2 What is Deaf Culture?Deaf culture describes the social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values and shared institutions of communities that are affected by deafness and which use sign language as the main means of communication.
3 The DEAF History Martha's Vineyard Only Deaf Community in America FrenchSign LanguageEstablished Charles Michel De L'Eppe1760Ancient Greeks DenyDeaf Education 355 B.C.1817First American Deaf School Founded Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet & Laurent Clerc1500’sFirst Attempts atEducating the DeafPedro Ponce de Leon,a Benedictine MonkTo communicate necessary information,they develop their ownform of sign language.1755Start ofOral Education
4 The Deaf History, continued NationalDeaf-Mute College becameGallaudet College1894Gallaudet CollegeOpens Abraham Lincoln signson the only deaf college1864Phone for DeafInventedIt is called TTY.Robert Weitbrecht invented.19641968Legislation at WorkBilingual Education Act (P.L )is passed. American Sign Languageis not included because it is notrecognized as a language1880’sThe Conference of MilanEndorses Oral Education"Golden Age ofDeaf Education"American Sign Language flourishes.Approximately 40% of allteachers are Deaf1927Rise of Oralism
5 The Deaf History, continued Public Law is passed1975Program Captioning Introduced1972Deaf President NowConsider as the Revolution of the Deaf1988Cochlear Implants Approved19851987Deaf Actress, Marlee Matlin, Wins Oscar for her role in the movie, “Children of a Lesser God”1973The Rehabilitation Act of 19731978Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is passed.
6 Literacy Traditions ASL – American Sign Language ASL Storytelling tres/MoviesBooks“Go to the Hill” by Stevie Platt, deaf authorArtsChuck Baird, deaf artistGranville Redmond, deaf impressionism artist
7 Values and Beliefs Values Deaf schools over mainstreamed schools ASL over Signed Exact English/OralismDeaf Clubs/Organizations/SportsBilingual education over English only educationDeaf marriages over Deaf/Hearing marriages
8 Norms ~ Social Behaviors Eye contactExpressionTime means nothing to us (prolonged Goodbyes)ConversationsBlunt – “You gained, what happened?”Detailed – “I go store to buy pad for my period. I forgot to buy some so I use toilet paper. Then saw a friend there, she said….blah, blah, blah!.”Code switching with hearing people
9 Members of Deaf Community Deaf peopleFamily of Deaf personParents/GrandparentsSiblingsSpousesInterpretersTeachers of Deaf and Hard-of-HearingCODA (Children of Deaf Adults)
10 Technology Closed Captions Hearing Aids (Analog and Digital) VideophoneVibrating/Flashing Alarm ClocksSignaler for Doorbell/Phone/Fire/Baby CryingPhone (texting)
11 Interesting Facts Thomas Alva Edison, a hearing loss inventor. National Association of the Deaf did census of Deaf Americans; counted 13.4 million hearing and 1.8 million deaf Americans.Comparatives of cultures -
12 Resources/Links Clubs/Organizations ASL – American Sign Language Children of Deaf AdultsCODA Brothers -Children of Deaf Adults, Inc. -National Association for the Deaf -World Federation of the Deaf -ASL – American Sign LanguageTechnology
13 Work CitedLane, H., Hoffmeister, R., & Bahan, B., (1996). A Journey into the Deaf World. San Diego, CA. Dawn Sign Press.Correll, J., (2005). Inside deaf culture. Deafness & Educational International. 7(4),( )istory.html