Presentation on theme: "Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise"— Presentation transcript:
1 Settler Activity: GCSE Exam Practise Study each population pyramid & answer the questions below for each graph:Describe and give reasons for the population pyramid (4 marks)Study the population pyramid shown and say which stage it is in - in the Demographic Transition Model - give reasons for your answer (3 marks).Study both population pyramids and answer the question below:3) Describe and explain the differences between the two population pyramids shownModel Answer: Question 1) Describe & give reason for the population pyramid of Somalia (4 marks)The population pyramid of Somalia has steep sides, meaning there is a high death rate (1 mark). In addition there is a wide base, which means high birth rate (1 mark). Therefore, the steep pyramid profile suggests a youthful population. The reasons for this are….? (Key Points: Stage 1 DTM Model, LEDC Country, Limited Health Care, agriculture / traditional economy & first stage of Rostow model etc.)
2 Settler Activity: Helpful Worksheet Main features:Narrow base with many women having less than two childrenWomen are marrying laterContraception is universal in countries such as BritainExcellent medical care and high standards of living mean the infant death rate is low - most children live to middle and old ageDeath rates are low and are only high in extreme old age which gives the pyramid its straight sidesOn average women can expect to live to 83 years and men to 76 yearsHigh number of elderly dependents with more females than menMain Features:The wide base indicates a high proportion of childrenLarge families reflect the low status of women, early marriages, lack of education and little family planning availableThe steep sides show that the death rate is high for both the young and adultsLife expectancy is also low with few people reaching old ageHigh death rates reflect the lack of medication, clean water and regular food suppliesPopulations are growing rapidly and in the case of Somalia are expected to double in 25 years
3 We are learning about the Rostow model because… The Rostow model is…We are learning about the Rostow model because…The 5 main stages of the model are…Learning Outcomes:To describe the main features of the Rostow model of development and relate this to the changes in population structure for a given country.To identify how the birth and death rate of a country changes as a country becomes more wealthy.
4 1) Study each population pyramid & answer the questions below for each graph: Describe and give reasons for the population pyramid (4 marks)2x1 mark available for describing the population pyramid e.g. a wide base for a high birth rate.2x1 mark available for giving reasons for the shape of pyramid e.g. high birth rate reflect lack of contraception and birth control.Study the population pyramid shown and say which stage it is in - in the Demographic Transition Model - give reasons for your answer (3 marks).Study both population pyramids and answer the question below:3) Describe and explain the differences between the two population pyramids shown
6 Traditional Subsistence Economy AgriculturalLittle Manufacturing of goods.Few external links to other countriesLow levels of population growthHigh birth and death rateMost people live in villagesPreconditions for take-offExternal links other countries developedResources increasingly exploited by developed countries.Countries begin to develop urban system (simple cities)Most of the population live simple housing. A small parentage become more wealthy.Population increases
7 Take-off to maturityEconomy expands rapidly – especially manufacturing goodsPopulation attracted to urban areas for jobsCities grow rapidly in sizeCountry become more organised e.g. health, transport, water etc.Drive to maturity (Sustained growth)Diversification of the economyDevelopment of the service industryGrowth spreads to other regions & sectorsPopulation growth slows/stabilisesE.g. Greece.Age of mass-consumptionAdvanced urban-industrial systemsHigh production & consumption of consumer goodsPopulation growth slows considerable