Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 – Elements and Themes of Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1 – Elements and Themes of Geography Spring 2015
2 Geography: Defining the Discipline What is geography?What topics do geographers study?What makes geography different from other disciplines?
3 Geography: Defining the Discipline Geographia (Greek origins)Geo (earth) + graphein (to describe or write)To write or describe the surface of the earthThe study of the spatial arrangement and association among elements on and/or in contact with the earth’s surfaceExplaining the “big picture”
4 Geography: Defining the Discipline Three defining questions…What is located where?Why are things located where they are?What is the significance?What: Geographic reference base2) Why: interaction between places near and far, understand the decision making or physical process, landscape modification, involves spatial analysis3) Significance: population clusters and movement, disease transmission, environmental degradation, etc., disaster risk
5 What is Physical Geography? Write 2 sentences about what YOU think physical geography is…You have 3 minutes
6 GeographyThe study of the physical and human landscapes of Earth and the interaction between the twoPhysical Geography – the study of Earth’s physical featuresHuman (Cultural) Geography – the study of human activities and their relationship to the cultural and physical environmentsGeographers specialize on the interaction between humans and the Earth
7 Physical EnvironmentConsists of physical features that occur naturally4 Major ComponentsWaterNatural VegetationLandforms and rocksWeather and Climate
8 Exploring Geography The world is usually described in spatial terms Spatial relations- refer to the links that places and people have to one another because of their locationYou could use the terms-Absolute locationRelative location
9 I. Absolute LocationAbsolute location - The exact spot at which the place is found on the globeTo determine absolute location, geographers use imaginary lines around the earthWhat lines are they?
10 Imaginary LinesEquator – divides the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheresPrime Meridian – divides the earth into Eastern and Western hemispheres (Greenwich, England)Latitude – degrees north or south of the equator (0-90°)Latitude = aroundLongitude – degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian (0-180°)Longitude = over
11 Equator Prime Meridian In which hemispheres do you live?
12 Grid SystemGrid System - Used to identify absolute location of any place on EarthMeasured in degrees and directionWhat lines are measured with degrees?How is direction measured?
14 Compass Rose Activity Do you know how to tell direction? In your notebook write down the saying you know in order to find out directionDo not share your answer with anyoneNever Eat Soggy Waffles
15 World Map Activity Each person needs a blank world map Locate the following –North PoleSouth PoleEquatorEastern HemisphereWestern HemispherePrime MeridianNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereTropic of CancerTropic of CapricornDraw your Compass Rose and identify degrees
17 Grid System Activity You will have a partner Latitude is measured 0-90° North or SouthLongitude is measured 0-180° West or EastWhen plotting it goes latitude then longitude Ex: (5°N, 125°)Locate the following absolute locations(15°S, 60°W) – Point A(28°S, 125°E) – Point B(35°N, 130°E) – Point C
19 Determining DistanceTo determine distance add/subtract values N/S from each other and E/W from each other. Remember the Prime Meridian and the Equator.What is the distance in absolute location from each of the following points:Point A to Point BPoint B to Point CPoint C to Point APoint A to Point C
20 II. Relative LocationRelative location - location of a place in relation to other placesThis is usually how we determine locationCampbell High School is located about five miles from the Big Chicken.Identify 5 different places using relative location
21 III. Places Place – a particular space with physical and human meaning Every place has its own unique characteristics, determined by the surrounding environment and the people who live thereWhat is the most important place to you in the world and why?
22 IV. RegionsRegion – a group of places united by similar characteristicsMay be physical such as soil type, vegetation and climateOr by human factors such as language, religion, forms of government, etcName 5 regions that you already know