3 The LandscapeThe word “Canada” comes from the word “Kanata” which means village. But Canada is the 2nd largest country in the world!Between Canada & the U.S. lies the worlds largest undefended borderThe Atlantic Ocean borders Canada to the east, the Pacific Ocean to its west, & the Artic Ocean to the north
7 Also has 3 Territories: Northwest Territory Nunavut Territory Yukon Territory
8 Open your books to pg. 119 Use the map to help you color Canada’s provinces and territories Assign 1 color to each province & territory and make a key to the side of your map
9 Pg. 159 Copy/Answer these questions in your notebook 1. Thousands of years ago, glaciers covered most of Canada. What did the weight of these glaciers create?2. What types of deposits are found within the Canadian Shield?3. What type of climate do the Arctic Islands experience?4. Describe the physical features found along Canada’s southeastern Atlantic coast.
10 Pg. 159-161 Copy/Answer these questions in your notebook 5. What type of climate is experienced within the lowlands of the St. Lawrence River & the Great Lakes region?6. What is Canada’s largest city?7. What are the Great Plains?8. What is the Cordillera?9. What is the highest peak in Canada?10. Which is the only area of Canada with a marine west coast climate?
11 Canada’s Economic Regions Canada is known for fertile farmland, rich natural resources, and skilled workersManufacturing, farming, and the service industry make up the countries main economic activitiesComprised of a Free Market EconomyThough Canada’s government plays a bigger role than the U.SUniversal health care for citizensGovernment regulated programs (broadcasting, electric companies & transportation)
12 Canada’s Economic Regions 1. Eastern CanadaFishing was once the major economic activity of the regionThe Grand Banks is one of the best fishing spots in the world!However it has been over-fished causing the government to now regulate the # of fish caughtManufacturing, mining, and tourism are now the #1 Economic activities
13 Canada’s Economic Regions 2. Quebec and OntarioQuebec is Canada’s largest province!Almost ¼ of Canadian’s live in QuebecManufacturing and service industries= #1Ontario is the 2nd largest provinceOttawa (the nations capital) is located here
14 Canada’s Economic Regions 3. The Prairie Provinces & British ColumbiaPrairie Provinces= Manitoba, Saskatchewan, & AlbertaFarming & ranching= #1 Economic activity hereLarge producer of wheat, oil, & natural gasBritish ColumbiaWorlds leading producer in NewsprintTimber, mining, fishing & tourism are also big
15 NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement About $1 billion worth of trade asses between Canada & the U.S. daily! Some Canadians worry their economy is too dependent on the U.S. & that the U.S. could one day dominate
17 The Inuit are considered the first peoples of Canada Canada’s HistoryThe Inuit are considered the first peoples of CanadaA member of the Inuit people is called an “Inuk”Build/live in IgloosHunted animals such as whales & polar bearUsed polar bear skins for clothingUsed whale bones to build their houses or as weaponsTraveled long distances using dogsleds
18 Nunavut 1999- Nunavut Territory was created for the Inuit Inuit have their own government and control much of what happens within the territoryThis means they have Autonomy*3X the size of the state of Texas
19 Canada’s History Today, 32 million people live in Canada Large majority of people have a European heritageHowever, many Canadians associate themselves with their region rather than their country
20 Canada’s History The first Europeans in Canada= the Vikings First settled in NewfoundlandFrance & Britain claimed/controlled areas of Canada -This is why French is one of the major languages (New France) -This is also why the Queen of England is also the queen of Canada
21 Canada’s HistoryFor 100 years, British Colonies were kept separate from French areas.1876- Canada becomes the Dominion of CanadaNew Canadian government promised to keep much of the French culture & language alive.Many French speakers felt they were treated unfairlyAfter fighting alongside the British & Americans in WWII, Canada eventually gained its independence1982- Won the right to change their constitution without British approval.
22 Canada’s GovernmentGovernment= Parliamentary Democracy & Constitutional MonarchyVoters elect representatives to Parliament Members of Parliament make the lawsAt the head of Parliament is the Prime Minister -The Prime Minister is the head of government & holds the most power The Prime Minister is elected by the Parliament -No fixed termThe Queen visits Canada, however she does not carry much powerMore of a Ceremonial positionStephen HarperQueen Elizabeth the II
23 Canada’s LanguageCanada is considered a Bilingual country because it has 2 official languages- French & EnglishSome areas of the country favor one language over the other but use bothGovernment documents & traffic signs are printed in both English & FrenchChildren learn both languages in school*Majority of French people in Canada live in Quebec