2 What is a DBQ? DBQ stands for document based question One will write an essay forming an argument based on the provided documentsOne must also include outside information that he/she learned in class to support these claims
3 What type of documents can be included? Documents can come from a variety of sources including:DiariesLawsCharts, graphs, and mapsTreatiesNewspaper articles/editorialsExecutive ordersSpeechesPolitical cartoonsLetters
4 How many documents must be included? The directions will state the minimum number of documents that must be included. In Example… “Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion. Use evidence from at least five (5) documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts, examples, and details. Include additional outside information.”
5 How to Cite DocumentsWhen writing and referencing information included in a document, one must cite the document at the end of that specific sentence (Doc. A). When including a quote included in a document, one must cite the document, such as when Mr. Marinaccio said, “Please be on time to class” (Doc. B).
7 What is the historical context? The historical context provides background information about the time period the DBQ covers.
8 Historical ContextExamples: “In the late 18th century and early 19th century, the United States underwent significant political development. Part of this growth as a new country involved foreign policy. Many of the first political leaders decided that neutrality would best help America succeed. ” “Prior to 1865, a major issue that faced the United States was the institution of slavery. Some individuals and groups were against slavery, and they promoted abolition in a variety of ways. During the same time, the government attempted to deal with the issue of slavery in other ways.”
9 Understanding the Task The task informs the writer what he/she must argue. It is important to know key terms from blooms taxonomy (question words) such as:ExplainDiscussDescribeAnalyzeDefend
10 Essay FormatIf the task requires two arguments, it may be best to include two body paragraphs.Introductory paragraphBody 1 (first argument topic)Body 2 (second argument topic)Concluding paragraph
11 Introductory Paragraph Must be at least 5 sentencesInclude:Background information (restate historical context)Definitions of any important terms associated with the topicThesis statementOne-two sentences answering the essay task
12 Body Paragraphs Must be at least 5 sentences Include: Topic sentence Argument supported by documents and outside informationClosing sentence
13 Conclusion Must be at least 5 sentences Include: Restate thesis Summarize examplesClosing sentence