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”Peace Engineering in the 21 st Century: A New Curriculum” Alex Lightman Chief Technology Officer Fortune Nest Corporation ISTEC General Assembly Porto.

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Presentation on theme: "”Peace Engineering in the 21 st Century: A New Curriculum” Alex Lightman Chief Technology Officer Fortune Nest Corporation ISTEC General Assembly Porto."— Presentation transcript:

1 ”Peace Engineering in the 21 st Century: A New Curriculum” Alex Lightman Chief Technology Officer Fortune Nest Corporation ISTEC General Assembly Porto Alegre, Brazil 19 May 2011

2 The Greatest Engineering Challenge Doctors use a four step process. Observation. Diagnosis. Prognosis. Prescription. We can use a similar process for innovation: Observation. Challenge. Forecast. Idea/Innovation. Observation: Humans spend about $US 2 trillion on the global military- industrial complex. In the 21 st century we are likely to see a number of peaks: peak population, peak oil, peak natural gas, peak uranium, peak carbon. Challenge: Come up with a problem or challenge that is so awesome and compelling that it gets people, companies, and governments to be eager to join forces to meet and overcome the challenge. Forecast: Without this, the rich countries will go bankrupt, reducing the chance for big developing countries to achieve their full potential.

3 Fortune Nest At Fortune Nest Corporation (FNC), we believe in the power of science, technology and innovation. Such powers will create New Economies that will transform societies by empowering them to gain full benefits of participation in the civilization of the 21 st century.

4 The Big Idea: Peace Engineering Peace Engineering Financial Engineering Social Engineering Cultural Engineering Infrastructure Engineering Future Engineering Peace Engineering: The creation, integration, and replication of civilization scale modular functions that will cause the redeployment of capital, technology, information, and expertise away from applications that are limited to war and security, and towards dual-use and civilian applications. Defining, designing, developing, deploying, and debugging new and novel applications of science, technology, organization, and narrative to engage groups into ever greater challenges that will require ever greater cooperation to rise to successful resolution of the challenge.

5 The Big Idea: Civilization Innovation Gandi: “Consider the poorest person you know, and ask whether your next action will make any difference to that person.” My big question: What’s the single greatest way to improve the world? My big answer no. 1: Connect all seven billion people with wireless broadband Internet and let anyone buy, sell, borrow, loan, swap, learn, teach, talk with anyone anywhere, anytime. My big answer no. 2: Improve wireless broadband Internet so that the marginal cost falls toward zero, and the poor get the whole Internet almost for free. Deconstructing/Reverse Engineering to achieve the objectives: Accelerate the deployment of 4G wireless broadband by defining it. Base it on an all-IP, end-to-end architecture (IPv6), that allows use of new and novel spectrum, air interfaces, and more.

6 The Big Idea: 4G as Peace Engineering Why 4G? Because 4G is a global challenge. The entire world can participate in the creation of new and novel 4G infrastructure, and is the opposite of spending money to What next? I came up with 20 technologies necessary to make 4G wireless broadband a reality. The one that did not look as though it would happen in time was IPv6. This was the “limiting factor”, so I focused in IPv6 for five years. What else? Wrote the first book on 4G, Brave New Unwired World: The Digital Big and the Infinite Internet (John Wiley, 2002); organized 4G and IPv6 conferences and days 15 times, in US, EU, Asia; What results? Received The Economist “Readers Award”: 4G as “innovation most likely to radically impact entire world” 2011 to 2020; 4G is first G to be in both unlicensed band as well as licensed band. Billions in funding for 4G. What lessons? ISTEC should support the creation of Peace Engineering curriculum, based on the creation, integration and replication of challenges that will lead directly to universal wireless broadband as the first of 100 new infrastructures that will be affordable and available to all humanity.

7 "Wireless Communications in the 21st Century: The next generation wireless infrastructure required to achieve Peace Engineering” Kamil Agi, Ph.D. President-CEO K&A Wireless, LLC ISTEC General Assembly Porto Alegre, Brazil 19 May 2011

8 K&A - Current Enabling Technologies Wireless – Analog video transmission systems for first responders (market leader) – MY-View short range (<3 ft) (patent pending) – EYE-View hybrid wireless/IP video transmission systems Collaborative decision making, force multiplier, exchange of information Image Processing – CLIR-View patented suite of algorithms that includes NUC, electronic image stabilization, tracking and resolution enhancement capability Cost effective, wireless, shutter-less, stabilized, high resolution thermal imagers IP-based video and distribution solutions CAP-View personal DVR system, PPL-View video-based security systems

9 K&A - Key Focus Areas Rapid infrastructure deployment - Portable IP-based infrastructure solutions Compression/recognition algorithm - Video, video, video Wireless technologies (multi-user/multi-access) - Cognitive radio schemes

