#  Definition: Atoms of the same element that differ in their # of neutrons; therefore, they have different mass numbers.  Nearly every element has isotopes!

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 Definition: Atoms of the same element that differ in their # of neutrons; therefore, they have different mass numbers.  Nearly every element has isotopes!

Hydrogen is the only element whose isotopes have special names.

 Iodine – 128  Iodine – 127  Iodine – 126  128 I 127 I 126 I  What is iodine’s atomic number? These are the mass numbers! !

 The atomic masses that appear on the periodic table are AVERAGE ATOMIC MASSES. In nature, an element’s isotopes will all be present in some amount. The relative amounts of each isotope is determined for an element. The percentages are then multiplied by the mass # for each isotope, then added together to get the AVERAGE ATOMIC MASS!

 The element iodine has three isotopes. In a sample of isotope it is found that 80% is iodine- 127, 17% is iodine-126, and 3% is iodine-128.  What is the average atomic mass of iodine? 1) Change percentages to decimal numbers. 80%  0.80 17%  0.17 3%  0.03

 2) Multiply the decimal number by the corresponding mass number. 0.80 x 127 = 0.17 x 126 = 0.03 x 128 = 101.6 21.42 3.84

 Now add the three numbers together to get the average atomic mass.  101.6 + 21.42 + 3.84 = 126.86 amu

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