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The Bill of Rights.

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Presentation on theme: "The Bill of Rights."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Bill of Rights


3 Civil Liberties Freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment

4 The 1st Amendment Protects…
Freedom of religion Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Freedom of assembly Freedom to petition the government




8 Censorship The banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas






14 Petition A formal request


16 Slander spoken untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation

17 Libel written untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation

18 4th Amendment Protects Americans “against unreasonable searches and seizures” Requires any government agent wanting to search your property would need a search warrant


20 Search Warrant A court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect’s home or business and take specific items as evidence Issued by a judge

21 5th Amendment Protects the rights of people accused
Protects people from being put on trial for a serious federal crime without an indictment Protects people from double jeopardy Protects people from having to testify against themselves (the right to remain silent) Guarantees people due process Limits the government’s power of eminent domain

22 Indictment A formal charge by a group of citizens called a grand jury
Is needed before a citizen can be put on trial for a serious federal crime

23 Grand Jury A group of citizens that review evidence against the accused

24 Double Jeopardy Putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted

25 Due Process Following established legal procedures


27 Eminent Domain The right of the government to take private property (usually land) for public use

28 6th Amendment Requires that a person who has been accused of a crime be told the exact nature of the charges against them The accused is entitled to have a lawyer Guarantees a speedy trial The accused must be given a trial by jury (unless they choose a trial by judge)


30 8th Amendment Gives the accused the choice to wait for their trial in jail, or to pay bail to remain free while they wait Forbids excessive bail Forbids “cruel and unusual punishment” (Example: 20 years in prison for a parking ticket)

31 Bail A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial


33 2nd Amendment States rights to keep a well regulated militia
Protects an individuals right to keep and bear arms


35 Militia Small, local army made up of volunteer soldiers


37 7th Amendment Gives citizens the right to have a jury trial in civil cases over $20 if they choose, though it is not required

38 Civil Case A lawsuit that involves a disagreement between people rather than a crime.

39 9th Amendment Citizens have other rights beyond those listed in the Constitution The right to privacy is not mentioned in the Constitution


41 10th Amendment any powers the Constitution does not directly give to the national government are reserved for the states and the people The United States government can only have the powers the people give to it

42 Bill of Rights First 10 amendments of the Constitution
Only protected the rights of white men

43 13th Amendment (1865) Officially outlawed slavery in the United States

44 Black Codes Laws passed by Southern states to limit the rights of African Americans

45 14th Amendment (1868) Defined a United States citizen as anyone “born or naturalized in the United States.” Guarantees all citizens “equal protection of the laws”


47 15th Amendment (1870) States that no state may take away a person’s voting rights on the basis of race, color or previous enslavement. Meant to guarantee suffrage to African Americans Only protected men

48 Suffrage The right to vote


50 19th Amendment (1920) Protected the right of women to vote in all national and state elections.

51 Washington D.C. Area between Virginia and Maryland where the Federal government operates Not a state D.C. stands for the District of Columbia

52 Poll Taxes A sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot Poll taxes are now illegal

53 Discrimination Unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group


55 Jim Crow Laws Required African Americans and whites to be separated in most public places, such as schools


57 Segregation System of social separation of the races

58 Civil Rights The rights of full citizenship and equality under the law


60 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Works through the courts to challenge laws and traditions that deny African Americans the rights given to them by the Constitution



63 Freedom Riders White and African American’s who traveled on buses to protest segregation


65 Affirmative Action Programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities Encouraged the hiring and promoting minorities and women


67 Racial Profiling Singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity


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