2 All categories of books or stories can be called either fiction or non-fiction. A made up storyCan tell about things that could happenIs read for funCharacters may be like real people or imaginaryNon-FictionHas facts that can be checked and provenThe author is an expert on this information.
3 Fiction or Nonfiction? Fiction Story is created from the author’s imaginationStories are pretendAnimals or objects can talk, wear clothes, have jobsPeople in the story can do things people cannot really doStory might have funny pictures
4 Forms of Fiction There are three main forms of fiction. Novel: long work of fiction; contains the basic elements of fiction; may contain subplots along with the main plotSubplots: independent related storiesNovella: shorter than a novel but longer than a short storyShort Story: brief work of fiction; contains basic elements of fiction; one main plot; one conflict; most can be read in one sitting
5 What is Fiction? Fiction is a story that is not real. Picture booksChapter booksComicsStory books
6 Genres of Fiction Mystery (Nancy Drew) Horror (Goosebumps) Fantasy (Harry Potter)Science-fiction (Star Wars)Myths, Fairytales, Legends (Cinderella)Historical Fiction (Letters from Rifka)Can you name any others?
7 Elements of Fiction Setting Character Plot Point of View Theme SymbolismOther
8 Fiction or Nonfiction? Nonfiction Story is true and factual Stories are about real peopleBook gives informationMight have maps or real picturesPictures have captions describing the photographAn index in the back helps find informationMight have a glossary which defines some words
9 What is Non-Fiction? Text that is TRUE and based on REAL information Forms of Non-Fiction Text:Newspapers DictionariesEncyclopedias Scholastic NewsTextbooks MagazinesNon-Fiction Books
10 Forms of NonfictionTwo broad categories of nonfiction are literary nonfiction and functional texts.Literary Nonfiction: has elements of fiction; For example it might use vivid descriptions, a dramatic writing style, or poetic language.Functional Texts: give instructions, show directions, explain rules, provide other information that helps you complete procedures; often use illustrations or graphics
11 Literary Nonfiction Autobiographies and memoirs: tell the story of the author’s lifeBiographies:tell the story of someone’s life from theperspective of another writerLetters:written communications from person to person
12 Essays and Articles:brief works about a specific topicReviews:tell what is good and what is bad about a work ofart or performance.Reports:give information about a topic explored throughresearch
13 Functional Texts Recipes: tell how to prepare food Directions: tell how to operate or assemble equipmentSchedules: tell when events take placeMenus: tell which foods are available and their costBrochures: use pictures and text to advertise places or eventsMaps: are diagrams that show areas of landApplications: are written requests to an authority
14 Features of Non-Fiction Table of ContentsGlossaryIndexHeadingsBold PrintPhotographs/Real PicturesCharts, Graphs, and MapsCaptionsFact and Opinion
15 Table of Contents It tells you what is in the book It tells you the heading and the page numberIt is found in the frontTable of ContentsWhat is Fiction? Page 1What is Non-Fiction? Page 3Features of Non-Fiction Page 5Forms of Non-Fiction Page 10
16 Glossary It gives you a word and its definition It is in alphabetical orderThe important words are in bold printUsually found in the back of the text
17 IndexA list in alphabetical order of common important words or topics with page numbersFound in the back of the text
18 Headings They tell us what the new topic is about Found at the top of the page or at the beginning of a new topic
19 Charts, Graphs, and Maps Illustrations of important information Found throughout the text
20 Fiction or Nonfiction? a mouse that sings how to cook spaghetti the life of the president of the United States a person who can jump over a house flowers that sing an elephant that wears a ballerina tutu wild animals that live in Africa the surface of the moon a dog that can talk how to grow a garden a moose that can drive a bus how the heart pumps blood in the body a tree made of chocolate and gumdrops which foods are healthy to eat how to draw a bird a snowman that comes to life
21 ElementsSettingCharacterPoint of ViewPlotThemeNarrator
30 Factors in Analyzing Characters Physical appearance of characterPersonalityBackground/personal historyMotivationRelationshipsConflictDoes character change?
31 The point of view is the perspective of the story “I was framed! I just wanted to borrow a cup of sugar!”“That rotten wolf tried to eat us!!!!”
32 PlotThe series of events and actions that takes place in a story.
33 ThemeThe theme of a piece of fiction is its message about life. It usually contains some insight into the human condition.In most short stories, the theme can be expressed in a single sentence.In longer works of fiction, the central theme is often accompanied by a number of lesser, related themes, or there may be two or more central themes.
34 Central IdeaNonfiction often conveys a central idea supported by detailsCentral IdeaDetail
35 Narrator The narrator’s perspective is the way he or she sees things. A speaker or a character who tells a story.The narrator’s perspective is the way he or she sees things.
36 Dialogue Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. “Where’s teacher?”“She’ll be back.”“She’d better hurry, we’ll miss it!”From “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury