Presentation on theme: "One Island, Two People, Two Histories: The Dominican Republic and Haiti By: Mapa, Kinsey, & Graciela."— Presentation transcript:
One Island, Two People, Two Histories: The Dominican Republic and Haiti By: Mapa, Kinsey, & Graciela
Hispaniola Lays between the islands of Cuba to the west and Puerto Rico to the East Haiti occupies the western third and the Dominican Republic the eastern two-thirds of the island. Santo Domingo, Hispaniola, 1671
Geography 170-mile border between Haiti and Dominican Republic Between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean Two-thirds of its people now live in cities
Early Life in Haiti and DR Natives were Tainos Lived in Villages Divided Classes Simple Food
History Dominican Republic & Haiti Spanish Rule –Christopher Columbus 1492 Tainos –Plantation Economy French Rule –French Revolutionary War 1795 –1808 Complete Control –1809 People Revolted
Haiti –1% Still forested –Reason Building material Soil erosion Lost soil fertility Dominican Republic –28% still forested –Reason: Watershed protection Hydoelectric power Preserved Rainforest Deforestation
Differences Between Haiti and DR Haiti Poorest Country in the New World Corrupt Government Most Overpopulated Market Economy is Modest Extreme Polarization Between the Masses of Poor and Rich Elite Dominican Republic Less Population Density Growth Rate Democracy without Military Coup Foreign Exchange Includes Iron, Nickel, Employs More Workers Large Tourist Industry
Peak Production in Haiti & Dominican Republic 1697 During French Control Sugar and Coffee Slave labor
Five Factor Framework 1.Human environmental 2.Friendly Policies 3.Unfriendly policies 4.Response by societies and leaders
Human Environmental Impacts Exploitation of valuable trees in the Republic Extinction of Valuable Tree Species
Friendly Policies Dictator Trujillo established first national park, protection of forests, and put an end to burning forests for agriculture. Balaguer recognized the country’s need for maintaining forests. Opened Borders to Haitian Workers
Unfriendly Policies Corrupt leaders led people to believe they were fixing society, when in reality they were destroying it. People fighting against the logging ban. Haiti’s Constitution banned foreign investment or ownership.
Responses By the Societies and Their Leaders Leaders tried to improve the environment by slowing logging. Opening borders to trade. People leaving to gain money and better life. Living beyond their means.
Today's Society Water quality is very poor. People Spending beyond their means. Resources are scarce.