4 Geography The climate, resources, and physical features of an area “Geo” means earth“Graphia” means a way of drawing, writing, or describing
5 ---Five Themes of Geography--- when geographers study an area, what questions do they ask? Place—what is it like?Interaction---how do people use and impact the environment?Movement---how do people relate to people in other areas?Region—what common characteristics does a certain area share?Location---where is it?RelativeAbsolute
6 Theme #1: Place—What is it like? What is East Hampton like? Beautiful ocean and bay beachesFarm fieldsSmall villagesPeople come to vacationCrowded in the summerQuiet in the winter
7 Theme #2: Interaction: how do people use and interact with the environment? Pave roadsClear forestsBuild houses on farm fieldsBuild jetties on beaches
8 Theme #3: Movement: How do people relate people in other areas? Tourists!!!Second home owners!!!!Traffic!!!!Crowded beaches!!!!Prosperous businessesValuable real estateLots of jobs
9 Theme #4: Region: What common characteristics does a certain area share? What region do we belong to?Cold wintersWarm summersLots of coastlineModerate rainfall
10 . . . 5. Location: where are you? RELATIVE(location described by referring to the location of something else)For example, “I am sitting next to John “ (Psst what if John moves? How can I find you?)ABSOLUTE(location which can be pin pointed regardless of the location of anything else)To pin point location, use LATITUDE and LONGITUDE
11 Use your imagination. . . Latitude imaginary lines which circle the globe from east towest
12 The EQUATORThe EQUATOR is 0 degrees latitude and divides the earth into the northern and southern hemispheres (halves)All latitude lines above the equator are north latitude and those below the equator are south latitude
13 Can I find you? Put your finger on 30 degrees north latitude. Where are you?
15 You need to know Longitude and the Prime Meridian Longitude—imaginary lines which circle the globe from north to southThe Prime Meridian is 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheresAll lines of longitude east of the P.M. are east longitude and all lines west of the P.M. are west longitude
16 Can I find you?Put your finger somewhere on 165 degrees EAST longitude.Where are you?Put your finger somewhere on 165 degrees WEST longitude.
17 You need to put latitude and longitude together. . . Where are you if you are on 30 degrees north latitude and . . .120 east longitude?Where are you?China
18 You need to put latitude and longitude together. . . Where are you if you are on 30 degrees north latitude and . . .east longitude?IRAN
19 Now let’s put latitude and longitude together. . . Where are you if you are on 30 degrees north latitude and . . .west longitude?New Orleans, La.
20 Now let’s put latitude and longitude together. . . Where are you if you are on 30 degrees north latitude and . . .degrees west longitude?Pacific Ocean
21 How do I read a map? Read the key Identify the symbols Make sure you are “going” in the right directionFind the compass rose and read it clockwiseRemember Never Eat Sour Watermelons
22 On your world map, label the following: Compass Rose7 continents4 oceansEquator (0 degrees latitude)Tropic of CancerTropic of CapricornPrime Meridian (0 degrees longitude)
23 Types of Maps Political Maps--- Physical Maps--- Show man made features such as boundaries, cities, capitalsPhysical Maps---Show physical features such as mountains, lakes, and riversIf I’m planning a hiking trip, which map do I want to use?If I want to find the capital of Louisiana what type of map do I use?