Presentation on theme: "Migration from Mexico to the USA"— Presentation transcript:
1 Migration from Mexico to the USA Why are Mexicans leaving their country? PUSH FACTORSWhy are they attracted to the USA? PULL FACTORSWhat effects does this migration have on USA?What effects does the migration have on Mexico?
2 In pairs…discussWhen you hear about migration from Mexico to USA what three things (anything acceptable) comes immediately into your mind?
3 Interesting Mexico –USA migration facts! Mexicans make up 29.5 % of all foreigners in the USA.The Philippines and India follow with about four percent each.(Source: March 2005 Supplement, CPS)Mexican immigrants account for about 20% of the legal immigrants living in the USA.Brain drain is occurring out of Mexico.e.g. An estimated 14,000 of the 19,000 Mexicans with doctorates live in the USA (International Organization for Migration)
4 Some visas are given for seasonal work Other border crossing cards are given to people living in Mexico who travel across the border for workAn estimated 6.2 million (or 56 percent) of all unauthorized migrants are from Mexico+visa overstayers+border crossing card violators+border invaders
15 Push factors – negative aspects of life in Mexico Pull factors – positive aspects of life in USA
16 Well paid jobs – GDP per capita $46,860 (7 in world) Adult literacy rates 99% - good education prospectsPoor medical facilities per doctorAdult literacy rates 55% - poor education prospectsLife expectancy 72 yrs40% UnemployedExcellent medical facilities per doctorLife expectancy 76 yrsLow paid jobs – GDP per capita $14,406 (60 in world)
17 Many jobs available for low paid workers such as Mexicans Poor farming conditionsShortage of foodBetter housingFamily linksUnhappy life – poor standard of livingNational average poverty level of 37%Bright lights
18 Push Factors – Reasons people leave Mexico (2010) Poor medical facilities per doctorLow paid jobs - GDP per capita $14,406Adult literacy rates 55% - poor education prospectsLife expectancy 72 yrs40% UnemployedUnhappy life – poor standard of livingShortage of foodPoor farming conditionsNational average poverty level of 37 percent
19 Pull Factors – Reasons Mexicans are attracted to the USA (2010) Excellent medical facilities per doctorWell paid jobs - GDP per capita $46,860Adult literacy rates 99% - good education prospectsLife expectancy 76 yrsMany jobs available for low paid workers such as MexicansBetter housingFamily linksBright lights
27 What are the impacts on the USA? Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisonsMexicans are seen as a drain on the USA economyMigrant workers keep wages low which affects AmericansThey cause problems in cities due cultural and racial issuesMexican migrants benefit the US economy by working for low wagesMexican culture has enriched the US border states with food, language and musicThe incidents of TB has been increasing greatly due to the increased migration
28 What are the impacts on Mexico? The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active peopleMany men emigrate leaving a majority of womenWomen may have trouble finding marriage partnersYoung people tend to migrate leaving the old and the very youngLegal and illegal immigrants together send some $6 billion a year back to MexicoCertain villages such as Santa Ines have lost 2/3 of its inhabitants
29 ODD ONE OUT?BRIGHT LIGHTSPOOR FARMINGILLITERACY