Presentation on theme: "Please follow along with the slides, and fill in the blanks on the provided handout. Verbs."— Presentation transcript:
Please follow along with the slides, and fill in the blanks on the provided handout. Verbs
VERBS A verb is a word that expresses action, being or state of being. Action verbs: travel, ski, kick, hit Being/state of being verbs: is, are, was, were, be
Verbs have four main parts: Present tense—the base form of the verb (ex. LOOK at me.) Present participle—the base form of the verb with -ING added (ex. He is LOOKING at me.) Past tense—the base form of the verb with –ED added (ex. He LOOKED at me.) Past participle—the past tense of the verb with HAVE/HAS/HAD in front of it (ex. He had LOOKED at me.)
PRESENT PARTICIPLE How do you form the PRESENT PARTICIPLE for regular verbs? What is the present participle of the verb WATCH?
PAST and PAST PARTICIPLE For regular verbs, form the PAST and PAST PARTICIPLE by adding –ED to the present tense of the verb. PAST PARTICIPLES also get HAS/HAVE/HAD added in front. Example of PAST TENSE: Decorate/decorated, travel/traveled, dress/dressed Example of PAST PARTICIPLE: study/has studied, answer/had answered, vacuum/have vacuumed) So…what is the PAST PARTICIPLE of the verb WATCH?
IRREGULAR VERBS Some verbs are IRREGULAR, and you cannot add –ED to them to turn them into the past tense. Example: SWIM/SWAM/HAS SWUM, EAT/ATE/HAS EATEN
VERB PHRASES A VERB PHRASE consists of a main verb and one or more other verbs, called AUXILIARY VERBS. Example (auxiliary verbs underlined): The women ARE SINGING. The ocean IS ROARING. The students ARE HELPING TO DECORATE the halls. IS DOING homework fun? We WILL BE GOING to the Bahamas for Christmas.
VERB TENSE Verb tenses are necessary because they tell the time of action or being. (What are the verbs in the previous sentence?) (ARE NECESSARY and TELL.) The three simple verb tenses are PAST, PRESENT and FUTURE.
VERB TENSES PRESENT TENSE verbs tell what is happening now. PAST TENSE tells about something that happened before now. PAST TENSE tells about something that will happen.
AUXILIARY VERBS Auxiliary means HELPING or SECONDARY. Auxiliary verbs are like the IS in “He is eating.” Eating is the main verb, telling the main action, and is just helps out. In the future tense, the AUXILIARY VERBS are WILL and SHALL. Example: We WILL be going to the Bahamas for Christmas. WILL you sing in the concert tomorrow? (In the previous question, what is the main verb?) (SING)