Presentation on theme: "Warm up Describe a strategy you use to study for tests and quizzes. What works for you personally. Be prepared to share some of these ideas. Keep in."— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm upDescribe a strategy you use to study for tests and quizzes. What works for you personally. Be prepared to share some of these ideas.Keep in mind any games or apps you use.I am looking to brainstorm some of these and help one another.
3 Marbury vs. Madison (1803) Article III Marbury was appointed a judge through the Judiciary Act, Jefferson blockedJudiciary Act unconstitutional, established judicial review
4 McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819) State gov. of Maryland tried to tax the Federal BankRuling:Fed bank is allowed under the N+P ClauseFed government is supreme (supremacy clause)
5 Warm up Name the 5 parts of the first amendment. Which is most important and why?
6 Amending the Constitution 2.7 identify the amendment process
7 The Amendment ProcessDesigned to allow change over time but is difficultStep 1: Proposing2/3 vote in each house of Congress (26 of 27) or 2/3 vote of joint Congress (21st Amendment)2/3 of states in a National convention (like with Constitution Convention)
8 3/4 of State Legislatures (26 of 27) Step Two: Ratifying3/4 of State Legislatures (26 of 27)3/4 of State Conventions (21st Amendment)27th amendment ratified b/w Purple ratified in Yellow ratified twice. Blue ratified between 1978 and green 1992 (passed finally)
9 Bill of rights 2.8 identify the rights in the Bill or Rights
10 Bill of Rights The 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution. Protection FROM governmentProtects basic civil liberties
12 Religion Establishment Clause: Gov can’t recognize and official religionFree Exercise Clause: people can practice freely
13 AssemblyPEACEABLY assemble in groups that we want to associate with
14 PressProtects media from government censorship (restriction) of newspapers, magazines, books, T.V., etc.Government can’t tell you what to read/watch/listen tohttps://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/freedom-press-2014#.VO-HuPnF9K8
15 Petition Right to publicly express personal views and lead for change Where might this be limited and why?
16 SpeechProtects all forms of communication and public expression of beliefsLimits:Slander: spoken lies to damage reputationLibel: written lies to damage reputationObscenityHate speech
18 Protection from the quartering of troops. 3rd AmendmentProtection from the quartering of troops.
19 4th Amendment Guards against unreasonable search & seizures. Police must have probable cause for a search warrantReasonable suspicion allows for a search without a warrant
20 5th AmendmentDouble Jeopardy: Right to not be tried twice for the same crimeGrand Jury: a jury that determines whether or not a person will be formally indicted (accused) of a crime.Self incrimination: Right to remain silentPlead the Fifth”Due Process: Societies basic notions (ideas) of legal fairnessEminent Domain: govt. must pay fair price to take your land
21 6th Amendment Speedy & Public Trial Impartial Jury Right to counsel: attorney or lawyerSelf-RepresentationTo be made aware of chargesTo confront your accuser
22 Right to a jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more 7th AmendmentRight to a jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more
23 8th AmendmentNO Cruel &/or Unusual PunishmentNO Excessive Bail or Fines
24 Rights of The PEOPLE not listed in the constitution. 9th AmendmentRights of The PEOPLE not listed in the constitution.
25 The Reserved powers are protected by this Amendment 10th AmendmentRights of the statesThe Reserved powers are protected by this Amendment
26 The Hand Methodhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82DnWqNKqiI
27 Do You Know Your Rights?You need to identify which amendment and which right in the amendments is being addressed in the scenarios1st, 5th, 6th, all have multiple parts
28 Warm UpBrainstorm as many related terms for the following words: (if you’re not sure, guess!)1. Jim Crow SegregationSuffrage
29 2.9 Identify how the Civil War amendments impact different groups of Americans Identify the amendments that promoted suffrage for various groups of Americans
30 Amendments 11 & 12 11: Places limits on suits against other states. 12: president and VP on same ballot
31 Civil War Amendments (13-15) 13th- ended slavery14th- MOST IMPORTANT AMENDMENTDefines citizenship“equal protection” under the law15th- African American right to vote (suffrage)
32 III. Progressive Era Amendments Sixteenth Amendment: Gives Congress the power to levy an income taxSeventeenth Amendment: Enables voters to elect senators directlyEighteenth Amendment: Prohibits making alcohol or selling alcoholic beverages (prohibition)Nineteenth Amendment: Gives women the right to vote
33 Later AmendmentsTwentieth Amendment: Changes the dates of congressional and presidential termsTwenty-first Amendment: Repeals Prohibition (#18)Twenty-Second Amendment: Limits President to two terms in officeTwenty-Third Amendment: (1961) Gives Residents of D.C. the right to vote
34 Twenty-Fourth Amendment: (1964) eliminates the poll tax – they required voters to pay a sum of money before casting their ballot.Twenty-Fifth Amendment: (1967) Establishes procedures for succession of the president
35 Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Sets voting age at 18 years Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Delays congressional pay raises until the term following their passage
36 Warm UPDoes a student have the right to protest at school using the following shirt? Why or why not? Be ready to defend yourself.Does a school official have the right to search your belongings when you are on campus? Why or why not?
37 Analyze the phrase “The constitution is a living document” 2.11Analyze the phrase “The constitution is a living document”
38 How the Constitution a Living Document? Amendment processthe people can physically change the constitutionBased on popular sovereigntyJudicial reviewThe Supreme Court can change interpretation of the ConstitutionRulings in court casesNo popular sovereignty
39 Engel v. Vitale 1st Amendment Can school administrators encourage school prayer at the start of the day?No school-wide prayer
40 Tinker v. DesMoines 1st Amendment- Freedom of Speech, Petition Can students peaceably protest at school?Students do have the freedom of peaceful (non-interruptive) petition at school
41 Texas v. Johnson 1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech/Expression Can the government stop you from being able to express yourself by burning an American flag?Supreme Court decides that flag burning is Constitutionally protected as “symbolic speech”
42 New Jersey v. TLO 4th Amendment Are searches at school considered “unreasonable”?Searches and seizures are permissible at school without a warranthttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tY4fPF6dijU
43 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 14th Amendment- “Equal Protection Clause” Can states make laws that require segregated public facilities? (schools, bathrooms, etc.)States can require that facilities are “separate, but equal”
44 Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 14th amendment- “Equal protection clause”Was the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson constitutionally correct?“Separate is inherently unequal” – if people are separate they can’t be equal, therefore society must be integrated.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBEz3Ne-zY
45 Modern Controversy The Patriot Act Passed following 9/11 attacks Goes against the Bill of Rights:4th amendment6th speedy trial, attorney privileges,Limits freedom of speech for librarians
47 Gallery Walk For each image: Identify which case it would be related to.Which amendment it is related to.Which right it is related to.There will be a few you may not know the case from today’s notes. Just do parts 2 and 3 for those.