Presentation on theme: "The Cold War from 1945-1962 As you move through the PowerPoint, take notes on your timeline. Some topics also require reading excerpts from the textbook."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Cold War fromAs you move through the PowerPoint, take notes on your timeline. Some topics also require reading excerpts from the textbook (as noted on your handout) or watching video clips. When you finish, analyze the primary documents on the back of the handout.
2 What was the Cold War?The Cold War was a period of intense hostility between the US and the USSR that stopped just short of actual warIt lasted from
3 How did both sides try to become more powerful during the Cold War? Build AlliancesSpread their ideasAcquire the most weapons (arms race)Win non-war competitionsSpace race, Sports (Olympics)Win proxy warsKorea, Afghanistan
4 The Iron CurtainIn 1946, Winston Churchill gave a famous speech about the start of the Cold WarHe said that an “iron curtain” had fallen across EuropeWhat do you think he meant by this?More information about the speech:
5 Truman Doctrine (1947)The US states it will take responsibility for defending “free peoples who are resisting subjugation” throughout the worldOften in the form of economic and military aidWhy so significant?Think about America’s traditional foreign policy…
6 Marshall Plan (1948)Named after George Marshall, the US Secretary of StateGave billions of dollars to help Western Europe recover from the warEnacted to create a stable Europe, which would hopefully prevent any Communist political parties from becoming more popular
7 ContainmentThe US wanted to prevent the spread of Communism by firm resistanceThis general policy of the US towards the USSR during the Cold War was called containmentHow do you think the Soviets viewed Truman and his policies?Images like this madeAmericans fearful of thethreat of Communism
8 The First Problem of the Cold War: The Division of Germany Germany had been divided into 4 zones of occupation after the warBerlin, though in the Soviet section, had been divided, tooIn 1948, Stalin begins a blockade of West Berlin to try to force the West to give up control of that part of the city What should be done?Occupied Germany
9 The Solution: The Berlin Airlift Though a potentially dangerous situation, which could have escalated into war,the US responds with the Berlin Airlift, and flies plane-loads of supplies aroundthe clock into West Berlin for over a year to support the West Berliners.Stalin eventually ends the blockade.
10 1949: A Busy Year West and East Germany are officially divided. The USSR detonates its first atomic bomb—the arms race begins!Deterrence:Using the threat of a massive counter-strike to prevent an attack from an enemy; requires both sides to stockpile huge amounts of weapons
11 1949: A Busy Year A civil war in China is won by Communist forces A Western military alliance called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is created
13 Results in a Climate of Fear… All of these changes result in a climate of fear.Watch this video clip to see how the US government tried to make kids feel safer during this time…enjoy
14 Korean War ( )North Korea invades South Korea to establish a Communist regimeUS sends troops to help the SouthThe fighting results in a stalemateWhat is the significance?
15 1953-1955 Stalin dies and is replaced by Nikita Khrushchev The Warsaw Pact is createdMost Eastern European states that are under Soviet influence (known as satellite states) join this military pact with the USSRStalin dies and is replaced by Nikita Khrushchev
16 Sputnik Space RaceDuring the Cold War, the two sides often competed in non-military waysThe Soviet launch of Sputnik, the first satellite, launched the start of one such competition-the Space Race
17 Berlin Wall, 1961 Ordered by Nikita Khrushchev Built to stop flow of refugees to West BerlinSymbol of the Cold WarWatch this video:
18 You are the President of the United States, and a spy plane has just brought back this photo from a run over Cuba—which shows Soviet nuclear missiles--- what do you do?
19 Cuban Missile CrisisThe Soviets supplied Cuba (a recent convert to Communism) with missiles that could hit the USKennedy and Khrushchev succeed in defusing the situation through letters and a naval blockadeVERY tense moment in the Cold War-perhaps the closest we came to nuclear war