Presentation on theme: "Preventing Bullying in Your School"— Presentation transcript:
1 Preventing Bullying in Your School The Core Elements of the Bullying Prevention Unit are:Train ALL staff specifically for their role (administrator, teacher, other support staff)Teach All the Lessons (Second Step and Bullying Prevention Unit lessons)Do the Following Through activities (Positive Classroom Climate Games and Activities, Skill Practice and Reinforcement, Class Meetings)Engage Families (have families complete the Home Links for each lesson)We will go into more detail for each of these core elements next.
3 How serious is the problem in your school? Current research says that 1 in 4 students are bullied and 85% of bullying happens at school.If you think about that in terms of just one classroom of 28, that means that up to 7 children in that room alone are being bullied while at school.If you are a teacher, picture your class. Do you know which students might be the ones who are dealing with bullying behavior on a day in and day out basis. Getting teased, pushed or threatened regularly?For today, think about those students, or even just one student who you would like to help feel safer in school.And, remember, on top of this # we have the % of kids who are doing the bullying and the % of kids who are watching the bullying as bystanders. Those kids need help too.Let’s take a minute and sit with this question.How serious is bullying at your school? Do you know?Have you asked staff and students? What are you noticing?Type your answers in the chat box and we can get a sense of what our group is experiencing at the moment and can help us to tailor the conversation with you today.Answers:My students are involved in cyber bullyingIt only happens at recess when kids are unsupervisedIssues on the bus are getting worseI’ve noticed some students grades have gone way down because they are withdrawnWe get reports from parents and then have to sort it outI have had kids who don’t want to come to class or the lunchroomWe have students who have anger issues and are lashing outYounger kids being teased or pushed around by older kids
4 Overview What Research Says About Preventing Bullying Foundational SEL SkillsBullying PreventionImplementing with FidelityResources and Questions
5 How can you prevent bullying in your school? Train leadership and all staff in bullying preventionBuild a positive climateTeach foundational social-emotional skills(This slide has animation. Question first. Top Row. Bottom Row.)Most educators would agree that bullying is a problem in schools, and that bullying affects children socially, emotionally, and academically. But have you thought about the specific ways you can prevent bullying in your school? Maybe this has been a topic you’ve talked about among your colleagues, or a topic at a district level, or with a parent or community group.We’d like a bit more information about the ideas you or your school community have come up with regarding the specific things you can do to prevent bullying.(share answers as they come in via the chat box)No matter who we talk to or where we go in the country some of the same answers come up. (click so top town comes in and click again for second row)Train leadership and all staff in bullying preventionBuild a positive school climateTeach foundational social-emotional skillsTeach students specific bullying prevention skillsHave clear anti-bullying policies and proceduresAnd engage familiesIt is important for you to think about your own implementation and how you came to be where you are today in order to determine your NEXT STEPS.What are or were your anti-bullying plans for this year?Do you know if you have state mandates for bullying prevention?What are your school/district goals to address bullying?Are you using a researched based program?Think about your implementation story as we go through the presentation today and let us know if you have any questions that are specific to your bullying prevention efforts and experience.Teach students specific bullying prevention skillsHave clear anti-bullying policies and proceduresEngage families
6 teachers reporting fighting as a major problem 35% fewerteachers reporting fighting as a major problem33% lessphysical bullying72% decreasein malicious gossip20% morestaff members reporting that their school is promoting a positive environmentIn addition to the 33% reduction in physical bullying, we also found:35 % fewer teachers reporting fighting as a major problem20 % more staff members reporting that their school is promoting a positive environment and72% decrease in malicious gossip in elementary school students grades 3-6 who participated in 3-month Steps to Respect program.Brown, E. C., Low, S., Smith, B. H., & Haggerty, K. P. (2011). Outcomes from a school-randomized controlled trial of STEPS TO RESPECT: A Bullying Prevention Program. School Psychology Review, 40(3), 423–443.These results showed that the success we found in the upper grades with Steps to Respect could be translated into an updated, whole school approach where children who are participating in the Second Step program beginning as early as Kindergarten could learn specific bullying prevention skills and see similar results with the Bullying Prevention Unit.
