Presentation on theme: "F AMILIES, K INSHIP, & D ESCENT Chapter 10. N UCLEAR F AMILY Term nuclear is used in its general meaning referring to a central entity or "nucleus" around."— Presentation transcript:
N UCLEAR F AMILY Term nuclear is used in its general meaning referring to a central entity or "nucleus" around which others collect. Parents, Siblings, & Children Important in industrialized & foraging nations Family of Orientation – Family in which one is born & grows up. Family of Procreation – Nuclear family is established when one marries & has children
E XTENDED F AMILY Include distant kin… uncles, aunts, cousins, grandparents, in-laws, etc. Extended Family Households – Occurs when three or more generations live together Often (but not exclusively) occurs in regions in which economic conditions make it difficult for the nuclear family to achieve self-sufficiency
D ESCENT G ROUPS system of acknowledged social parentage (varies from society to society) whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another common ancestry has special influence when rights to succession, inheritance, or residence follow kinship lines.
L INEAGES Descent group reckoned through two ways… only one parent, either the father or the mother Very popular before 1950 flexible, neither patrilineal nor matrilineal Trace their common ancestry to a single person. Can recite names of past generations related to them May comprise any number of generations but commonly is traced through some 5 or 10.
CLANS Don’t trace the actual genealogical links between themselves and that ancestor. Can apply to various groups (medieval, modern Scots), meaning a connected group of people, usually relatives. It can represent a tribal relationship. Have more members and cover larger geographic region Many societies have both lineages and clans
K IN T YPES VS. K IN T ERMS Kin Types – Actual genealogical relationship Kin Terms – Words used for different relatives in a particular language. Example – father’s brother = type uncle = term Ego = means “I” or “Me” in Latin from a particular person’s perspective
K INSHIP S YMBOLS F = Father M = Mother S = Son D = Daughter B = Brother Z = Sister C = Child H = Husband W = Wife Example: Aunt Nicole Father’s Sister FZ Lineal Kinship Terminology = Four parental kin terms M, F, FB=MB, & MZ = FZ Collateral Relative= Relative outside ego’s direct line B, Z, FB, MZ