2 … PAST SIMPLE … Regular verbs; In affermative sentences, regular verbs form the past adding the suffix –ed. at the infinity form without “to”;The negative form is formed with the auxiliary did followed by not (didn’t) and by infinity form of the main verb without “to”.The interrogative form is formed by prefixing the auxiliary did the subject and following it from infinity form of the main verb without “to”.We use the past simple to talk about things that started and finished in the past.
3 … PAST SIMPLE … FORM CONSTRUCTION EXAMPLE Affermative Subject + Verb + -edShe called me late last nightNegativeSubject + did + not + infinity form without to(didn’t)I didn’t watch the match on tv yesterdayInterrogativeDid + Subject + Infinity form without to + … ?Did you wait long?
4 … PAST PERFECT …We use the past perfect to talk about an action in the past that was completed before another action in the past.We form the past perfect with had and the past participle of the main verb.The form remains the same for each subject pronoun.
5 … PAST PERFECT … FORM CONSTRUCTION EXAMPLE Affermative Subject + Had + Past ParticipleThe train had already left when I got on the stationNegativeSubject + Had + Not + Past ParticipleI hadn’t met him yetInterrogativeHad + Subject + Past Participle + … ?Had they already had breakfast?
6 Just – Already – Yet/Not yet We use just, already, yet, not yet with the Present perfect.We usually use just and already in affirmative sentences and they go before the Past participle.We use yet in questions and in negative sentences, and it goes at the end of the sentence.He’s just started his first job.I’ve already bought a ring for her!Have you decided on the date yet?
7 MIND THE TRAP !We use the Past simple and NOT the Present perfect with time expressions which refer to a finished periodWe met yesterday NOT We have met yesterday.
8 THE ENDProduced by:Francesco AmbraLuca ArzilloFabio Zarrella