Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 2 Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation Lesson 7 The Catholic Church (IMAD)
2 The Catholic Church (IMAD) Learning TargetStudents can define the terms Protestant and ReformationStudents can explain the causes of the Protestant Reformation
3 The Catholic Church (IMAD) GodPopeCardinalsArch-BishopsBishopsPriests and MonksLaity – not in the clergy
4 The Catholic Church (IMAD) Protestant Reformation: BeginningProtestant = someone who protested against the teachings of the Catholic ChurchReformation = when people began to demand a change in the religious system
5 The Catholic Church (IMAD) A Challenge of Church Political AuthorityKing Philip IV of France tried to tax church officialsThe pope told the French clergy not to pay the taxThe king arrested the pope Boniface VIII, and ItalianSix years later, the king helped to elect a French pope, Clement VThe new pope moved from Rome to Avignon in FranceSeventy years passed before a pope lived in Rome againAt different times, more than one person claimed to be pope
6 The Catholic Church (IMAD) A Challenge of Church Religious AuthorityThose who challenged the church’s religious authority are called reformersOne early reformer was John Wycliffe who said the church had too much powerHe said the Bible not the “church” should be the authority for ChristiansTo allow people to read the Bible, Wycliffe translated the Latin Bible into EnglishAnother was John Huss who criticized the church for being to “worldly”Religious leaders feared a rebellion and claimed that Huss was a hereticA heretic teaches a belief that a religious authority thinks is falseIn 1415, they arrested Huss and burned him at the stake
7 The Catholic Church (IMAD) I – Indulgences = certificates that take away sinChurch was selling forgiveness for $MONEY$Who will this anger?
8 The Catholic Church (IMAD) M – Merchants want UsuryUsury = lending money and charging interestThe Church says usury is wrongWho would this anger?
9 The Catholic Church (IMAD) A – Absolute Power and Wealth of the ChurchWhy was the Catholic Church so powerful in Europe?Who would this anger?
10 The Catholic Church (IMAD) D – Domination of the Church by ItaliansFor years the pope was only an ItalianItalians were not the only Catholic peopleWho would this anger?
11 The Catholic Church (IMAD) Who’s Mad?I = lower classM = middle classA = upper classD = non-Italian church officials