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Chapter 4 Financial Services: Savings Plans and Payment Account Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Financial Services: Savings Plans and Payment Account Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 4 Financial Services: Savings Plans and Payment Account Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.McGraw-Hill/Irwin

2 4-2 Savings and Payment Accounts Chapter Learning Objectives LO4.1Identify commonly used financial services LO4.2Compare the types of financial institutions LO4.3Assess various types of savings plans LO4.4Evaluate different types of payment methods

3 4-3 Learning Objective LO4.1 Identify Commonly Used Financial Services Meeting Daily Money Needs Common mistakes: –Overspending (impulse buying, using credit) –Insufficient liquid assets –Using savings or borrowing to pay for current expenses –Failing to put unneeded funds in an interest bearing or investment account

4 4-4 Learning Objective LO4.1 Identify Commonly Used Financial Services Meeting Daily Money Needs Sources of quick cash: –Liquidate savings Savings account CD Mutual fund –Borrow Credit card advance Personal loan Both options reduce net worth

5 4-5 Types of Financial Services Savings –Time deposits –Savings and certificates of deposit Payment services –Checking accounts = demand deposits –Automatic payments Borrowing for the short- or long-term Other financial services –Insurance, investment, real estate purchases, tax assistance, trusts, and financial planning

6 4-6 Types of Financial Services Asset management account –Also called a cash management account –Offered by investment companies and others to provide a complete line of financial services program, which include: Checking account and ATM card Credit card Online banking Line of credit for quick cash loans Access to a variety of investments

7 4-7 Online Banking Direct deposit – Paychecks and other regular income Automatic payments transfer funds – Recurring payments such as for utilities – Remember to deduct them from your register ATM access – Obtain cash, check account balances, and transfer funds – Check out the fees Debit card – Deducts money directly and immediately out of your account – Lost card liability $50-$500 Traditional banks  online services Web-only banks (E*Trade Bank) Services provided:

8 4-8 Mobile Banking Text banking Mobile web banking Banking apps

9 4-9 Online and Mobile Banking

10 4-10 Pros and Cons of Online Banking BenefitsConcerns Time and money savingsPotential privacy, security violations Convenience for transactions, comparing rates ATM fees can become costly No paper trail for identity thieves Difficulty depositing cash, checks Transfer access for loans, investments Overspending due to easy access E-mail notices of due datesOnline scams, “phishing,” and e-mail scams

11 4-11 Financial Services and Economic Conditions For successful financial planning, be aware of: Prime rate = rate banks charge large corporations Consumer interest rates Rising consumer prices Information sources:

12 4-12 Interest Rates & Financial Decisions

13 4-13 Learning Objective LO4.2 Compare the Types of Financial Institutions Basic questions to ask before choosing a financial institution 1. Where can I get the best return on my savings? 2. How can I minimize my costs for financial services? 3. Will I be able to borrow money if I need it?

14 4-14 Learning Objective LO4.2 Comparing Financial Institutions Determine the financial services you need before choosing a financial institution Compare fees and convenience Consider the safety and rates for deposits and loans at different institutions

15 4-15 Five Steps to Selecting a Financial Institution 1.List features most important to you 2.Rank the top 3-4 most important features 3.List local, national & online institutions 4.Conduct research: Talk with friends Online research Personal visit 5.Balance your needs with information collected

16 4-16 Financial Services Research Services offered Fees disclosure Minimum balance Savings rate sheet Sample loan application Sufficient deposit insurance

17 4-17 Types of Financial Institutions Deposit Institutions Commercial banks –Organized as corporations –Offer a full range of services including checking, savings, lending, and other services Savings and loan associations –Checking accounts, specialized savings plans, loans and financial planning and investment services

18 4-18 Deposit Institutions (continued) Mutual savings banks –Specialize in savings accounts and mortgage loans –Owned by their depositors, with profits going back to depositors by paying a higher rate on savings Credit unions –User-owned, nonprofit and provide comprehensive financial services –Lower fees and lower loan rates Types of Financial Institutions

19 4-19 Non-Deposit Institutions Life insurance companies –Insurance plus savings and investments –Some offer financial planning and investing services Investment companies –Mutual funds –Money market fund Combination savings and investment plan Not covered by FDIC Types of Financial Institutions

20 4-20 Non-deposit Institutions Brokerage firms –Act as agent for buyers and sellers of financial products Credit card companies –Specialize in short term loans Finance companies –Make short and medium term loans to consumers –Higher rates Mortgage companies –Provide home mortgage loans Types of Financial Institutions

21 4-21 Pawnshops –Loans on possessions –Higher fees; 3% per month common –Used for quick cash Check-cashing outlets –Charge 1-20 % of check’s face value –1-3% is average –AKA: Currency exchanges Problematic Financial Businesses

22 4-22 Payday loan companies –Cash advances –Check advance loans –Postdated check loans –Delayed deposit loans –High interest rates Rent-to-Own Centers –Lease merchandise at high interest rates to low-income customers Car Title Loans Problematic Financial Businesses

23 4-23 Learning Objective LO4.3 Comparing Savings Plans Regular savings accounts – Passbook savings – Statement accounts – Low minimum balance – Easy withdrawal – Insured – Low rate of return – Credit Union = share accounts

24 4-24 Learning Objective LO4.3 Comparing Savings Plans Certificates of deposit – Required minimum deposit – Required time on deposit – Penalties for early withdrawal – Take care when rolling over – Various CD types: Rising-rate or bump Stock-indexed Callable Promotional

