Presentation on theme: "On notebook paper. name. date"— Presentation transcript:
1 On notebook paper. name. date On notebook paper name date block List and describe the seven parts of a food label
2 1st lab Testing for the Effectiveness of Antacids 2nd- finish yesterday’s activity or Wed. video Questions
3 Design a chart Title: Nutrients and Homeostasis FunctionsFound in Foods Like:
4 Design a chart (3 columns and 20 rows) Title: Vitamins and Minerals page 973 and 974 NutrientSourcesImportant for:
5 KEY CONCEPT Cells require many different nutrients.
6 The six types of nutrients are water, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins. Water makes up 55% to 60% of your body.involved in nearly every cell and body processneed 2 liters (8 cups) a day to replace fluid lost
7 Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. simple and complex carbohydrates supply glucosefiber from plant foods helps eliminationSimple and Complex Carbohydrates
8 Proteins are necessary for growth and repair of the body’s cells. body makes 12 out of 20 amino acidsother eight essential amino acids come from foodFats provide energy and key building components.fats are saturated and unsaturatedessential fatty acids come from foodProteins and Fats
9 Meeting nutritional needs supports good health. During puberty, you require more nutrients and Calories.One Calorie equals one kilocalorie, or 1000 calories.1g of protein or carbohydrate equals 4 Calories.1g of fat equals 9 Calories.
10 Minerals are inorganic materials. help to build or repair tissuesreplenished by eating variety of foods
11 Vitamins are organic molecules that work with enzymes. vitamins are fat-soluble and water-solubleregulate cell functions, growth, developmentreplenished by eating variety of foods
12 Complete # 7 on “Eating for Your future” Video Sheet Carbohydrate-An organic molecule found in the form of starch, sugar, and fiber. A major source of dietary energy.Cholesterol- a waxy substance produced by the liver and found in animal fats, cell membranes. Too much can build up on the walls of the arteries. Leading cause of heart disease.Diet- the type of food eaten each day. Needs to be balanced.
13 Fat- high energy food that contain twice as much energy as equal amounts of carbohydrates. One of the three basic food types. High in calories and can lead to weight gain.Food- fuel that gives the body the energy it needs to perform in order to stay alive.Protein-a naturally occurring substance made of amino acids found in animal products, and some plant products. Nuts, meats, fish, egg whites, grains
14 Saturated fats-fats that are solid at room temperature, Some raise cholesterol level. Ex. butter, vegetable shortening, margarine.Trans fats- created by turning unsaturated fats into saturated fats in a process called hydrogenation. All raise cholesterol levelsUnsaturated fats- fats that are liquid at room temp. (vegetable oils, olive oil, peanut oil). Tend to decrease a person’s cholesterol level.
15 Cholesterol-a waxy food substance produced by the liver and found in animal sources. Too much clogs arteries.Trans fats-created by turning unsaturated fats into saturated fats through a process called hydrogenation
16 Calories and Metabolism Calorie- a measure of a unit of energy food in food.Metabolism-all chemical processes that synthesis or breakdown materials with an organism.