2 The Hebrews and Judaism Main IdeaThe ancient Hebrews and their religion, Judaism, have been a major influence on Western civilization.
3 The Early HebrewsThe Hebrews were the ancestors of the Jews, and most of what we know, including the laws and requirements of their religion, Judaism, comes from their later writings.The TorahAbraham, father of the HebrewsGod’s covenant – solemn promise12 Tribes of IsraelAbraham, Isaac, and Jacob were patriarchs – ancestral fathersIsraelites in EgyptHebrew FathersSlaves in EgyptMoses – Israelite leader raised in palacePharaoh, plaguesExodusIsraelites out of EgyptPassoverThe Ten CommandmentsMoses and ExodusIsraelites in desertCanaanLand of “milk and honey”Israelites battled for landCanaan = IsraelPromised Land
4 Key Events in Israelite History Abraham traveled to Canaan, 1800 BCMoses appeared among Hebrews in Egypt, 1200s BCthe Exodusdelivery of Ten Commandments to MosesHebrews wander desert for 40 yearsinvasion of Philistines to Israel, mid-1000s BCSaul named first king of Israel, mid-1000s BCDavid named second king of Israel, 1000 BCSolomon named third king of Israel, 865 BC
5 Kings Saul, David, Solomon The Kingdom of IsraelThe Period of the JudgesIn Canaan the Israelites lived in scattered communities.Organized by Twelve tribes, but no central government. The judges enforce laws.Prophets, holy men believed to carry messages from God, kept Israelites focused on faithIsraelites united against PhilistinesSaul, first Israelite kingNever won full supportDavid, second kingStrong king, gifted poetSolomon, David’s sonIsrael reached height of wealthKings Saul, David, SolomonConflict after Solomon’s deathTwo kingdoms, Israel and Judah722 BC, Israel fell to Assyrians586 BC, Judah fell to ChaldeansChaldeans enslaved JewsDiaspora - scattering of JewsPersians conquered ChaldeansDivision and Conquest
7 The Teachings of Judaism Religion the foundation of Hebrew and Jewish societiesMonotheism - belief in one GodJustice and RighteousnessKindness, fairness, code of ethicsObedience to the LawTen Commandments, Mosaic LawJewish Sacred TextsTorah, Talmud