Page 3 What We Will Discuss Today Credit Credit Score Credit Cards Building a Spending Plan Budgeting
Page 4 Credit __ Annual Fee a) A company that gathers information on consumers who use credit. __ Annual Percentageb) A document issued by an independent credit Rate (APR)agency that contains information concerning a loan applicant’s credit history and current credit standing. __ Credit Bureau c) An amount a credit card company charges a credit card holder to use the card for a year. __ Credit Reportd) A rating system that indicates a person’s creditworthiness based on a number of criteria. __ Credit Scoree) The total amount of money borrowed not including interest of service charges. __ Principalf) A measurement used to compare different loans which takes into account the loan’s interest rate, term, and fees.
Page 5 Credit DISCUSSION: Answer question 1 and question 2 OR 3 1.What is credit? 2.What are the benefits of having credit? 3.What are the risks of having credit?
Page 6 Credit Credit is the ability to BORROW money. Benefits: Easier to rent an apartment/purchase a home Get a lower interest rate from lenders Financial flexibility – you can buy now and pay later Risks: Easy to overspend You can hurt your credit score/history if you can’t make payments With bad credit, it can be hard to get a loan or a good interest rate in the future
Page 7 Credit How can you start to build good credit? Good Credit Signs Paying at least the minimum balance Paying on time Making all payments Staying within your credit limit Bad Credit Signs Paying less than the minimum balance Paying late Missing payments Exceeding your credit limit What are signs of bad credit? Establishing credit is important for borrowing money later. No credit is not the same as good credit!
Page 8 Credit How do lenders decide whether to lend you money? 5 C’s of Credit: 1. Character 2. Capacity 3. Capital 4. Collateral 5. Conditions
Page 9 Credit Score Having good/bad credit affects your ability to: Get a credit card Purchase/rent a home or apartment Get a lower interest rate from lenders Borrow money A credit score numerically indicates how strong your credit is.
Page 10 Credit Score Credit Score: A number between 300-900 that indicates your creditworthiness. The higher the number, the stronger your score. Points are earned based on factors like your payment history, the length of your credit history, and account balances.
Page 11 Credit Report What is a credit report? A document issued by an independent credit agency that contains information concerning a loan applicant’s credit history and current credit standing. How are credit reports like report cards?
Page 12 Credit Cards Credit cards allow you to purchase something TODAY and pay it off over time. Credit cards are not the same as debit cards Credit CardsDebit Cards PaymentPay LaterPay NOW Interest Charges Yes, if there is a remaining balance No Pros Potential to get freebies / points Prevent major debt ConsAdditional feesFees if you overdraw
Page 13 Credit Cards Before getting a credit card, shop around. Know: Are there annual fees or other regular charges? What is the credit limit? What is the interest rate? Is it fixed or variable? What is the APR? ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATE: Measurement that takes into account the interest rate, term, and fees Are there benefits to getting this card (points, freebies, etc)?
Page 14 Credit Cards Original Balance APR Monthly Payments Number of Monthly Payments Term (Years) Total Amount Paid $100018%Minimum877 $1,516 $100018% Minimum + $25 262 $1,187 $100018%Minimum +50161$1,119 Pay as much of the balance as possible to reduce the term and amount of interest paid
Page 16 Credit Cards Credit Card Tips: Use cash or debit cards to daily expenses Know how you are going to pay for your credit card purchases before you start spending Get a card with low interest and pay as much of the balance as possible Pay on time Don’t spend more than you have. Stay within your budget. Don’t exceed your credit limit Others?
Page 17 Spending Plans / Budgeting What should you pay FIRST to make your monthly income last?
Page 18 Spending Plans / Budgeting Pay your monthly bills Set aside money you’ll need for your weekly and day-to-day expenses Put money into savings Set aside money for larger expenses If you can begin to earn more, increase the amount you save as much as you can Set aside money for your major future goals
Page 19 Spending Plans / Budgeting Breakout: What is a Spending Plan?