Presentation on theme: "Name: Eli Montalvo Date: March 15 Period:6. Causes Of The Civil War 1.Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States. 2.Lincoln says, as."— Presentation transcript:
Causes Of The Civil War 1.Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States. 2.Lincoln says, as president, he will not interfere with slavery in the South and he will enforce the Fugitive Slave Laws, BUT he will not allow slavery to spread into any of the territories. 3.South Carolina senators are mad and vote to have South Carolina leave the Union. 10 other southern states soon followed to create the Confederate States of America. 4.Jefferson Davis is elected President of the United States of America. 5. Lincoln is sworn into office and officially becomes president of the “Not so United States” He decides all military forts belong to the Union. 6.Angry Southerners in Charleston, South Carolina open fire on soldiers at Fort Sumter. 7.News of the attack on Fort Sumter created a wave of Patriotic fury in the North. The North calls for war. 8.Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteer troops to protect the Union. 9.Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for volunteers to join the army and protect the South. 10.The Civil War has begun.
Beginning the War North StrengthsSouth Strengths 22 million people strong Had more states Better technology 90% factories Most of the banks = richer More farms to provide food Controlled the sea-big navy 21,000 miles of railroad Transporting supplies & troops is easy Land had iron, copper, coal and gold Imported guns & supplies from Europe Long countries Big & spread out land Get to fight on own land Military generals Could trade cotton for war supplies w/ Europe
Beginning the War North Weakness South Weaknesses Military leadership weak 1/3 of Northern generals quit & unit back to South Waste time searching for good generals Have to travel and attack the South 9 million people Unaware of attacks Mississippi could split the Confederacy in 2 Economy couldn’t support a long war Few factories to produce guns & supplies Bad transportation Short, incomplete railroads Weak money
Population in Millions How many more people lived in Union states than in Confederate states?
Land Area About how many times more square miles of land did Union states have compared to Confederate states?
Industrial Production Which side---the Union or the Confederacy---had greater manufacturing and iron production?
Miles of Railroad Track About how many times more railroad track did the North have than the South?
Finances Which side---the Union or the Confederacy---had greater financial resources?
Leaders of the Civil War The UnionThe Confederacy Abraham Lincoln General Winfield Scott General Irvin McDowell General George McClellon Admiral David Farragut General Ulysses S. Grant General George Meade General William Sherman President Jefferson Davis Joseph E. Johnston General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson General Robert E. Lee General George Pickett
Troops How many more troops did the Union states have than the Confederate states?
1 st Battle of Bull Run Summary and Outcome Leaders July, 1861 McDowel was sent to take Confederate Capital in Richmond, VA Needed to control RR Junction in Massachusetts Virginia Irvin McDowel Pierre Beauregard Joseph Johnston
Battle of Antietam Summary and OutcomeLeaders Sept. 17, 1862 Lee went into Maryland Lee talks to people, nobody joined his side Lee left his battle plan North won McClellon Robert E. Lee
Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln made a speech They did really nothing until the war was over
Battle of Gettysburg Summary and Outcome Leaders July 1-3, 1863 Lee wanted to attack so much that the North would lose his will to fight & gain help from Europe Turning point of war South no longer would attack the North they began a defensive war George Mode Robert E. Lee George Pickett
Gettysburg Address Nov 19, 1863 Lincoln makes a speech at new Gettysburg cemetery
Sherman’s March to the Sea Summary and OutcomeLeaders Spring 1864-Dec 1864 Plan to destroy southern railroads & industries Captured Atlanta William Sherman Joseph Johnston
Surrender at Appomattox Summary and OutcomeLeaders April 9, 1865 Union army had the Confederate surrounded Union & Confederate generals met in Appomattox Courthouse The Confederate surrendered William Sherman Ulysses Grant Robert E. Lee
War Casualties Who had more war casualties, the North or the South? How many more did they have?
The Five Costliest Battles of the Civil War About how many total people were killed at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania, and Antietam?
Effects of the Civil War 1) 620,000 people lives lost 2) Slavery ended in the South 3) South destroyed 4) Slaves have no home or jobs to go to