Presentation on theme: "3 Major Religions of SW Asia"— Presentation transcript:
1 3 Major Religions of SW Asia (The Middle East)SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia(Middle East).c. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.d. Explain the reason for the division between Sunni and Shia Muslims.
3 HistoryAll three religions of this region originated in Southwest AsiaJudaismChristianityIslamAll three religions are monotheisticMeaning you believe in only one godEach religion also has its own sacred text, or book, which stand at the center of their beliefs.
4 Brief History of Judaism Click here for the brief history of Judaism(Internet required)
5 Judaism- facts Judaism is the oldest of the three religions. 2000 BCE Sacred book: The TorahPart of the Hebrew Bible is made up of five books called the Torah which talk about Jewish laws and history
6 Judaism-factsCentral belief:one day a human leader will come as a messenger from God and restore the greatness of Israel. This leader is called the messiahAlso : Belief in one god, justice, righteousness, and law
7 Judaism- factsAlso central to the Jewish religion are the ideas of justice and righteousness in dealing with peoplePlace of Worship: SynagogueJewish Holidays: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Hanukkah and Passover
8 Abraham is considered the father of the Jewish people. Judaism- originAbraham is considered the father of the Jewish people.God came to Abraham and told him to leave his home in Ur (today’s Iraq) and move his family to Canaan (today’s Israel), which he promised to Abraham and his descendentsThis is why Jews believe that Israel is considered their “promise land”.Judaism originated in Israel
9 Judaism- originThe Hebrews (Jewish people) lived in Canaan for many years but eventually…The Hebrew people began to migrate to Egypt- probably because of a famine in the areaIn Egypt they were forced into slavery by the Pharaoh.The Hebrews were eventually freed from slavery by MosesThis was called the Exodus
10 Judaism- origins continued Moses ->Judaism- origins continuedThe Jewish people eventuallymade their way back to Canaan,but were forced off their land byinvaders. The scattering ofJews outside of Israel is knownas the Diaspora.The fight for Israel will continue for many years….. which we will come back to later!!!
11 A Brief History of Christianity Click here for the video (internet required)
12 Christianity- facts The Christian religion grew out Judaism. Holy book: The Bible—made up OLD & NEW Testaments—Gospels are parts of the life of JesusIt is made up of two parts the Old Testament (which is very similar to the Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament (stories of the life and teachings of Jesus and the early history of the Christian religion
13 Christianity- facts Place of worship: Church The central belief is: that Jesus is the messiah and died for the sins of man and will return one day to restore the greatness of Israel.
14 Christianity- origins Origin-1st Century CEJesus of Nazareth was born in Bethlehem and raised a Jewish boy.At the age of 30 he began to teach ideas that challenged the authority of political and religious leadersHe believed that the old laws should be replaced by a simpler system based on love of one’s fellow human beings
15 Christianity- origins The Jewish leaders fearing loss of power asked the Romans to arrest himJesus was crucified (nailed to a cross) by the Romans
16 Christianity- origin con. After his resurrection, Jesus stayed with his 12 disciples (or apostles) to teach them so they could continue what he had started.12 apostles spread Jesus’ word after he diedAs Christianity continued to spread and become popular the Roman leaders became worried. Christians were often arrested or killed for refusing to worship the gods of Rome; forcing many to practice the Christian religion in hiding.
17 Christianity- origin con. Though the religion was made illegal, it continued to grow and spreadEventually reaching members of the Roman Emperor himself- Constantine.313 C.E.- Going into battle he had his soldiers fight with the Christian symbol- they won the battle.Shortly after Constantine he removed bans against the practice of Christianity and formed a council of Christian leaders to help unify the religion
18 A Brief Introduction to Islam Click here for the video (Internet required)
19 Islam- Facts The Third religion to develop Origin: 622 CE Its holy book is called the: Qur’anPlace of Worship: Mosque
20 Islam FactsThe central belief Allah is their God and Muhammad is the prophet & founder!The Five Pillars – Five main beliefs1. Believe in only one God and Muhammad2. Pray in the direction of Mecca 5 times a day3. Give money to the poor4. Fast during the holy month of Ramadan5. Make a journey (Hajj) to Mecca (Saudi Arabia) at least once
22 Islam- origin Muhammad was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. At the age of 40 the angel Gabriel (a figure from the Hebrew Bible) appeared to Muhammad while he was praying in a caveThe angel gave him messages from Allah, which he began spreading the teaching of Islam throughout parts of the Middle East.
23 Islam BranchesThere are TWO branches of Islam:Sunni: 90% of the world Muslims, DO NOT believe you have to be related to Muhammad to be a supreme leaderShia: 10% of the world Muslim population, DO BELIEVE you have to be related to Muhammad to be a supreme leader (tend to be more strict)
24 The majority of people living in the Middle East (Southwest Asia) follow ISLAM.
25 Since all 3 major monotheistic religions originated in the Middle East…what are some problems that could arise because of this?