10 Current Infrastructure Devices Companies Industry Trends Industry Trends

11 Vodafone is a Global Company * Terry Kramer – Presentation at Haas School of Business, Nov 2010

12 A Changing Industry Network Devices Services First SMS sent 1992 2G GSM 1991 1990 First ‘flip phone’ Pre-paid SIM cards launched 1996 1997 First tri- band handsets 2003 First 3G phones 2005 Enhanced 3G 3G 2001 1999 Mobile Web trials begin 2008 Apple App store 2009 Ultra-Low Cost Handsets 1990 Voice 2010 Data 2007 2009 4G Trials 2002 2009 First GSM phones 1992 First smart phone with camera 2002 2008 2007 2010 Device Bifurcation Smartphone Proliferation 2010 1984 First cellular phones 1991 1983 1G * Terry Kramer – Presentation at Haas School of Business, Nov 2010

13 Emerging Market Trends Public Policy Changing Customer Behaviors Fundamental change to information access and commerce Drive for access anytime/anywhere Impact of social media 85% of population increase by 2025 1 in 3 <18 years old in India 95% penetration rates by 2013 64% of 4B+ mobile subscribers Non-traditional competition (e.g. Apple, Google) Growing fixed/mobile convergence Internet Competition Customer conservatism Individuality Control & Security Emergence of “Digital Natives” (6-19 year olds) Data privacy Net neutrality Spectrum awards What’s happening in the world Telecom Industry * Terry Kramer – Presentation at Haas School of Business, Nov 2010

14 Defining Peace Engineering Defining, designing, developing, deploying, and debugging new and novel applications of science, technology, organization, and narrative to engage groups into ever greater challenges that will require ever greater cooperation to rise to successful resolution of the challenge.

15 Peace Engineering Concept GIVE A PERSON ACCESS TO ENOUGH INFORMATION TO KEEP HIM FOCUSED

16 Peace Engineering Needs Instant access to information (i.e. Internet) High bandwidth (>20mbps) 4G IPv6 Ubiquitous coverage Ubiquitous availability of service (including BoP efforts)

17 Peace Engineering Issues Current telecom infrastructure (3G vs. 4G)– insufficient Current bandwidths – marginal (at best) Current technology (CDMA, HSDPA, UMTS, etc.) - ??? WHAT DO WE NEED? NEW INFRASTRUCTURE, NEW BUSINESS MODEL, NEW TECHNOLOGY

18 Next Generation Wireless KEY FACTORS TO SUCCESS Policy Capabilit y Investment

19 Policy – OSTP* …In 2011, the President (Obama) announced the National Wireless Initiative, noting that "we can't expect tomorrow's economy to take root using yesterday's infrastructure…” *Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)

20 In the United States and beyond… Policy 2010 - President Obama initiates “wireless innovation” Capability 2011 NSF gets commissioned to carry out the initiative – EARS Program Investment Budget approved for $14M for EARS Budget approved for $3B over 5 year for Wireless Innovation Working with Fortune Nest Corporation* Focus on Middle East Focus on China *http://www.fortunenest.com/

21 NSF EARS Program A component of the initiative is the Wireless Innovation Fund, which will be used in part to support basic research that helps pave the way for new technologies. EARS and the research that it supports embody this facet of the President's initiative...

22 What is EARS? ENHANCED ACCESS TO RADIO SPECTRUM Two parts to the investment Basic Research (University, R&D centers, Companies) Multi-disciplinary R&D (more “R”) and Science Commercialization Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) University/Industry collaboration Industry leads to commercialize basic research To transition to Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program Dr. Andrew Clegg, EARS Program Director, telephone: (703)292-4892, email: aclegg@nsf.gov

23 Proposed Topics for EARS Security of wireless systems Reconfigurable wireless platforms, including cognitive radio, software-defined radio, adaptive antennas Spectral efficiency (“instantaneous” such as mitigation of unwanted emissions, interference cancellation, filter technology), “system-wide,” such as dynamic spectrum access. Special-purpose wireless systems, such as medical devices, environmental surveillance, remote sensing, passive systems Legacy: Backwards and forwards interoperability Wireless system tests, measurements, and validation Economic models for spectrum resource sharing

24 Next Steps Replicate model in emerging markets Emerging markets now have the opportunity to leapfrog technology – become a leader Human capital exchange is the ISTEC model Work on carving up the problem, build clusters of expertise Collaboration Must be established through policy, capability and investment THIS IS A VERY BIG PROBLEM!

25 Summary/Questions/Opinions What do we need? New wireless infrastructure, business models, technology needed to support Peace Engineering initiative and curriculum – the solution is not in one place How do we get it? Shift in existing communication infrastructure will require investment and partnerships on a global scale – this is not easy to do, manage, or even execute – need talent What are the challenges – harmonization? Imagine no roaming, instant access, coverage everywhere Standard vs. open source Paid service vs. free service

26 Contact Information Kamil Agi, PhD 2617 Juan Tabo Blvd NE Albuquerque, NM 87112 Toll Free: 888.536.5207 x 705 Phone: 505.338.2380 x 705 Fax: 505.338.2382 kagi@ka-wireless.com www.ka-wireless.com


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