Presentation on theme: "Punctuating Dialogue Original Presentation by: Arlene Rodríguez Adapted by: Prof. Victor M. Vázquez."— Presentation transcript:
Punctuating Dialogue Original Presentation by: Arlene Rodríguez Adapted by: Prof. Victor M. Vázquez
Rules 1.Quotation marks should go at the beginning and the end of spoken words. 2.The first letter of a quote should always be capitalized. If the quote is interrupted, by a tag line –the words that identify the speaker – (Ex. said José), the continuation is not capitalized. Example: “My family loves sushi,” said José, “but only if it has shrimp and avocado.” (Notice the commas after”sushi and José.)
Rule: However, a new sentence after the tag line should also be capitalized. Example: “We also enjoy Italian pastas,” José continued. “On the other hand, we do not care for fast foods.” (Notice the period after continued. )
Tag Lines Tag lines provide two bits of important information: 1. Who is speaking or spoke. (a noun or pronoun) 2. How they spoke ( a verb with possible modifiers). Examples: Elena responded. My brother said sadly, they yelled simultaneously. asked Raymond. Babar sang as he ascended in the balloon.
Rules (cont.) Commas and periods which are part of a quote always go before the closing quotation marks. Example: “Many fast foods have little nutritional value,” commented María, “but since they are inexpensive, many people consume them.” (Notice the comma and closing quotation marks after the word value. Also note the period and closing quotation marks after the word them.)
Once again: Keep final commas and periods inside the quotation marks. “ I do not know,” yelled Albert. Albert yelled, “I do not know.” Which one below is correct? The teacher screamed, “Everyone needs to line up at the door”. “Everyone needs to line up at the door,” the teacher screamed.
Rule: Question marks (?) and exclamation points (!) go before closing quotation marks if they are part of the quote or spoken words.
Examples: “Fred, I want you to take that new truck back to the dealership,” Mary snarled, “right now!” “No way,” Fred paused, “ that I can return it. I lost the receipt.” “What?” Mary retorted, “I can’t believe it!” Then she began to cry. (Notice the order of the exclamation point and closing quotation marks after the words right now and I can’t believe it And note the order of the question mark and closing quotation marks after the word What.
An uninterrupted speech needs quotation marks only at the beginning and the end. WHICH ONE IS CORRECT? “My mother was right. I never should have married you. You only think of yourself and I’m always the one who has to suffer.” “Oh, cry me a river.” ” I’m the one who came out on the losing end of this marriage!” “Why didn’t you listen to your mother?”
RULE: Start a new paragraph (indent) each time the speaker changes. “You can be so cruel some times!” Mary wailed. “Oh I suppose you’ll go crying to your mother now,” Fred sighed. He was sorry he hurt Mary but he felt so confused. Mary continued to sob. “At least she understands me.”
When only two people are talking you don’t have to repeat their names. “ I understand how you feel, alright?” “You do?” asked Mary. “Aw, you know I do. It’s just that sometimes I lose my head.” “So you still care about me? I was thinking this was over for us.” “Of course, I care about you, Sweetie.” “So you’ll take the truck back?” “Over my dead body!”
Quote inside of a quote Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes. Examples: Jason told us, "Danea said, ‘Let’s go to the beach.’ " Leandra laughed, “I love it when my mom announces, ‘Supper time’ ” (Notice the triple closing quotation marks after the words beach and Supper time.)
Exclamations and Questions As mentioned above, an exclamation point or question mark is placed inside the quotation marks when it punctuates the quotation. It is placed outside when it punctuates the main sentence. For example: I was surprised when he asked, “That won’t be a problem for you, will it?” Did the teacher really say, “Finish by tomorrow”? (Notice the placement of the question marks in relation to the quotation marks.)
Exclamations and Questions When using exclamation points and question marks in your dialogue be sure to properly punctuate the words following the marks. If the sentence continues and the following words are not proper nouns then you DO NOT capitalize the next word. Examples: “Did you hear Mr. Marcoux?” asked Esteban. “Watch out!” warned Margie. “No homework tonight!” Mrs. Tavárez asserted. (Notice the words asked, warned and Mrs.)
Avoid overusing the past tense verb “said” when writing dialogue. What other verbs can be used to develop written dialogue? (There are probably more than 100 verbs that could be used.) Examples: reported whispered begged mumbled enunciated
Punctuate the following sentences. 1.when will you go the hospital Nora asked Willie 2.At 9:00 he answered unless you want to go earlier 3.I need to go right now I have an emergency she yelled frantically. 4.The coach just now told us after last week’s game against Philippines Barea said about himself I am the best