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Copy and Answer all 4 questions

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1 Copy and Answer all 4 questions
Bell Ringer Copy and Answer all 4 questions What does religion mean to you? *religion is something one believes in and follows devotedly *religion usually has some form of “higher power” Why do you think religion causes so many conflicts and wars in the world when it is supposed to promote peace? What religion are you? Why do you practice that religion?

2 Essential Questions: World Religions Copy All questions – 2 line spacing
What religious traditions developed in ancient civilizations? What were essential beliefs of Judaism? How did Judaism influence Western civilization? What were the essential beliefs of the early Christian faith and how did it spread? Why was the caste system central to Indian culture? What are characteristics of the Hindu religion? What are the characteristics of Buddhism? Why were Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism important in the formation of Chinese culture? Explain the different ways in which Confucianism and Daoism thought the people should live their lives. How did Islam continue the traditions of Christianity and Judaism? Where did the Islamic religion originate and where did it spread? What are the beliefs, traditions, and customs of Islam?

3 Essential Vocabulary: World Religions 2 line spacing
Roman Empire Hinduism Buddhism Reincarnation Caste system Buddha Buddhist 4 Noble Truths Eightfold Path Confucianism Daoism Harmony with nature Islam Muslims 5 Pillars of Islam Mecca Monotheism Polytheism  Hebrews Judaism Torah Jews Israel Christianity Ten Commandments Christians Bible Jesus Paul Byzantine Empire 

4 The Five Major Religions
Copyright © 2002 Glenna R. Shaw and FTC Publishing All Rights Reserved

5 By the Numbers: Compare and Contrast
1.9 billion people 325 million Christianity Buddhism 1.1 billion Islam Judaism Hinduism 800 million 18 million



8 Judaism Today there are over 18 million followers of Judaism scattered throughout the world. A large number of those people live in the Jewish nation of Israel. Over six million live in the United States.

9 Judaism JUDAISM is a religion of just one people: the Jews. JUDAISM was the first to teach belief in only one God. Two other important religions developed from Judaism: Christianity and Islam.

10 Judaism Jews think that God will send a Messiah (a deliverer) to unite them and lead them in His way. Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah. The Jewish people do not agree; they anticipate His arrival in the future. Judaism teaches that death is not the end and that there is a world to come.

11 Judaism The "Torah," the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, is the most important Jewish scripture. It contains the basic laws of Judaism. The Jewish house of worship is called a synagogue. Rabbis (spiritual leaders) conduct services, act as interpreters of Jewish laws, and deliver sermons.

12 Jewish Philosophy God is one and unique God is the creator
God is transcendent God is lawgiver God is personal We have the obligation to worship The Torah is God's law God is judge The Messiah will come.

13 Round the Clock What have you learned today about religions?
Round the clock exit activity

14 Christianity The early Hebrews who eventually developed into the Jewish religion became the foundation of Christianity. Ten Commandments – brought to earth by Moses for the Jews during the Exodus.

15 Christian Beliefs Jesus, or the Messiah, was a Jewish boy who disagreed with some of the Jewish principles of his day began to profess a new way of thinking. This eventually led to the beginning of the Christian religion.

16 Christian Beliefs Christianity started about 2000 years ago about the same time of Jesus. The central point of Christian belief is that God, the Father, entered into human history as the Son, Jesus of Nazereth, and arose as the Holy Spirit. 

17 Christian Beliefs God is the Creator of the universe. There is one God, Who is Three  Persons- Holy Trinity Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Jesus is both fully man and fully God.  He was born of the Virgin Mary Crucified, resurrected from the dead, and ascended to the Father.

18 Christian Beliefs Sin and Evil are realities in our existence. Heaven and Hell. All believers are promised life everlasting = Salvation Bible – Holy book of Christians that contains the old and new testaments. The leader of Christianity was Jesus, and the followers were his 12 disciples.

19 Spread of Christianity
Paul – follower of Christ who spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire and started the early church. Map pages 38-39*

20 Round the Clock What have you learned today about religions?
Round the clock exit activity

21 Bell Ringer Using the map book, pages answer the following questions within your notes. 1. When and Where did Hinduism develop? 2. What do Hindus believe?

22 Hinduism HINDUISM is one of the world's oldest religions.
Over 2/3's of the world's Hindus live in India; large numbers reside in Africa also. Hindus are polytheistic, numbering into the thousands. They recognize one supreme spirit called Brahman ("the Absolute.")

23 Hinduism Hinduism has many sacred books, the oldest being a series called the "Vedas.“ Traditional Hindu society was divided into groups This was known as the "caste system." Copy

24 Hindu The goal of Hindus is to someday join with Brahman.
Until that union takes place, believers are in a continuous process of rebirth called "reincarnation."

25 Hindu At death, the Hindu's deeds (karma) determine what the next life will be. Followers work to break this cycle--birth, death, re-birth-- (referred to by writers as the "Wheel of Life") and gain release. The Hindu's soul then merges with Brahman in a condition of spiritual perfection (moksha).

26 Hinduism

27 Round the Clock What have you learned today about religions?
Round the clock exit activity

28 Buddhism Buddhism is the world's oldest universal religion and it is the second fastest growing religion.    


30 Buddhism Founding person of Buddhism is Siddhartha Guatama, the Buddha
The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk who remains the leader of the Tibetans. Buddhism is a major religion in China, Japan, India, and Tibet.

31 The Major Philosophy of Buddhism
Love: without conditions Compassion: or feeling at one with the person who is suffering Sympathetic Joy:Celebrate the happiness of others, and do not resent their good fortune. Impartiality: Treat everyone equally, and do not use others for personal gain or to win approval.

32 The Major Philosophy of Buddhism
Buddhism states that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth called reincarnation. Each person's position in life is determined by his or her behavior in the previous life. This is known as their "karma" (also a Hindu belief).

33 Round the Clock What have you learned today about religions?
Round the clock exit activity

34 Islam ISLAM is the name given to the religion preached by the prophet Muhammad in the 600s A. D. The Islamic religion started in the area known as Palestine in the year 600A.D. It has about 1.1 billion followers, most of them in the region called the Middle East.

35 Islam The holy book of Islam is the "Koran." Muslims believe its words to be those of Allah himself, spoken to Muhammad by an angel. Allah, is the Islamic God. People who believe these ideas are called Muslims.

36 Islamic Philosophy Muslims learn that life on earth is a period of testing and preparation for the life to come. Angels record good and bad deeds. People should behave themselves and help others, trusting in Allah's justice and mercy for their reward.

37 Islam Muslims pray five times daily in their mosques (churches).
While praying, they face the holy city of Mecca (in Saudi-Arabia) and sometimes kneel with faces to the ground. All Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage (trip to a sacred place) to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.

38 Round the Clock What have you learned today about religions?
Round the clock exit activity

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