Presentation on theme: "Contemporary Architectural Pioneer and Modernist of the Century"— Presentation transcript:
1 Contemporary Architectural Pioneer and Modernist of the Century Frank Lloyd WrightContemporary Architectural Pioneer and Modernist of the CenturyBy Frankie
2 Why I Chose This Topic Interest in modern and minimalist architecture Styles and designs are often overlooked
3 Architecture before the 1900s Incorporated historical styles and developed new materials and structural methodsStyles: Gothic, Victorian, Colonial Revival, Neoclassical (grand facades/very ostentatious), Queen Anne (ornate with large exteriors), and Vernacular (generic and plain cottages)
4 Building methods: layout and foundation, organic materials, and duration of construction Industrialization ---> shift from highly ornate to more minimalistic
5 Rise of skyscrapersResidential homes and professional buildings evolved to meet clientele desiresSocial status, location, cost, and taste
6 Biography Born on July 8, 1867 in Wisconsin Wright's parents influenced his creativity and growing mindFroebel blocks and classical music
7 "Homes and professional buildings included geometric shapes throughout the whole design along with lines that emphasized melodic beauty."
8 Began course study at Wisconsin State University ---> lack of funds later sent Wright to Chicago Began to work for Chicago architect Louis SullivanOpened his personal work studio in 1894
9 Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio Oak Park, Illinois
10 StyleWright became known for his unconventional and geometric style of architectureUniversal philosophy: "Form follows function"Proposed by Louis SullivanEmphasized the shape of a building based on its intended function
11 Wright believed otherwise... "Proceed, persist, [and] create, according to the nature of man and his circumstances as they both change"Architecture would evolve to meet the demands of man and time
12 Organic ArchitectureRevolved around nature and the unity between a building site and epochIncluded open spaces, and absence of basement and attic, and "the destruction of the boxy shape"
13 ca. 1911 - 1996 Taliesin East Iowa County, Wisconsin Fallingwater Mill Run, PennsylvaniaTaliesin WestScottsdale, ArizonaMassaro HouseLake Mahopac, New York
14 "[Organic architecture was the] reinterpretation of nature's principles as they had been filtered through the intelligent minds of men and women who could then build forms which are more natural than nature itself."
15 Prairie School Architecture Based on the vast and open areas of the Midwest prairiesIncluded low roofs, rows of windows, foundations composed of organic materials, and lines that gradually blended into the environment
16 ca. 1903-1908 Darwin Martin House Buffalo, New York Frederick C. Robie HouseHyde Park, IllinoisLarkin Administration BuildingBuffalo, New YorkUnity TempleOak Park, Illinois
17 Modern ArchitectureAt the end of the 20th century, industrialization was a leading power in society and global advancementStyles: structuralism (structure over function), formalism, Bauhaus (simplicity), international, brutalism (violent imagery), and minimalismNotable features: simplistic ornamentation, factory produced parts, organic materials, functionalism, and the rejection of conventional ideas (classical/traditional)
19 Post Modernism 1970 - Present Objective: surprise and amuse viewers, while at the same time displaying shapes and details in unique waysGlance into future concepts: collision of styles, vast ornamentation, an abstract and vulgar appearance, and color juxtaposition between black and white
20 Influence 1900s-presentWright is arguably the most influential out of all modern architects...Style not only paved the way for future designs in the making, but also popularized transforming techniques still used todayPsychologically large surface areas serving a multitude of functions
21 Designed and supplied purpose-built furniture Promoted the use of zinc, preset concrete blocks, and glass bricksMethods revolved around the theme of nature and its capacity to change a buildingInclusion of wide spaces, natural light through glass windows, open floor designs, and application of organic materials
22 Competition / Counterarguments Louis Sullivan, Walter Gropius, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
23 Louis SullivanOften considered the "father of modern architecture," more so than WrightInstilled much of the values and techniques Wright had popularized through his work
24 Sullivan also stressed ornamentation and coined the philosophy of "Form follows function" Wright was more central to a simplistic style and is often credited with said philosophySullivan also sought to find solutions to architecture through his modernist approach, oftentimes contradictory
25 Walter GropiusKnown for Bauhaus, but constructed a limited amount of buildings"[came] across as slightly utopian with an obsession for functional aestheticsWright surpassed Gropius in that he did not create architecture that was "good for the people" but "beautiful"
26 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Philosophy of "less is more"Rejected ornately designed exteriors and an ostentatious appearanceDid not implement organic materials into his work, like many others of the time did
27 Criticized for his contradictory ideas, imitating free open spaces and hiding modern techniques under a traditional facadeWright's designs were more timeless and cleverly incorporated wide areasImitating another architect's style was also distasteful and a lack of originality
28 ConclusionInspired contemporary architects to challenge tradition and go beyond the limits"I would like to have a free architecture. Architecture that belonged to where you see it standing-and is a grace to the landscape instead of a disgrace."The pioneers of today cannot advance without minimal help from those of yesterday