Presentation on theme: "Focus Question What new system of government did the delegates agree upon at the Constitutional Convention in 1787? They adopted a system of divided power."— Presentation transcript:
1 Focus QuestionWhat new system of government did the delegates agree upon at the Constitutional Convention in 1787?They adopted a system of divided power between the federal government and state governmentsFederal government has three branches
2 The Philadelphia Convention 1787 Purpose was to amend the ArticlesImmediately it was clear a new constitution need to be createdThey met in secret 89 of the 116 days
3 The Constitutional Convention James Madison proposed only a majority vote was needed to pass any resolutionWas a key proposal because 13 – 0 votes would have killed it before it got off the ground
4 The Constitutional Convention RepresentativesMost wealthy lawyers, merchants, or plantersWell-educated men in their 30s or 40sIncluded: Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington
5 The Constitutional Convention Thomas Jefferson was ambassador to FranceWashington elected unanimously as presiding officerAlexander Hamilton
6 Rival Plans of Government Virginia PlanWritten primarily by Virginian James MadisonThe plan traced the outlines of what would become the U.S. Constitution
7 Virginia PlanA national government consisting of three branches with checks and balances to prevent the abuse of power.2 houses: one with members elected by the people and the other composed of leaders elected by the state legislatures for 7-year terms.Both would use population as a basis for dividing seats among the states.Federal Government could make and enforce lawsPower was in the UnionSmall states disagreed – Small pop. = fewer Reps/less power
8 New Jersey Plan Small states vigorously opposed Virginia Plan 4 largest states would have a majority in both housesPresented by William Patterson
9 New Jersey PlanSmall states propose that one house have equal representation for each stateAnd a Supreme court to judge legality of laws passed by the legislative branch
10 Great Compromise also known as Connecticut Plan Debate raged between large and small statesRoger Sherman offered a solutionThe Great Compromise
11 Connecticut Plan Combines New Jersey and Virginia plan 2 houses in legislature one based on population (House of Reps)One has equal representation for each state (Senate)
12 Three – Fifths Compromise Should slaves be counted as part of the populationSouthern States demanded that slaves count as part of the populationIf the slaves were not counted the southern states would be weak in representation
13 Three – Fifths Compromise Three-Fifths Compromise, an agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slaves in apportioning RepresentativesRequired all states to return fugitive slaves to their owners.
14 Three – Fifths Compromise Initially resulted in more representation in congress for southern statesOver the long term, the Three-Fifths Compromise did not work as the South anticipatedNorthern population grew faster.Since the northern states grew more rapidly than the South, by 1820, southern representation in the House had fallen to 42 percent.