Presentation on theme: "Strategies for College Success Chapter 6 & 7"— Presentation transcript:
1 Strategies for College Success Chapter 6 & 7 Effective Note-taking and ReadingOriginal source:
2 Note taking What we’ll be covering: what to do before, during, and after classpicking out main points in a lecturethe Cornell Methodmind mapping
3 What to do before class Pick the right notebook there are numerous advantages to picking a 3-ring binderhandouts can be inserted into the relevant sectionspages of notes can be removed and replaceddividers can be used to separate sections or topics
4 What to do before class Read your textbook reading your textbook can help you to understand what is being discussed in lecture
5 What to do before class Skim the notes from the last class this will refresh your memory and focus you for the next lesson
6 What to do before class Make a commitment to attend all classes You may be getting only a partial set of notes if you copy from other students or get these on-lineNote taking is a skill and you may be copying from someone who is a poor note taker and not realize it
7 What to do during classTry to sit in the front, center portion of the classroomfewer distractionscan see and hear betterless likely to doze off
8 What to do during classYou will need to identify the visual and verbal cues given by the professor that indicate an important topic is being addressedexamples of visual cues: gesturing, writing on board, underliningexamples of verbal cues: repetition, summaries, listing
9 Identifying important points Think of three additional verbal cues that would indicate an important pointThink of three additional visual cues that would indicate an important point
10 What to do during class Use a method of note taking Use Cornell Method Create Mind maps
11 The Cornell Method Split page method of note taking Allows space for possible exam questionsAllows space for student reflections and summaryGood for self-testing
12 Practice using the Cornell Method Refer to your textbook (Chapter 6 for a sample of notes using the Cornell MethodRecopy a page of your notes using the Cornell Method
13 Mind Mapping Pictorial representation of ideas Good for visual learners, which a majority of students areShows how topics and ideas are relatedUses both sides of your brain
14 Steps to mind mappingIdentify the topic of the lecture or reading, place in the center and circle itBranch out the main ideas, each stemming from the main topicFrom each branch, mark key words and examplesDon’t be afraid to personalize it with pictures or symbols
15 Mind Mapping PracticeNote examples in book at the beginning of Chapter 7.Useful technique advancing comprehension for note-taking and reading.
16 What to do during class Identify possible exam questions Use them to self-test yourself later
17 What to do after class Review your notes within 24 hours Are they complete?Do they make sense?
18 What to do after classIdentify any questions that you may have and find the answersRe-copy or re-organize if necessary
19 SummaryClass notes will be a better study tool for you if they have the proper content (the main points of a lecture) and are organized in a way that makes sense. Try using the methods that we discussed to accomplish those two crucial aspects of note taking.
20 Reading TextbooksWhat we’ll be covering:previewingannotating
21 Why preview? improves concentration, memory, and understanding only takes 5 minutes to preview an entire chapterif you don’t have enough time to read before class, previewing may give you enough information to understand what is being discussed
22 Steps to previewing material (1) Read the chapter titleThe title announces the topic or subject. Try to remember what you already know about the topic.
23 Steps to previewing material (2) Read the introduction or first paragraphThis is a lead-in to the material and will often itemize what the chapter will cover. If it is long, read only the first 5 or 6 lines.
24 Steps to previewing material (3) Read the closing paragraph or chapter summaryThese sections are often used to draw conclusions based on the facts that have already been presented or to restate key ideas.
25 Steps to previewing material (4) Read questions or vocabulary at the end of the chapterThis section is used to test your knowledge of the material. Reading them beforehand alerts you to what is most important within the chapter.
26 Steps to previewing material (5) Read each boldface headingHeadings separate chapters into main divisions and indicate important concepts. By looking at these headings, you can detect the organization of the chapter and the general approach of the author.
27 Steps to previewing material (6) Look at any pictures, graphs, or chartsPictures, illustrations, or captions may help you clarify ideas and give direction to your thinking.
28 Why annotate?Have you ever felt that you’ve been reading for hours and can’t remember what you’ve read?annotating can keep you focusedannotations tell you WHY important points are importantSee Chapter 7 (pages ) for examples of this technique
29 Steps to Annotating Text First, preview a chapter or subunit of textNext, read one or more paragraphs. Then stop (the amount will vary, so judge according to your text’s difficulty and organization).
30 Steps to Annotating Text After reading, go back and underline the key word, phrase, or idea to which your annotation will refer.These key ideas often occur as: definitions, examples, lists, causes/effects, characteristics, similarities/differences, and names/dates.
31 Steps to Annotating Text Check your annotations to be sure that they make sense and that you are not merely copying the text into the margins.In order to be most effective, your annotations must be in your own words, except in the case of technical definitions.
32 Steps to Annotating Text If you have no annotating, you should have no underlining.
33 Steps to Annotating Text Go on to the next paragraph or section. Remember, not every section of text will have a key concept that should be annotated, but every page or section usually does.
34 Vocabulary and JargonMany fields use jargon or a specific vocabulary which you may or may not be familiar with.Use glossary in book or a dictionary.Ask!!!!
35 Primary Sources and Literature Peer-reviewed literature as in research journals can give you the latest information that you won’t find in your textbook.Reading the original source of a play, novel, short-story, historical account and other literature will give you insight that may not be available from the textbook.Read for fun to expand your general vocabulary.
36 SummaryReading your text numerous times is often not enough to insure that you have understood and retained the information covered.You must actively participate in the reading process by thinking about what you already know, identifying topics that you don’t understand and picking out important points that are likely to be on a test.