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Online Services Chapter 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Online Services Chapter 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Online Services Chapter 9

2 Learning Objectives Describe the major features of the online service sector Discuss current trends in the following online industries: financial services travel services career services legal services

3 The Service Sector Largest and most rapidly expanding part of the economies in advanced industrial nations In the US, the service sector (broadly defined) employs about four out of every five workers and accounts for about 75% of all economic activity E-commerce in the service sector offers extraordinary opportunities to deliver information, knowledge, and transaction efficiencies

4 What are Services? Service occupations are “concerned with performing tasks” Two service categories include: Transaction brokers “hands-on” services Transaction brokering involves acting as an intermediary to facilitate a transaction In hands-on services the service provider and client need to interact directly Which of the categories has been most impacted by e-commerce?

5 Service Industry Groups
The major service industry groups are: Finance, insurance, real estate Travel Legal and accounting, and business services Health services Educational services In this chapter we will focus on characteristics and trends in the three of the largest, and most successful, online transaction brokering industries Online financial services Online travel services Online career services

6 Online Financial Services
The online financial services sector is a shining example of an e-commerce success store, but one with many twists and turns Innovative, pure-online firms such as E*Trade have transformed the brokerage industry Impacts on large, powerful banking, insurance, and real estate firms have been delayed by consumer resistance and lack of industry innovation For instance, online-only banks have not displaced or transformed traditional banks

7 Online Financial Consumer Behavior
Surveys show that consumers are attracted to financial sites because of their desire to save time and access information Most online consumers use financial services sites for mundane financial management, such as checking balances on existing accounts Once accustomed, consumers move on to more sophisticated capabilities such as using personal financial management tools, making loan payments, and considering offers from online institutions The number of people using mobile devices for financial service needs is also surging

8 Financial Portals and Account Aggregators
Online financial services also enable some new services that would be more difficult to perform offline Financial portals provide consumers with comparison shopping services, independent financial advice, and financial planning Account aggregators pull together all of a customer’s financial (and even nonfinancial) data at a single personalized Web site

9 Online Travel Services
Online travel is one of the most successful B2C e-commerce segments Today, more travel is booked online than offline Online travel services revenues are expected to grow to almost $170 billion in 2017 Travel services appear to be an ideal service for the Internet It is information intensive and requires significant consumer research Travel requirements can be accomplished online Travel service sites do not require any “inventory” Suppliers are highly fragmented and often have excess capacity Major sectors include airline tickets, hotel reservations, car rentals, and travel packages

10 Online Travel Industry Dynamics
Because much of what travel agency sites offer is a commodity, and thus they face the same costs, competition among online providers is intense Price competition is difficult because shoppers, as well as online site managers, can comparison shop easily Therefore, competition among sites tends to focus on scope of offerings, ease of use, payment options, and personalization Some industry trends include: Consolidation to build stronger multi-channel sites Impacted by meta-search engines that scour the Web for the best prices on travel and lodging Use of mobile devices and apps is increasing

11 Online Career Services
Next to travel services, one of the Internet’s most successful online services has been job services Online job market is dominated by two large players – CareerBuilder and Monster The top sites generate more than $1 billion annually in revenue from employers’ fees and consumer fees A 2013 survey found that around 70% of US Internet users had looked for jobs online LinkedIn is also becoming an increasingly important player in this market Recruitment market segments (Table 9.7) General recruitment sites Executive search sites Niche job sites

12 Online Career Services Trends
Trends for in the online recruitment services industry include the following: Consolidation – industry dominated by two sites Diversification – explosion of specialty niche sites Localization Job search engines/aggregators Social networking Mobile

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