Presentation on theme: "The “Big Stick” America 1901- 1917. Why a Changes in Foreign Policy? US new world power Foreign policy was a realm for President to expand his power."— Presentation transcript:
T. R.’ s Foreign Policy Beliefs Civilized vs. Uncivilized Civilized – white, strong industrial strength Uncivilized – non white, raw materials Economic Relationship between the 2 was vital to both Therefore, civilized nation had right to intervene.
NEW FOREIGN POLICY: ROOSEVELT COROLLARY and BIG STICK POLICY
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905. Roosevelt Corollary: The US will oppose and use force if necessary, to prevent European intervention in the Western Hemisphere
Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power
What is “The Big Stick” Policy? In Latin America, US unwilling to share trading rights, military control with any other nations. Idea is to police the small debtor nations that had unstable governments, so there would be no intrusions from European nations.
How are each of the following examples of the “Big Stick” policy? Great White Fleet Venezuela Panama Canal Dominican Republic Platt Amendment to Cuban Constitution
Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” Improve financial opportunities for American businesses. Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests. Ex. Nicaragua
Progressing Foreign Policy Original Monroe Doctrine - warned Europe from expanding influence in Latin America Roosevelt Corollary – US has right to exercise international police power in Western Hemisphere 1913, Wilson brought MORAL tone to the Monroe Doctrine
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” The U. S. should be the conscience of the world. Spread democracy. Promote peace. Condemn colonialism. Despite US interests.
Examples of Wilson’s Moral Diplomacy Dominican Republic Haiti Dutch West Indies Mexico