Presentation on theme: "Inter-American Observatory on Security Department of Public Security Secretariat for Multidimensional Security WORKSHOP ON VICTIMIZATION SURVEY IN THE."— Presentation transcript:
Inter-American Observatory on Security Department of Public Security Secretariat for Multidimensional Security WORKSHOP ON VICTIMIZATION SURVEY IN THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN OAS Headquarters Sir Arthur Lewis Room, June 28-29, 2010 Opening presentation by Luiz Coimbra SMS/DPS Observatory Coordinator www.oas.org/dsp www.oas.org/dsp
1. OAS Project on National Public Security Observatories (Caribbean component) Beneficiary countries: OAS member countries in the Caribbean Direct Beneficiary countries: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados, Belize; Guyana; Jamaica; St. Kitts and Nevis; Trinidad and Tobago Estimated duration 27 months Estimated total amount (US $): 1,321,856.00GS OAS in kind contribution US$ $ 357,966.00 Other donors (Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program DFAIT/Canada) : US$ 1,066,710.00 Coordinating/Executing unit of the OAS: GS/OAS/ SMS Department of Public Security
Why to strength a network of National Observatories? The collection of reliable and comprehensive criminal and judicial information, including relevant data disaggregated by sex and age, is of immense importance to the countries. Statistics on crime and violence help Governments to assess and monitor the conditions, and the social impact of public expenditures and public policies. Better data and improved national capacity to collect and analise data are needed to support and enhance the international community's response to the challenges of crime. Comparable information within countries will facilitate the regional exchange of Best Practices and Lessons Learned.
How to build a network of National Observatories? 1) Helping with resources for National Observatories and its regional network 2) Strengthening hard data collection at the national level (strengthening UN CTS) 3) Conducting Victimization Surveys
Conducting Victimization Surveys in the Caribbean The main purpose of the Victimization Surveys planned by the OAS, to be implemented in the Caribbean countries, is to get comparable information in a way that facilitates the preparation and monitoring of public security policies. The OAS has a commitment with UNODC for the use of the Manual on Crime Victimization Surveys that has been developed through a joint effort of the UNODC - UNECE Task Force on crime victim surveys.
What is planned for the VS in the Caribbean? Activities: Discuss and define concepts and methodology for collecting data, information management and validation. To examine user requirements, identify internal and external stakeholder and user needs. Design and test: develop survey strategy, determining the target population; selecting the appropriate sampling frame and the sample design, including elements for international comparability Develop Questionnaire Training and selection of interviewers in each country Data collection and capture operations Process inputs (clean field data; identify and treat significant anomalies, etc) Obtain statistics: produce aggregate estimates, validate weighted data and deal with confidential data Analyze, write up key findings and explain compatibility with other results Assemble statistical products (reports, web contents, supplementary tables, etc.) and data dissemination Evaluation of the survey cycle and document improvements Projected result: Data on Crime and violence - disaggregated by sex, age, education and social situation - strengthened through the application of national crime victimization surveys (Belize; Guyana; St. Kitts and Nevis; Trinidad and Tobago)
Who can help? Strategic Partnerships Ministries of Public Security To house and staff the National Observatories, to coordinate the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (CTS) information; and to implement Crime Victimization Surveys. Statistical Institutes To conduct Victimization Surveys collection process and related training. UNODC ICVS: Methodological guidelines at the international level for the design of victimization surveys. IDBCoordinated action and projects in the Member Countries Academic Institutions Methodological and technical expertise for the application and analysis of Victimization Surveys in the Caribbean. Media and Civil Society To mobilize citizenry and divulge related information.
2. OAS Victimization Surveys Agreements To conduct a VS To share outputs of the VS To take action based on the results To repeat the VS in a regular basis To have the National Observatories as a counter part. Negotiations with 4 country governments (Belize; Guyana; St. Kitts and Nevis; Trinidad and Tobago)
Questions: Should we promote a standard questionnaire for all Caribbean countries? For the whole Western Hemisphere? It is possible to design a regional wide comparable survey without using a standard questionnaire? What if we develop a basic common questionnaire with a complementary national annex? How can we obtain comparable data from VS in a national, sub regional, regional and international level?
Comparing two questionnaires (Barbados and Jamaica, 2009) Questions on the type of Housing
Comparing two questionnaires (Barbados and Jamaica, 2009) Questions on Social Demographic information
Comparing two questionnaires (Barbados and Jamaica, 2009) Questions on Criminal Victimization
More Questions: What should we measure How to refine survey goals and objectives How to detect priorities How to include gender and age variables and how to target minorities The amount of resources needed Characteristics of the work of a National Statistics Institute How do we sell the VS to the countries How can we guarantee the correct use of the outputs What should we do after the VS How to guarantee the establishment of a regular system of VS ?