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From The Andes to the Amazon:

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1 From The Andes to the Amazon:
The Physical Geography of Latin America

2 Latin America Divided into Three Regions Middle America The Caribbean
South America Mexico Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, Belize, Nicaragua, etc.)

3 The Caribbean Islands Formerly known as West Indies, divided into three main island groups: The Bahama Archipelago Collection of 700 islands northeast of Cuba Greater Antilles Four largest islands: Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola (divided into Haiti & Dominican Republic) Lesser Antilles Separates Caribbean Sea from Atlantic Ocean Includes Trinidad & Aruba

4 South America Connected to Central America by an isthmus, a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas Includes Brazil, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, & Argentina

5 Ain’t No Mountain High Enough For Latin America
Latin America’s mountains begin in North America as the Rockies Part of The Ring of Fire Subduction zone Volcanoes and Earthquake Sierra Madre Eastern range-Sierra Madre Oriental Western range-Sierra Madre Occidental Meet near Mexico city to form Sierra Madre del Sur

6 Ain’t No Mountain High Enough For Latin America
Mexican Plateau Densely populated due to Mild climate, fertile volcanic soil, adequate rainfall World’s longest mountain chain-4,500 miles Second highest-some more than 20,000 feet Cordilleras- consist of several ranges that run parallel to one another Altiplano High plain in Peru and Bolivia encircled by the Andes Patagonia Plateau made up of hills and lower flatlands

7 Grasslands Llanos (tropical) Pampas (temperate)
Spanish for “plains”. During the rainy seasons, becomes temporary wetlands due to high amounts of flooding Land is unfit for farming, so settlers in the area turned to cattle herding Pampas (temperate) Spanish for “lowlands” Fertile soil Used for grazing, growing wheat and corn

8 Bodies of Water River Basin- the land area drained by a river and its tributaries Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers Form second largest system in Latin America Provide inland water routes and hydroelectric power Flow into broad estuary (area where tide meets a river current)-Rio de la Plata

9 Bodies of Water Few large lakes in Latin America Lake Maracaibo
Actually inlet of Caribbean Sea Contains the most important oil fields in Venezuela

10 Natural & Non-Renewable Resources
Significant natural resources Minerals, forests, farmland, and water Oil and Natural gas Gulf of Mexico and southern Caribbean Sea Mineral Wealth Gold in Venezuela Silver in Peru and Mexico Nonprecious minerals of economic value

11 Why Would People Live Here?
Area of Settlement Cooler Climates Rich natural resources Water, volcanic soil, timber and minerals Blocked movement and trade Most settled areas on eastern and northern coasts Isolated regions

12 Much of Latin America between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
Very Diverse Much of Latin America between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn Tropical climates and vegetation Hot temperatures and abundant rainfall Elevation and Climate Climates most affected by elevation Vertical Climate zone: tropical regions which indicate specific patterns of elevated growth Tierra Caliente-bananas, sugar, rice, cacao Tierra Templada-coffee and corn Tierra Fria-potatoes and barley

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