7 How Does SEL Prevent Bullying? Social emotional learning involves:“the systematic development of a core set of social and emotional skills that help children more effectively handle life challenges and thrive in both their learning and their social environments.”Teaching SEL leads to positive effectsTo do this, schools should focus on SEL skills. SEL involves…read definitionResearch based curricula in SEL finds that teaching these skills help create physically and emotionally safe school environments and even increase students’ scores on standardized achievement tests. One of the most rigorous evaluations of a bullying prevention program in the US that incorporated SEL skills resulted in powerful effects.The Steps to Respect program developed by CfC for upper elementary grades, teaches SEL skills while raising awareness of bullying and an evaluation showed that the program improved student social competence, positives student and staff responses to bullying, and overall school climate while ultimately reducing physical bullying among students. These findings highlight that social and emotional competence is a key component in combatting bullying.Our SSP (which can be used for EL through grade 8) focuses on core social emotional skills that are particularly important for bullying prevention, including empathy, emotion management, social problem solving, friendship building, and assertiveness.I would now like to turn it over to Mia Doces, who will go over each of these social emotional components and highlight particular elements of the SS curriculum that touches on these SEL skills.
8 SEL Skills That Relate to Bullying Prevention EmpathyEmotion ManagementProblem SolvingFriendship SkillsAssertiveness
9 EmpathyWhat is it?Feeling or understanding what someone else is feelingHow does it help prevent bullying?Victims of Bullying and Children who Bully: Show less empathetic awareness than prosocial childrenBystanders: Empathetic concern toward peers makes them more likely to interveneWhat is taught in the Second Step program?Identify feelingsUnderstand feelings of othersPerspective taking skillsShow care and compassion to othersAddress empathy…intuitively know that children who are doing bullying show less empathy, but research shows that even children who are bullied (as a whole) tend to have lower levels of empathy than pro-social children.
10 Emotion Regulation What is it? Ability to monitor and regulate strong emotions and calm down when upsetHow does it help prevent bullying?Victims of Bullying: 1) More prone to bullying if lack emotion management; 2) Escalate and intensify the bullying by responding with highly emotional reactionsChildren who Bully: More likely to bully if lack emotion-management skillsWhat is taught in the Second Step program?Identify strong feelings and situations that may bring on these emotionsTechniques (such as belly breathing and self-talk) to manage strong feelings
11 Friendship Building What is it? How does it help prevent bullying? Ability to appropriately make friendsHow does it help prevent bullying?Victims of Bullying: Have fewer friends; have at least one good friend are less likely to be bullied by peersChildren who Bully: May have high social status and use this status to impose their power on their victimsBystanders: Report fear of losing social statusWhat is taught in the Second Step program?Play fairly (sharing, taking turns, following rules)Including others, joining a groupTreat peers respectfullyBystanders: When children have insufficient friendship building skills, they may be more reluctant to report or intervene if they see bullying for fear of losing social status
12 Assertiveness What is it? Ability to communicate in a strong, respectful wayHow does it help prevent bullying?Victims of Bullying: Need this skill to stand up for themselves and report bullyingBystanders: Need this skill to be able to stand up for others, report on behalf of others and include othersWhat is taught in the Second Step program?Practice using strong, respectful voiceStand tallFace the person you are speaking to
13 The Key to Prevention : Teach SEL Bullying has significant consequences for all involvedTeaching social emotional learning skills helps with the prevention of bullyingBullying affects a lot of children. Not only does it have consequences for children who are bullied, it also affects children who bully and bystanders as well. In addition, it also influences the school climate and makes it difficult for children to learn.Teaching social-emotional learning skills has been found to be important not only in the healthy development of children, but also lays the foundation to the prevention of bullying. SEL skills can easily be adopted in curricula, as you saw today from our SSP. Teaching these skills not only promotes a safe and positive climate within schools; it crease healthy children who are ready to learn.MIA: what else you can do….
