Presentation on theme: "Fire and Ice by Robert Frost"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fire and Ice by Robert Frost Interrogating Poetry with TPCASTT
2 Fire and Ice by Robert Frost Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice. From what I’ve tasted of desire I side with those who favor fire. But if I had to perish twice, 5 I think I know enough of hate To say that for destruction ice Is also great And would suffice.Notice the “5” this is a marker to assist readers writers as they discuss poetry. It gives them something to quickly anchor themselves to.
3 Review of TPCASTT Strategy: T – TitleP – ParaphraseC – Connotations (the images, figurative language, word choices, allusions, symbols)A – AttitudeS – ShiftT – Title (again)T - THEME
4 Initial Title Analysis and Predictions: Fire and IceOppositesWhy are these words in a title together?What might you predict the poem will be about?HINT:Be sure to know all meanings of words in titlesConsider how the words in a title relate you each other, other literary works, you, and the world
5 Time to Paraphrase: HINT: To Paraphrase: Be sure to look up any words you don’t know.Put into your own words lines or entire stanzas from the poem.Don’t be fooled by a short poem. Sometimes those short poems are full of ideas.Some say the world will end in fire,Some say in ice.From what I’ve tasted of desireI side with those who favor fire.To Paraphrase:The speaker believes fire and desire are related. From previous experience with desire, the author thinks the world will end in fire.
6 Paraphrasing cont’d:Paraphrase: The author relates hat e with ice and has experienced enough hate to know that it could also destroy the world.But if I had to perish twice, 5 I think I know enough of hate To say that for destruction ice Is also great And would suffice.
7 Connotations:HINT: Consider the emotional meanings of words, phrases, images, allusions, figurative language, symbolism. Make connections among and between words.Fire is a symbol for desireIce a symbol for hateThe author’s connections imply that these emotions can end the world.These words are also opposites yet they both will end the world.This is a paradox (a contradictory yet true statement), and the author shows us that these extremes can both have the same result.
8 Connotations (cont’d): “suffice”The last word of the last line seems understated compared to the topic of the world ending. The speaker sounds “matter of fact” about the causes of the ending.HINT:Look for sarcasm, understatement, and hyperbole to determine emotional connections to topics.
9 Attitude:HINT: Attitude is how the speaker feels about the topic. What exactly is the topic?The speaker’s attitude seems to be nonchalant and matter-of-fact about this conundrum.The attitude connotes a sense of inevitability about the end of the world because desire and hate are common human emotions.
10 Shift:A shift occurs in this poem when the author moves from the perspective of “some” to “I”. The shift implies a personal connection and knowledge of how things will end.HINT: Look for changes in meter, rhyme scheme, topic, point of view, setting.
11 Title (again): Fire and Ice Construed as destructiveDoes the title really imply the end of the world?Or the end of something else—maybe a relationship?HINT: Think about how the title now has connections to the connotations and attitude in the poem.
12 ThemeHINT:If you are struggling to understand a message, put it together like this:1. Topic (destruction)2. Topic phrase (destruction from fire and ice)3. Theme: Relationships can end from wanting too much or from hating too much.Relationships can be destroyed by wanting something too much (desire) or by hating something too much.This has been connected explicitly to the end of the world (international relations)Implicitly connected to personal relationships through shift in point of view
13 Conclusion:T- TitleP- ParaphraseC- ConnotationsA- AttitudeS- ShiftT- Title (againT- ThemeDo you feel this strategy is an effective way to understand the meaning of a poem?