Presentation on theme: "Precipitation and Sky Conditions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Precipitation and Sky Conditions S4E3 Students will differentiate between the states of water and how they relate to the water cycle and weather.e. Investigate different forms of precipitation and sky conditions (rain, snow, sleet, hail, clouds, and fog).Created for TCSS
2 Sky ConditionsSky conditions consist of two main areas: cloud cover and probability of precipitation. Cloud cover is based on observations more than calculations. Probability of precipitation is the likelihood that it will rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
3 CloudsClouds are made of tiny drops of water or ice crystals that settle on dust particles in the atmosphere. Fog can be thought of as a low-down cloud hugging the ground in valleys and along rivers and streams. A stiff wind can lift a fog away from earth, becoming a cloud, but generally fog evaporates in the morning sun.
4 Cloud Types There are three basic cloud types. They are: Stratus CirrusCumulus
5 Stratus (STRAT-us)Stratus clouds are low, flat sheets of clouds that look like one huge cloud covering the whole sky. Stratus means layer.
6 Cirrus (SEAR-us)Cirrus clouds are high, thin, wispy, and feathery. Cirrus means wisp of hair.
7 Cumulus (KEW-mew-lus) Cumulus clouds are large, rounded, fluffy, cottony-looking clouds. Cumulus means heap, or pile.
8 Altostratus and Altocumulus Sometimes clouds can be at different altitudes than usual. For example, stratus clouds, usually low, can also be at middle altitudes. When they are, we call them altostratus clouds. Alto means middle. And altostratus means stratus clouds at the middle levels of the sky.When cumulus clouds are at the middle levels of the sky they are called altocumulus clouds.
9 Cirrostratus and Cirrocumulus The word cirro means high. Stratus clouds that are high in the sky are called cirrostratus clouds.Cumulus clouds at high levels are called cirrocumulus.
10 NimbostratusThe word nimbus means rain. Another form of the word nimbus is nimbo. So if a cloud contains rain, sleet, snow, or hail, we add the nimbus or nimbo to its name.A stratus cloud that produces rain, sleet, or snow is called a nimbostratus cloud.
11 CumulonimbusA cumulus cloud that produces rain is called a cumulonimbus cloud. That word is a combination of the words cumulo (a form of the word cumulus) and nimbus.
12 PrecipitationClouds produce many kinds of precipitation, such as snow, rain and hail.Precipitation is any form of water that falls from clouds to the Earth.
13 RainRain is the most common form of precipitation.
14 SnowSnow falls when the temperature in a cloud is below freezing. Water vapor in the cloud forms ice crystals known as snowflakes.
15 SleetSleet is rain that freezes as it falls. If the temperature near the Earth’s surface is below freezing, rain will turn to ice before it hits the ground.
16 HailHail is created when small water droplets are caught in the updraft of a thunderstorm. These water droplets are lifted higher and higher into the sky until they freeze into ice. Once they become heavy, they start to fall.
17 Reviewing Cloud TypesLet’s review some of the new words you’ve learned. The three red words in the table to the right are three cloud types. The green word tells us whether a cloud contains precipitation. The two blue words, when added to the red words, tell us the altitude of a cloud.