2 What is Inclusion?“Supporting families and children, regardless of ability, to participate in a broad range of activities and contexts as full members of families, communities, and society.”
3 What is Inclusion? Learning together Providing supports Belonging Material supportsTeacher supportBelongingOpportunity to reach abilitiesMake friendsFeel valuedPart of community
4 Least Restrictive Environment Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)Students with disabilities should have the chance to be educated with their typically developing peers, whenever possible.Different for different studentsEvaluated regularly
5 Evidence Base Behind Inclusion Benefits Students with DisabilitiesMore time on instructionMore engagedMore socialGain more knowledgeLearn self-help skillsPositive long-term outcomes (employment and independent living)
6 Evidence Base Behind Inclusion Benefits Typically Developing StudentsAccept differencesAware of others’ needsHelpfulNo difference in instructional timeMs. Shavonne will share more of these exciting benefits!
9 1.Families’ visions of a typical life for their children can come true. All parents want their children to be accepted by their peers, have friends and lead carefree lives. Inclusive settings can make this vision a reality for many children with disabilities.
10 2.Children develop a positive understanding of themselves and others. Respect and understanding grows when children of different abilities and cultures play and learn together. When children attend classes that reflect the similarities and differences of people in the real world, they learn to appreciate diversity.
11 3.Positive Friendships develop. Children with and without disabilities learn with and from each other in inclusive classes. Schools are important places for children to develop friendships and learn social skills.
12 4. Children learn important academic skills. In inclusive classrooms, children with and without disabilities are expected to learn to read, write and do math. With higher expectations and good instruction children with disabilities learn academic skills.
13 4. Children learn important academic skills continued All students in the classroom will receive support from the general education teacher, the special education teacher and service providers such as speech, occupational and physical therapists . Some examples of how this would look during the school day are:- Physical and/or occupational therapist joining us during gym and playground time to teach a fun activity.- Speech therapist teaching students new songs and participating in classroom read aloud and independent reading activities.- On going team meetings to discuss the progress of the students and to brainstorm activities that are beneficial to all students.
14 5. All children learn by being together. Because the philosophy of inclusive education is aimed at helping all children learn, everyone in the class benefits. Children learn at their own pace and style within a nurturing learning environment.
15 NAEYC/DEC Position Statement DefinitionAccessLearning Opportunities for all childMeets every child’s needsParticipationAll children will be able to participate in classroomHave necessary supportsEx. special chair for postureSupportsStaff developmentTherapy in SchoolCommunication with Families
16 Recommendations High Expectations from every child both Special needs and typically developingPhilosophy on inclusionExplained in this presentation tonightPrinciple of Natural Proportions10-15% of class is made upof special needs students
17 Common Questions Answered Will children who are typically developing imitate behaviors?Will children be injured by them?Will child’s learning be hindered?
18 Will children who are typically developing imitate behaviors? It is possible, children do tend to imitate one another at this ageWe have tools to prevent undesirable behaviorsFirst find the sourceSecond use behavior plans to decrease and eventually eliminatethe behaviorEx. Positive Reinforcement
19 Will children be injured by them? Special needs does not mean dangerousChildren explore environment and are accident prone in generalTwo teachers leads to more supervision in the classroom
20 Will child’s learning be hindered? Typical students becomeMore TolerantMore CaringMore UnderstandingMore willing to ask for help and help their peersBoth Groups of students develop strong scoial relationships and reach great academic success
21 The Roles of Various Disciplines in the Inclusive Setting Inclusive teaching assumes a responsibility for acknowledging the multiple perspectives that are accepted in our discipline and to supporting students in using those different disciplines to develop and learnPromote collaborative approach to teaching
22 Multi-Disciplinary Approach The presence of multiple disciplines allows for a variety of ways to represent ideas so they are accessible to student from different backgrounds and allows them to express themselves in different ways.
23 Related Disciplines General Education Teacher Special Education TeacherSpeech-Language PathologistsSchool PsychologistsPhysical TherapistsOccupational TherapistsParentsCommunityThese disciplines have a vital role in supporting the education of students with disabilities in inclusive education environments.
24 What does it all mean?Generally, classrooms have been staffed by a lead teacher and maybe a para or teacher’s assistantStudents now have more needs then ever, they need other types of professionals involved in order to gain best possible educationProfessionals work together in planning, development, and implementation**Note: never undermining lead teacher in the room, collaborative work!**
25 Advantages of including various disciplines the classroom Multi-disciplinary involves various professionals equallyMore focused, differentiated learningRelationships with students and familiesUnique combination of knowledge and experience
26 If you have any questions, please let us know! Thank you for joining us!