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and Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

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1 and Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia
ANN WARE The Copyright Law and Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

2 Copyright Law Laws designed to protect intellectual property rights and provide potential monetary rewards for inventiveness and hard work. The ease with which material can be copied, digitized, manipulated, incorporated into a presentation and delivered to a mass market has prompted a concern about the adequacy of copyright laws as they apply to the multimedia industry. ANN WARE

3 Copyright Act of 1976 Protects certain kinds of “original works of authorship”—whether published or unpublished Protects works “fixed in any tangible form of expression” ANN WARE

4 The copyright law covers . . .
Literary works (books, poems, software) Musical works, including any accompanying words Dramatic works, including any accompanying music Pantomimes and choreographic works Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works Motion pictures and other audiovisual works Sound recordings Architectural works ANN WARE

5 Does not cover . . . Ideas Facts Titles Names Short phrases
Blank forms ANN WARE

6 Trademarks & Copyrights are Different
A trademark is a name, symbol, or other device identifying a product Trademarks are not covered by the copyright law, but by the Trademark Law Trademarks are frequently marked with a registered trademark symbol--® Example: Coca Cola ®, Nike® ANN WARE

7 How do I obtain a copyright?
You automatically own the copyright to any work you create as soon as it is fixed in a tangible medium. You can indicate ownership by using the expression “copyright by” or the © symbol. You can register for ownership with the U.S. Copyright office; this does provide you with additional legal benefits. ANN WARE

8 Exception to ownership
In the case of works made for hire, the employer and not the employee is considered to be the author. Section 101 of the copyright law defines a “work made for hire” as: A work prepared by an employee within the scope of his or her employment; or A work specially ordered or commissioned for use ANN WARE

9 Rights of the owner You have the right to:
Reproduce the work Distribute copies of the work Make a “derivative” work (make copies or changes from the original) Publicly perform the work Put the work on public display If you perform any of these tasks and are NOT the copyright owner, you are infringing on their rights. Example: copying software, sharing MP3 files, photocopying, uploading materials to websites, etc. ANN WARE

10 What options do we have? Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia Public Domain Royalty-Free Products ANN WARE

11 Fair Use Guidelines Portions, or in some cases the entirety, of copyrighted works may be used Legitimate uses include “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research.” ANN WARE

12 Fair Use Factors For use to fall under the Fair Use guidelines, the following factors must be considered: Purpose and character of use—commercial or non- profit educational purposes The nature of the copyrighted work The amount and substantiality of the portion used The effect of the use upon the potential market value of the product ANN WARE

13 Fair Use Limitations Motion media 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less
Text material 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less Music Photographs / Illustrations 5 images per photographer/ artist; 10% or 15 images from a collective work ANN WARE

14 Credit Your Sources “Educators and students are reminded to credit the sources and display the copyright notice and copyright ownership information ” ANN WARE

15 Public Domain Property rights that belong to the community at large, are unprotected by copyright or patent, and are subject to use by anyone You should have documentation that the item is in public domain before using it Anything published before 1923 Anything created by the U.S. Federal Government Public domain is not the same as freeware or shareware: Freeware: software that is provided without a charge Shareware: copyrighted software that is available free of charge on a trial basis ANN WARE

16 Royalty-free Prepared material that can be used—legally— without paying a fee to the artist, publishing company, etc. Some royalty-free material is available at no cost; however, most material must be purchased. Royalty-free doesn’t necessarily mean FREE—you may have to pay for it. ANN WARE

17 Remember . . . Credit your sources!
When you create a work, you own the rights to that work. Creating projects for the classroom is not necessarily the same as creating projects for competition—know the guidelines. ANN WARE

18 Remember . . . It is permissible to download limited amounts of material for use in a student project, but you can’t download material from one web site and post it to yours. Know that royalty-free doesn’t mean unlimited rights—but it does expand your options There is a difference in personal use, educational use, and the workplace. ANN WARE

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