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FSMS 7 th Grade Social Studies; Unit 2 Introduction to Religions; Christianity Day 10 Georgia Standard SS7G8(c)

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Presentation on theme: "FSMS 7 th Grade Social Studies; Unit 2 Introduction to Religions; Christianity Day 10 Georgia Standard SS7G8(c)"— Presentation transcript:

1 FSMS 7 th Grade Social Studies; Unit 2 Introduction to Religions; Christianity Day 10 Georgia Standard SS7G8(c)

2 Agenda Message: Agenda Message: SWA Ethnic & Religious Groups Vocabulary Quiz is Friday September 12 th. SWA Snap-shot Projects are due Friday September 19 th. Standard: Standard: Describe the diverse cultures of the people of SWA. E.Q. for Monday 9/8/14: E.Q. for Monday 9/8/14: How are the Torah and the Holy Christian Bible similar? Warm Up for Monday 9/8/14: Warm Up for Monday 9/8/14: What are the major difference between Judaism & Christianity regarding the Messiah? TODAY WE WILL: 1. History of Christianity 2. Complete fill-out of SWA Religions Beliefs & Customs Worksheet

3 Essential Question Answer for Monday September 8 th : The Torah and the Old Testament of the Holy Christian Bible are essentially the same because Christianity grew out of Judaism. Warm-Up Answer: Jews and Christians both believe in the Messiah (the savior of man sent from God). Jews do not believe the Messiah has come. Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah. Jews believe that Jesus was a Prophet (a messenger sent by God). Jews are still waiting for the Messiah to come.

4 Standard SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East). (c) Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

5 Introduction Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have their origins in the lands that make up the countries of Southwest Asia. Though these three religions have much in common, historically there has been a great deal of religious conflict in this part of the world. All of the other countries in the religion are mostly Muslim, although most also have a Christian minority. There are further divisions within all three religions. Most are divided into a number of sects or groups.

6 Christianity/History Christianity is a religious movement that grew out of Judaism during the time of Roman rule in Palestine. The founding figure in Christianity is Jesus, a man who was born in Bethlehem in Judea to a Jewish family. Tradition holds that he lived a modest life In Nazareth as a carpenter until he began to attract attention as a teacher and preacher when he reached approximately thirty years old. While he followed Jewish law and belief, he spoke of a more personal relationship with God, focusing on both the love of God and the generous treatment of neighbors and acquaintances.

7 Christianity/History cont. He had a number of followers who became known as his disciples, and their writings provide much of what is known about the life and teachings of Jesus. The first four books of the New Testament are made up of these writings. They are known as the Gospels. Many among both Romans and the Jewish leaders worried about the attention Jesus attracted among the common people. Some of his followers went so far as to claim that he was the long awaited Messiah, or “savior of man.”

8 Christianity/History cont. Jewish leaders claimed Jesus encouraged such beliefs and was therefore guilty of crimes against Jewish teachings. The Roman ruler, Pontius Pilate, saw him as a threat to his authority and that of the Roman Empire. As a result Jesus was sentenced to death by crucifixion. After his death, his followers believed that he was able to rise from the dead and walk among them again before going to heaven. They continued to call him the Messiah or the Greek term “Christos” which was shortened to Christ.

9 Christianity/History cont. Word of Jesus’ rising from the dead began to spread quickly, and along with his teachings became the basis for a new religion called Christianity. His followers emphasized this new religion’s willingness to accept all that were willing to believe, not just the Jews. They angered the Romans, as they refused to worship Roman gods and goddesses. As a result many of the early Christians were put to death by the Roman authorities.

10 Christianity/History cont. In spite of Roman persecution the religion continued to have growing appeal among many who did not like Roman rule and who wanted a religion that emphasized both Old Testament teachings and the loving forgiving God described by Jesus. By the year 300 A.D., Christianity had spread to most parts of the Roman world. In 313 A.D., the Roman Emperor Constantine officially ended the harsh treatment of Christians and made Christianity a religion approved by the Roman Empire.

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