Key approaches of Advocacy N. Assifi UNFPA/CST, Bangkok
Key advocacy approaches Involving leaders Building partnership Mobilizing the community groups Capacity building Working with mass media
Involving leaders Leaders refer to those who are extremely influential in facilitating changes in national issues of population and reproductive health. Law makers: Those who make laws Policy makers: Those who make policies Decision makers: Those who implement policies
How to reach leaders Formal settings….Meetings, seminars, conferences, etc. Informal settings...Public gatherings, festivals, sport events, at home, etc. Directly…………..Meetings, letter, media, etc Indirectly…………Through their colleagues, friends, spouse, etc.
Building Partnerships Partnerships are formed by groups of individuals that join together aiming to accomplish a common purpose. Coexistence Communication Cooperation Coordination Collaboration
Working in partnership Advantages Enlarges the of support Provides safety for advocacy efforts Magnifies existing resources Increase financial and programmatic resources Enhances the credibility and influence of advocacy efforts Help develop new leadership Assists in individual and organizational networking
Working in partnership Disadvantages Distracts from other work May require to compromise your position Views of larger organization may influence the view of others Individual members may not get credit for their work If partnership breaks down it may harm all members’ advocacy efforts
Building effective partnership Key questions to ask yourself before approaching potential partners Who should constitute the partnership? Who should lead the partnership? How will resources be accounted for? How big should be the partnership? Should it be limited to the national level or other levels should be involved as well?
Mobilizing community groups Purpose To draw attention of the leaders to key population and RH issues and to encourage them to take action Provide feed back on community needs and feelings Help planners to collect data, testimonials and other information in support of a given issue Disseminate information among public and create public support for a given issue
How to organize and mobilize community groups? Involving community leaders, influential and religious leaders Identifying key existing community groups Identifying existing community channels for information dissemination Organizing the group (identify group members, group leader, terms of reference) Mobilizing the group through village meetings, group discussions, folk and traditional media, live entertainment etc.
Capacity Building Capacity building approach is used to: Leadership development Expanding network of advocates Maintaining high level of knowledge and skills Keeping up with new trends and new challenges
Requirements for an advocate Academic background and experience in communication Work experience in population, health, RH, FP etc. Experience in group organization/mobilization Ability/skills in public speaking and group facilitation Ability/skills in speech writing, writing articles etc. Experience in working with media (media relations) Orientation on research, capability to translate research-based information to advocacy messages Academic Background and skills
Requirements for an advocate Articulate, good listener, good communicator Interested to work with people at different levels Willingness to be trained and open for further professional growth Committed to the programme Personal Qualities
Reasons for Dealing with Media Enhance visibility of your programme and/or organization (name recognition) Enhance visibility of your programme and/or organization (name recognition) Inform the decision makers and the public about your activities Inform the decision makers and the public about your activities Stimulate discussion on issues you are promoting Stimulate discussion on issues you are promoting Working with mass media
Dealing with Media… (cont’d) Generate public support for your activities and organization Generate public support for your activities and organization Increase fundraising (sponsorship) or membership or supporters to your cause Increase fundraising (sponsorship) or membership or supporters to your cause
Promote a Good Media Coverage 1. Invest in building media contacts (Roster) 2. Keep up with media trends, techniques and technologies 3. Facilitate journalists’ access to relevant information and data 4. Treat journalists and other media professionals with respect.
Promote Good media… 5. Be guided by the “Five Fs” of media relations: Fast, Factual, Frank, Fair and Friendly 6. Establish a channel of regular communication with media gatekeepers 7. Thank and reward deserving journalists and other media professionals through awards and other motivators. 8. Develop a media strategy
Develop a Media Strategy 1. Your message Briefly tell journalists what your organization stands for and does: Central message Briefly tell journalists what your organization stands for and does: Central message Ensure everyone in your organization shares the same message: Consistency Ensure everyone in your organization shares the same message: Consistency Two Critical Elements:
Media Strategy… (cont’d) Audience and appropriate media Audience and appropriate media Identify the information needs of target audience Identify the information needs of target audience Identify media they use – and trust Identify media they use – and trust Determine for what purpose you want to reach them: Determine for what purpose you want to reach them: To stimulate discussion To stimulate discussion To inform them on new issues To inform them on new issues To educate them on values To educate them on values To help them form opinions To help them form opinions Choose your media accordingly based on above Choose your media accordingly based on above
Media Strategy… (cont’d) Printed media Printed media Tends to be an elite medium Tends to be an elite medium Radio Radio Tends to be a medium for a very broad audience Tends to be a medium for a very broad audience Remains in places where TV has arrived Remains in places where TV has arrived Television Television Tends to be a medium for entertainment Tends to be a medium for entertainment Appropriate to reach influential people, politicians & policy makers Appropriate for information dissemination, e.g. news, interviews Entertainment function but useful for information dissemination Audience and appropriate media