14 A positive classroom climate feels… saferespectfulTo create a positive classroom climate, which is essential for bullying prevention, the Bullying Prevention Unit and the Second Step program both include ways to foster a positive classroom environment that is safe, respectful and nurturing.To help classrooms feel safe: We need to develop and reinforce classroom rules. In the Introductory Lesson we address this topic through fun group classroom activities and games. There are also Class Meeting topics (on secondstep.org) that specifically work on reinforcing the rules an norms that promote a safe feeling for all.To create a respectful climate: We need to promote positive peer relationships, where students have daily practice noticing and reinforcing positive interactions between peers. And, we can encourage positive interactions through planned relationship-building activities that are included on the Following Through Cards).To create a nurturing environment: We can encourage positive relationships with all students by including activities to get to know students and what is happening in their lives outside of school. There are also classroom meeting exercises to help with skill-practice to demonstrate warmth and inclusiveness with your face, body, and words each day.nurturing
15 Bullying affects a lot of children Bullying affects a lot of children. Not only does it have consequences for children who are bullied, it also affects children who bully and bystanders as well. In addition, it also influences the school climate and makes it difficult for children to learn.Teaching social-emotional learning skills has been found to be important not only in the healthy development of children, but also lays the foundation to the prevention of bullying. SEL skills can easily be adopted in curricula, as you saw today from our SSP. Teaching these skills not only promotes a safe and positive climate within schools; it crease healthy children who are ready to learn.MIA: what else you can do….
16 Staff Training + Skills for Students The Core Elements of the Bullying Prevention Unit are:Train ALL staff specifically for their role (administrator, teacher, other support staff)Teach All the Lessons (Second Step and Bullying Prevention Unit lessons)Do the Following Through activities (Positive Classroom Climate Games and Activities, Skill Practice and Reinforcement, Class Meetings)Engage Families (have families complete the Home Links for each lesson)We will go into more detail for each of these core elements next.
17 Committee for Children Definition of Bullying Bullying is intentional negative behavior that is repeated and involves an imbalance of social or physical power.So the definition of bullying that CfC operates with is…read definition.There are several aspects of this definition that I would like you to particularly pay attention to.First, bullying is intentional. It is behavior that is done on purpose, that is thought out. Sometimes it’s hard to determine intent, you may not be intending to hurt someone, you may be doing something to make your friends laugh. But the impact on that individual is hurtful.Next, it is behavior that is repeated, so this negative behavior is consistently done to somebody.Next, it involves an imbalance of power. A child who bullies uses this behavior to gain social or physical power over someone.And lastly, what you don’t see reflected in this definition, but is an important component of bullying, is that it impacts multiple individuals, which is what we will be discussing next.Discuss: Repeated, power, intent, impact
18 Train All Staff The first core element is Train All Staff. Before the Bullying Prevention Unit lessons are taught to students, and bullying reports start coming in all adults need to be trained first.The teacher and staff training is focused on:healthy student and staff relationshipsrelationships with familiessupport for effective teaching of the unitand instruction on how to recognize, respond to, and report bullying situations.The online training element of the program providesresources and specific training to help staff work effectively both with students who bully and those who are bullied.