25 4-25 Learning Objective LO4.3 Comparing Savings Plans Interest earning checking accounts – Checking accounts paying low interest Money market accounts and funds –Floating interest rate –Allows limited check writing –Higher minimum balance –Money market accounts are covered by the FDIC, but money market funds are not

26 4-26 Learning Objective LO4.3 Comparing Savings Plans U.S. Savings Bonds –Series EE “Patriot Bonds” Sold at half of face value Face values $50 - $5,000 Fixed-rate interest compounded semiannually Penalty if redeemed within 5 years Continues earning interest for 30 years Potential tax advantages if used to pay tuition

27 4-27 U.S. Savings Bonds –Series HH – no longer sold Current income bonds Pays interest every six months Interest direct deposited and taxed as current income –I bonds Earns a fixed rate plus an inflation rate Twice-a-year inflation adjustment –See for Learning Objective LO4.3 Comparing Savings Plans

28 4-28 Learning Objective LO4.3 Managing Electronic Savings Bonds Registration: –Single owner –Co-owners with a primary owner –With a beneficiary Treasury Direct –Establish an account at –24/7 access to buy manage and redeem electronic bonds

29 4-29 Learning Objective LO4.3 Savings Alternatives

30 4-30

31 4-31 Evaluating Savings Plans Rate of return or yield –Percentage increase in value due to interest – Frequency of compounding increases return

32 4-32 “Truth in Savings Act” Requires disclosure of : –Fees on deposit accounts –Interest rate –Annual percentage yield (APY) APY defined as the “total percent” Total percent is based on annual interest and frequency of compounding APY = Rate per period x # periods per year Evaluating Savings Plans

33 4-33 Inflation – Compare rate of return vs. inflation rate Taxes – Reduces interest earned on savings Liquidity – Quick availability of cash – Without significant loss in value

34 4-34 Evaluating Savings Plans Safety via FDIC and NCUA –FDIC insured up to $250,000 per person per financial institution –Up to $250,000 for certain retirement accounts – Restrictions and fees – Minimum balance – Fee for additional transactions

35 4-35 Learning Objective LO4.4 Comparing Payment Methods

36 4-36 P ayment Methods Electronic Payments Debit Card Transactions Immediate account debit Online Payments PayPal, MyCheckFree Stored-value Cards Prepaid cards for telephone, transit, tolls, etc. Smart Cards “Electronic wallets”

37 4-37 Credit vs. Debit Cards Use a Credit Card to… Delay payment Build a credit history Buy online Major purchases Earn rewards Use a debit card to … Limit spending to available funds Avoid future bills Avoid interest or annual fee Obtain better protection

38 4-38 Payment Methods Checking Accounts Regular Checking Accounts –Monthly service charge usual –Minimum balance Activity Accounts –Fee charged for each check written, and sometimes for deposits Interest-earning or share draft accounts (credit unions) –Require a minimum balance

39 4-39 Evaluating Checking and Payment Accounts Restrictions, such as a minimum balance Fees, which increase, and charges Interest rate and computation method Special services –Overdraft protection Beware of “package” deals that include unneeded services

40 4-40 Checking Account Selection Factors

41 4-41 Other Payment Methods Certified check –Personal check with guaranteed payment Cashier’s check –Check from a financial institution; you pay the face amount, plus a fee Money order –Purchase at financial institution, post office, store Traveler’s check –Sign each check twice –Electronic traveler’s checks - prepaid travel card with ability to get local currency at an ATM

42 4-42 Managing Your Checking Account Opening a Checking Account Individual vs. joint account Making Deposits 3 types of endorsements Blank endorsement –Signature only Restrictive endorsement –“For deposit only” Special endorsement –“Pay to the order of ”

43 4-43 Managing Your Checking Account Writing Checks 1.Record the date 2.Write the name of the person/organization receiving the check 3.Record the amount of the check in figures 4.Write the amount of check in words 5.Sign the check 6.Note the reason for the payment

44 4-44 Managing Your Checking Account Bank Reconciliation 1.Compare written checks with those reported paid Subtract the total of all checks written but not yet cleared 2.Determine deposits not on the statement; Add the amount to the statement balance 3.Subtract fees or charges and ATM withdrawals from the checkbook balance 4.Add any interest to your checkbook balance

45 4-45 Chapter Summary Learning Objective LO4.1 Financial products such as savings plans, checking accounts, loans, trust services, and electronic banking are used for managing daily financial activities

46 4-46 Chapter Summary Learning Objective LO4.2 Commercial banks, savings and loan associations, mutual savings banks, credit unions, life insurance companies, investment companies, finance companies, mortgage companies, pawn shops, and check-cashing outlets may be compared on the basis of: –Services offered –Rates and fees –Safety –Convenience –Special programs available to customers

47 4-47 Chapter Summary Learning Objective LO4.3 Commonly used savings plans include: Regular savings accounts Certificates of deposit Interest-earning checking accounts Money market accounts Money market funds U.S. savings bonds Evaluate savings plans on the basis of: Rate of return Inflation Tax considerations Liquidity Safety Restrictions Fees

48 4-48 Chapter Summary Learning Objective LO4.4 Debit cards, online payment systems, and stored-value cards are increasing in use for payment activities. Regular checking accounts, activity accounts, and interest-earning checking accounts can be compared with regard to: –Restrictions (such as a minimum balance) –Fees and charges –Interest –Special services

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