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Bill of Rights and the Amendments

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1 Bill of Rights and the Amendments
Chapter 4 Bill of Rights and the Amendments

2 Chapter 4 Vocabulary Accused Black codes Bail Censorship Civil rights
Jim Crow Libel Nonviolent resistance Petition Poll tax Probable cause Segregation Self incrimination Sit-in Slander Suffrage Warrant Accused Black codes Bail Censorship Civil rights liberties Discrimination Double Jeopardy Due Process Eminent domain Free speech Hate Crime Indictment

3 The Bill of Rights Chapter 4 Section 1 & 2

4 The Bill of Rights The founders of the United States believed that protecting individual rights and providing for the safety and well-being of citizens were important purposes of government. The Bill of Rights protects our civil liberties- the freedoms we have to think and to act w/o government interference or fear of unfair treatment. 1st Amendment Freedoms Religion Assembly Press Petition Speech

5 The Bill of Rights Freedom of Religion
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof Establishment Clause- statement in the 1st amendment that forbids the gov’t from proclaiming an official religion. Separation of Church and State- Famous phrase from a letter by Thomas Jefferson that discusses his belief in the role of between the government and religion. Freedom to Assemble -Congress shall make no law…abridging the right to people to assemble. -Must be peaceful -permits maybe required

6 The Bill of Rights Freedom of Press
Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of the press Censorship- The government cannot ban printed material or films merely because they contain alarming materials The Zenger Case Libel- Legal term for false and damaging printing statement about a person Freedom of Petition Congress shall not make no law abridging the right of the people to petition the government Gov’t not required to respond. Simply a request

7 The Bill of Rights Freedom of Speech
Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech -Regardless of content -Freedom of expression Slander- legal term for publically telling a false and damaging statement about someone clear and present danger- Ideal that one’s speech is not free if that speech could endanger the lives of the people around them. 2nd Amendment The right to bear arms. 3rd Amendment No forced housing of soldiers

8 The Bill of Rights 4th Amendment No illegal searches or seizures
-probable cause/search warrants 5th amendment SIDED Right to remain Silent Indictment- Grand jury, type of jury that determines if there is enough evidence to formally charge someone with a crime Due process- Idea that all citizens are guaranteed fair treatment by the gov’t. Eminent Domain- Power of the gov’t to take land from citizens when needed for public benefit as long as the citizen is compensated

9 The Bill of Rights Double jeopardy- one can’t be charged with the same after they have been acquitted by a jury of that same crime. 6th Amendment -speedy public trial -right to a lawyer -jury trial -informed of charges -question all witness 7th Amendment -Jury trial in all civil cases 8th Amendment -No excessive bails or fines -No cruel and unusual punishment

10 The Bill of Rights 9th Amendment
-all rights not listed are still protected 10th Amendment - all powers not given to the National Gov’t are reserved for the states

11 The Bill of Rights 1st Amendment











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