19 Principals and Program Coordinators All School StaffThe training modules are role-based.Module 1 is for principals and program coordinators (45-60 minutes to complete),Module 2 is for all staff in the building (administrators, teachers, counselors, cafeteria workers, bus drivers, instructional assistants, tutors etc. – and takes minutes to complete), andModule 3 is specifically for staff who are teaching the lessons (75-90 minutes to complete).Some staff will be trained in more than one module.The training is an online, interactive, individual experience that can be completed as many times by as many people as needed in your school for one full year.The training includes opportunities to practice skills, check for understanding, and track completion.Let’s look at each unit in bit more in depth.Teachers and Counselors
20 Principals and Program Coordinators Topics:Understanding the adult-student relationshipUnderstanding and communicating policies and proceduresCommunicating with familiesModule 1 is for principals and program coordinators:This module trains principals and program coordinators on:Understanding why adult-student relationships matterLearning about important components of policies and procedures and how to communicate policies and procedures to your staffPracticing how to communicate with familiesLearning the importance of schoolwide implementationNote: Research says that school leadership is a significant driver for success.Think of any other curriculum implementation that was successful, why did it work? Most likely it is because the leadership of the school made it a priority.Staff and students feel supported and your community knows that bullying is not accepted at your school and you are doing something.
21 All School Staff Topics: Recognizing bullying Responding to bullying Reporting bullyingMaking a planTeachers tend to underestimate the extent and severity of bullying in their school.We also know that teachers think they intervene more than they actually do.The gap between what teachers think and what students experience can significantly impact bullying prevention efforts, highlighting the importance of staff training.We know that staff usually have the best intentions, but they really may not know the best way to handle bullying, and their efforts may not be consistent school-wide.Module 2 is for All StaffTeaches ALL staff to:Recognize suspicious cases of bullying and differentiate bullying from conflictRespond effectively to reported or suspicious cases of bullyingKnow how to report bullying through the proper channels at your schoolPractice making a plan for both the child doing the bullying and the child being bulliedWe know that if a student makes a bullying report even one time and it falls on deaf ears, that student will most likely never make a report again, so we want EVERY adult ready to take a report and respond.Every staff in the building can benefit from learning the same definitions, strategies, and language around bullying.Training ALL staff takes the guess work out of how to recognize, respond, and report no matter what their role might be.
22 Teachers and Counselors Topics:Teaching skills to kidsFollowing throughInvolving familiesModule 3 is for Teachers and Counselors who are teaching the lessons.In this module, staff will:Explore the student lesson notebookGet tips on teaching the lessonsLearn the importance of following throughReceive guidance on involving familiesThe third module of training focuses on preparing staff to teach the lessons with fidelity:Like the Second Step program, the Bullying Prevention Unit is easy to teach;the lessons are scriptedthe video and lesson materials are engagingand teachers will find that students respond positivelyThis module also includes demonstration videos, giving staff the opportunity to see how it works before trying it out.
23 Teach All LessonsThe second core element of the Bullying Prevention Unit is to Teach All Lessons.
24 Program Skills and Topics Skills for learningEmpathyEmotion managementProblem solvingFriendship skillsThe topics taught in Second Step for K-5 are:Skills for Learning (NEW for 4th edition, and teaches self-regulation skills),Empathy,Emotion Management (expanded from Anger Management), andProblem Solving and Friendship skillsWhat’s important to know is that each of the topics/units, and the lessons in them build on each other and give students opportunities to practice each skill before they move on.Can you remember what you typed in the chat box earlier for the necessary skills students need? Many of these sound familiar~!
25 The Bullying Prevention Unit teaches kids how to: Be safe and respectfulRecognize bullyingReport bullyingRefuse bullyingBe a bystander who helps stop bullyingAs you saw in the video, the Bullying Prevention Unit teaches kids how to be safe and respectful, recognize bullying, report bullying, refuse bullying, and be a bystander who helps stop bullying.The Bullying Prevention Unit is designed to prevent bullying by changing multiple levels of the school environment through intervention components that affect schools and classrooms, peer norms and behavior, and individual attitudes, norms, and skills.Lets watch another video and see some sample lessons of the 3 Rs being taught in real classrooms.(additional notes on the research)This approach is based on the Social-Ecological Model. This social-ecological approach has strong support in the bullying prevention field (Espelage & Swearer, 2003) and is also the foundation for our Steps to Respect program. The different components of the Second Step program and the Bullying Prevention Unit combine to influence the levels of the school social ecology in a variety of ways.
