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Pragmatism in Education

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1 Pragmatism in Education
Alex Witzky Pragmatism in Education

2 Major Beliefs Pragmatism is the practical approach to problems.
Greek word “Pragma” which means activity or the work done. Pragmatists believe that reality is constantly changing and that we learn best through applying our experiences and thoughts to problems, as they arise.

3 Philosophy and Values There is no absolute and unchanging truth, but rather, truth is what works. Only those things that are experienced or observed are real. To them truth reality, reality, goodness and badness are all relative terms. They are proved by man’s own experiences.

4 Philosophy on Curriculum
Content Only activities, experiences and subjects should be included in the curriculum which are useful to the needs of the student and also meet the future expectations of their adult life. It condemns the principle of cramming and encourages original thinking and freedom to develop social and purposeful attitude.

5 Philosophy on Curriculum
Instruction and learning experiences School of philosophy favors the project method and consider it active and dynamic. Child learn through their own activities and experiences. The teacher only guides and suggests whenever a student needs help. They believe learning by doing. Importance of child and they put a heavy emphasis on activity’s.

6 Philosophy Influences on Curriculum
The key characteristics of pragmatism in education is to apply personal or realistic experiences to a subject to make it more relatable. The curriculum should incorporate the necessary activities, vocation and experiences. Preparing students for adult life through group activities centered around hands on exploration.

7 Philosophy’s Key Terms
Reality Pragmatists believe that reality is constantly changing and that we learn best through applying our experiences and thoughts to problems, as they arise Knowledge Knowledge is unique to the individual. It is up to them to identify what is important and relevant.

8 Philosophy’s Key Terms
Purpose of Education No specific aim of education can be predetermined which holds true and good to all children at all times, places and situations. The goal is to help guide child according to his or her natural interest, aptitude and capacities in the field of academic activities that they grow up and develop ways to successfully achieving a happier life.

9 Roles Teacher and Administrators
Teacher works as a friend and guide to the children. Teacher knows students interest and understanding regarding the conditions of changing society The teacher puts problems in front of students which are interesting and students are expected to solve it. Acts as a facilitator and helps guide students in the right direction. pragmatism believes in social discipline based on child’s interest, activities and sense of social responsibility. It condemns enforced discipline.

10 Roles Students Want experiences to make the learning real for the students. Pragmatists believe that learners should apply their knowledge to real situations through experimental inquiry This prepares students for citizenship, daily living, and future careers.

11 Roles Schools Schools philosophy is having students gain real experiences of actual life which develop social sense and sense of duty towards society and the nation. It is not only a sense of education but a sense of community. Preparing students to be better citizens

12 Pragmatism Aligning with Curriculum
Curriculum as experiences All about what experiences the students will have Education as continues reconstruction of experience Education as growth Education as a social process

13 Historical Context for U.S schools
Has not been very prevalent in the U.S. school system. Most closely related to Progressivism May be being used in some classrooms For instance, take two weeks for a discovery unit

14 Academic Content Standard and Pragmatism
Physical Sciences Students demonstrate an understanding of the composition of physical systems and the concepts and principles that describe and predict physical interactions and events in the natural world.

15 Personal Connections Very similar to progressivism
They have some interesting ideas and concepts Whole school ideal? Aspects can be useful in the classroom.

16 Discussion Questions Do you think it could be used effectively in the classroom? Have you had experiences with this philosophy in your classrooms? Could you see yourself using this philosophy in your classroom?

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