Objective: Understand how to measure using a standard ruler. Every art student must learn how to use a ruler, not just for drawing straight lines but for making correct measurements. The key is to understand all those little markings on the ruler. The standard English ruler is divided into inches (starting at zero). Each inch is divided in half. Each half is divided in half to give you quarters. Each quarter is divided in half to give you eighths (many rulers divide again to give you sixteenths). Supplies: pencil, paper, ruler, 2 -D images to measure 01” 2 1 4 1 4 3 8 1 8 3 8 5 8 7 1616 1 1616 3 1616 5 1616 7 1616 9 1616 11 1616 1 3 1616 15
Objective: Develop eye/hand coordination, scissor control, precise measuring, clean gluing technique Cut out 32 triangles (16 of one color, 16 of another color). Create a square pattern. All pieces must fit together perfectly and have no left over pencil marks. Supplies: One 12”x 12” poster board (backing), two pieces 8”x8” Poster Board (2 colors), scissors, ruler, pencil, glue.
Objective: Develop eye/hand coordination, precise measuring, clean painting or coloring technique Each student will draw or paint a square using 32 triangles (16 of one color, 16 of another color). They must be colored cleanly with straight lines and show no left over pencil marks. Supplies: 12”x12” drawing paper, watercolor, acrylic or marker, ruler, pencil.
Objective: Develop eye/hand coordination, copying skills Use an interior cut out of a shape as a viewfinder. Lay it over a photo or painting and use tracing paper to copy what you see. Re-copy that drawing over and over each on a separate piece of paper so that they touch in the same place each time. You will need to think about mirror images and rotation. Supplies: Drawing, photo or painting, drawing paper, tracing paper, watercolor, acrylic, colored pencils or marker, pencil.
Objective: Understand how varied line quality enhances the dynamics of an image. Varying the line quality (thick, thin, light, dark) allows you to describe textures, movement, light, space, etc. Using many different kinds of lines in your drawing can also add visual interest. How interesting can a drawing be if everything is the same? In the drawing below notice how Rembrandt uses varying types of line to add visual interest to this simple landscape. Supplies: Drawing pencil (not mechanical), paper, subject
Objective: Learn to draw clean clear and consistently If I had a nickel for every time I’ve heard that complaint I would be retired and living in a mansion in Florida. The truth is, drawing or painting a straight line (or anything else) is just a matter of practice AND some simple drawing techniques. Supplies: pencil or marker, paper Start with basic shapes and lines then move up to more complicated shapes and images. Practice using the little finger as a guide to support the hand as you draw. When you do these exercises do not draw by moving your wrist. Draw by moving from the elbow. Once you start, continue the movement till the end. Do not hesitate or start and stop. PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE
Value contrast is a powerful technique that will dramatically improve your drawings. Most beginning artists create drawings that are too light or have an overall sameness of value. Use the “squint test” to determine the areas of light, medium and dark value on your image Objective: Understand how value improves the quality of a drawing Supplies: pencils (H, B, 2 B), paper
Objective: Learn to recognize the basic shapes that make up all objects and images A basic method to learn how to draw any object is to break it down into simple shapes. Draw these in lightly at first to get the general outline of what you want. Later you can clean up the sketch to create a more refined image. Do these rough practice sketches without worrying too much about the pencil marks and you'll learn to draw the finished piece more realistically. Supplies: pencil and paper
Objective: Learn to control the tool and media through precise repetition of simple shapes and designs Practice precise, uniform textures and strokes. It is important to have uniformity of shape, line and size Supplies: pencil or markers, ruler, paper
Objective: Develop coordination and a steady hand Work with a partner or team to build a house of cards to a minimum of three tiers high Supplies: new deck of cards, flat surface This practice will require cooperation, sharing of responsibilities and a good deal of patience.
Objective: Develop an understanding of proper hand pressure and control to produce a design incorporating a variety of ink lines and shapes Pen and ink designs require strict control to avoid splashes, spills and ink runs. This practice is designed to develop that skill. Supplies: drawing paper, quill pen, India ink and lots of patience.
Objective: Learn how to draw what you see, not what you think you see. Have you ever really looked at a tree? If so you will see that it looks nothing like the trees most people draw. The reason is that most of us rely on an internal mental library of symbols rather than realistic images. In this lesson you will go outside or use a photograph and draw a tree as it really is. Start small, concentrate on a single branch or section of the trunk. Supplies: pencil, paper, trees or tree photo
Objective: Learn to measure and cut paper evenly and fold with precision to create a small box with lid. Supplies: pencil, 2 sheets construction paper (one 12” x 12”, one 11.5” x 11.5”) Simple instructions on next slide
Box uses construction paper that is 11.5” x 11.5” Lid uses construction paper that is 12” x 12”
Objective: Learn to use an X Acto knife to make precise cuts and folds In this lesson you will create a design that can be cut and folded to create a “pop up” design. Supplies: pencil, construction paper (2 colors), X Acto knife
Dan DeProspero, Department Chair firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.tinyurl.com/deprospero