26 Follow Through The third core element is Following Through. To maximize the effectiveness of the Bullying Prevention Unit lessons, the Following Through cards that are included with each lesson provide suggestions and instruction for promoting a positive classroom climate, and reinforcing and practicing skills between individual lessons.
27 It’s important for students to practice outside of lesson time to help with a transfer of learning. We want these skills to be applied to real-life situations as much as possible.Included in the Following Through cards Lesson Concepts, Using Skills Every Day, Lesson Connections and Building a Positive Classroom Climate Activities :Lesson Concepts and Using Skills Every Day: Gives teachers guidance on how to have students Anticipate, Reinforce, and Reflect on each lesson’s concepts and skills in times outside of the lesson itself. These are scripted and easy-to-follow questions and prompts to help students relate the skills to everyday life.Lesson Connections which are Reflection and Skill Practice: Each lesson includes activities that prompt students to reflect (such as reflective writing or drawing to show their understanding) and practice (like role-playing relevant scenarios).Building a Positive Classroom Climate Activities: Positive Behavior Reinforcement, Games and Activities, and class meeting topics.Next we’ll show a video example of a teacher using the following through activities.
28 Engage FamiliesThe last core element is to Engage Families.
29 Engaging Families Letter home to families Clear and consistent policies and proceduresTraining staff to work with familiesInforming families about your effortsWe know that our children come to school from a variety of backgrounds and home settings. And while it’s true that in order to give them the best support possible we need to be sure to include families in their social-emotional learning, this is especially true with a tough topic like bullying.Parents’ and caregivers’ own personal experiences and educational background can often influence how parents think about bullying and what they think their child can do about it. By including families, we hope to bring the common language and research-based strategies of bullying prevention to children’s lives outside of school.And, when families ask, “What are you doing about bullying?” Sending home the Family Letters and Home Links is a good way to show concretely what your school is doing to prevent bullying.Included in the Bulling Prevention Unit:Family Letter that provides an overview of the topics and skills you’ll be teaching and includes an activation key that will unlock family resources on SecondStep.org.The Families tab on SecondStep.org provides families with information and activities they can do with their child related to bullying prevention.Home Links that correspond to each lesson and reinforce the skills and concepts at home. Home Links can be copied from the student lesson notebook and sent home or accessed as PDFs on SecondStep.org There is a place for an adult signature if that is helpful for accountability of completion.
30 Example of the Home Link Same format as the Second Step Home Links
31 Q & ACall: Visit:FAQsWhat should I do if I’m already teaching StR?How do I fit teaching the BPU lessons in with the Second Step lessons?Can I just buy the unit?Can this be used with 3rd edition of Second Step?Is there a way for administrators to track on who has completed the training?Others?How much is it?We’re here to help!
33 Pricing Second Step Bullying Prevention Unit K–3 (Online Training + K–3 Lesson Notebooks)$2,499 $2,299Ships now. Special pricing ends 4/30/14.K–5 (Online Training + K–5 Lesson Notebooks)$2,699 $2,449Pre-order now. Ships in April. Special pricing ends 6/30/14.Second Step Program BundleKindergarten, Grades 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Kits$1,829 Save $185!We know that pricing is a question that is often asked so here’s a look at the prices for the Bullying Prevention Unit and for the Second Step program. The Bullying Prevention Unit packages you see here include one lesson notebook per grade and access to the online interactive staff training for one year.You’ll see that the K-3 bundle is available now, and K-5 is available for pre-order with delivery in April. We are excited to pass along some really great savings right now, so if you are working on your budgets for next year, this is a great time to take advantage of discounts until 6/30/2014.At the bottom you see the pricing for one curriculum kit per grade level for K-5 for the Second Step prgram as well for those that are not already teaching it, and offers some bundle pricing savings as well.