
Open a checking and savings account. Always pay your bills on time. Don’t apply for too many credit cards. Never borrow more than you can pay back. Borrow only the amount you need. Know how much you owe at all times. Contacts lenders immediately if you have payment problems. Develop good saving habits so you can handle financial emergencies without borrowing. Report lost or stolen credit cards immediately. Never give your credit card or personal information over the phone or Internet unless YOU initiated the transaction.

15 What if a credit report contain errors?
Mistakes can and do sometimes occur on credit reports. For example, a credit report may contain information about a different person with the same name as the applicant, or paid accounts may be listed incorrectly as unpaid. The law provides individuals with a means of requesting and reviewing their credit reports and having mistakes corrected.

16 How Government Is Involved
Under the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act you have the right to get a free copy of your credit report from each credit bureau annually. The official site established by the three credit reporting agencies for free reports is The Fair Credit Reporting Act allows you to receive a free copy of your credit report if you are turned down for credit or are a victim of identity theft.

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