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Nutrition During Pregnancy

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Presentation on theme: "Nutrition During Pregnancy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nutrition During Pregnancy

2 Nutrition During Pregnancy
Single most important requirement Baby’s growth and development depend on nutrients from mother

3 Five food groups plus oils
Nutritional guidelines known as MyPyramid for Moms Grains Vegetables Fruits Milk Products Meat and Beans Oils

4 Grains Essential to any well-balanced diet
Contain carbohydrates, which provide energy Grains fortified with folic acid can help prevent defects to the baby’s nervous system Nutrients in grain also reduce risk of heart disease and keep digestive system working Includes any food made from wheat, rice, cornmeal, barley, or other grains Ex. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, and tortillas

5 Grains Whole grains and refined grains
Whole grains are generally more nutritious At least half grains should be whole Label on food should say “whole” in ingredients.

6 Vegetables Keeps mother’s heart healthy
Reduce chances of diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers Rich in potassium and dietary fiber Many rich in folic acids and vitamins A,C, and E. Low in fat and calories

7 Vegetables Different colored veggies provide different nutrients
Dark green, such as broccoli and spinach Orange veggies, such as carrots and pumpkin Dry beans and peas Starchy veggies, such as potatoes and corn Other veggies, such as celery and onions

8 Fruits Any fruit or 100% fruit juice is included
Apples, bananas, tomatoes, avocados, strawberries, and oranges Fruit juices are high in calories and do not contain fiber Fruits can be fresh, frozen, canned, or dried Main healthy heart and blood vessels Control body weight Good source of potassium, dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, and folic acid

9 Milk Products Includes all varieties of milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt Nutrients include calcium, potassium, vitamin D, and protein Calcium is vital for building healthy bones and teeth Important to prevent osteoporosis, a condition in which bones become fragile and break easily.

10 Milk Products Choose milk products low-fat or fat-free
High-fat products contain saturated fats and cholesterol that can increase risk of heart disease

11 Meat and Beans Includes meat, poultry, fish, dried beans, nuts, and eggs Choose meat and poultry cuts that are low-fat Provide protein, which is vital for baby’s growth and development of bones and teeth Helps keep mothers body healthy Need more during pregnancy

12 Oils Oils are fats that are liquid at room temp.
Come from either plants or fish Common oils include olive oil, corn oil, and canola oil Many foods are naturally high in oils, such as nuts, olive, and some fish

13 Oils Solid fats contain more saturated or trans fats than oils.
Can increase your risk for heart disease Oils have more monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are healthier Oils are healthier than solid fats, but still high in calories, so intake should be limited

14 Vitamins Vitamins help to maintain a healthy pregnancy
Research shows some birth defects linked to vitamin deficiency Women need more during pregnancy

15 Vitamins Some important vitamins
Vitamin A – ensure proper eye development and keeps skin healthy Vitamin B – assist in fetal development Vitamin C – helps build healthy teeth and gums and helps form connective tissue of skin, bone, and organs Vitamin D – aids in creation of bones and teeth Folic Acid – necessary for normal spinal development in fetus, lack of this can lead to spina bifida. Pregnant women need twice the normal amount

16 Minerals Pregnant women need iron, which helps prevent anemia and assists in developing baby’s own blood supply Dried beans, raisins, dates, meat, and leafy green veggies Calcium and phosphorus are also important to produce strong bones and teeth and ensure elimination of waste from body

17 Nutrition and Pregnant Teens
Pregnant teens must be especially careful to eat nutritious meals and snacks Essential for a teen’s own body and for her growing baby to get all nutrients for proper growth and development Need calcium and iron Should discuss nutritional needs with their doctor

18 Sensitivities to Milk Milk is rich in calcium, protein, and other key nutrients Some expectant mothers who cannot tolerate milk products need special eating strategies One alternative is to eat larger amounts of other calcium-rich foods, such as broccoli, tofu, and leafy green veggies Protein can come from meat, fish, dried beans, and nuts.

19 Sensitivities to Milk Some people are lactose intolerant, which means milk products cause abdominal pain and gas Many who have problems digesting lactose can still eat dairy food in small quantities or eaten with other food. Fortified soy milk can also provide nutrients

20 Sensitivities to Milk Lactase is an enzyme that helps digest lactose
Eating foods with lactase, such as yogurt, helps some people digest milk Taking lactase in liquid or tablet form can also relieve symptoms Pregnant women should consult doctor before taking a lactase supplement

21 Vegetarians Do not eat meat, which is high in protein
Some vegetarians, called vegans, do not any animal products, including eggs and milk Vegetarians eat food from plant sources, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, beans, nuts, and seeds Some choose this diet for religious or cultural reasons By eating enough tofu and other soybean products, dried beans, nuts, and nut better pregnant vegetarians can still get needed protein As always, consult with doctor to discuss diet

22 Go to
Scroll down and click on MyPyramid Plan for Moms Choose pregnant and age is 30 Due date is January 1, 2011 Height is 5’-5” Pre-pregnancy weight is 130 Physical activity is less than 30 minutes Hit Submit Scroll down and click on MyPyramid Menu Planner Enter Sally for the Name and click submit Enter food on the top left hand side of screen

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