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April 9.  Present  Past  Future  Present Perfect  Past Perfect  Future Perfect.

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Presentation on theme: "April 9.  Present  Past  Future  Present Perfect  Past Perfect  Future Perfect."— Presentation transcript:

1 April 9

2  Present  Past  Future  Present Perfect  Past Perfect  Future Perfect

3  Taking place in the present ◦ She reads a story to me.  Repeated Actions ◦ We play tennis every Tuesday.  Facts ◦ Windows are made of glass.  Set by schedule ◦ The train leaves at 6pm  Things happening in a sequence ◦ First you wet you hands, then you put soap on them, rinse and dry.

4  Active ◦ [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]  Once a week Tom cleans the car.  The professor teaches the students.  Passive ◦ [Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]  Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom.  The students are taught by the professor.

5  Listen and fill in the blanks with the present form of the verbs you hear

6  Structure ◦ Verb+ed OR irregular verb (link on wiki)  Completed Action in the Past ◦ I saw a movie yesterday.  Series of Completed Actions ◦ I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice play to swim.

7  Duration in the Past ◦ I lived in Brazil for two years.  Habits in the Past ◦ I studied French when I was a child.  Past facts or Generalizations ◦ She was shy as a child, but now she is outgoing.

8  Active ◦ Tom repaired the car. ◦ I washed the dishes after breakfast.  Passive ◦ The car was repaired by Tom. ◦ The dishes were washed by me after breakfast.

9  Change the verbs to the past tense

10  Structure ◦ [will + verb] OR [am/is/are + going to + verb]  You will help him later.  You are going to meet Jane tonight.  WILL – Voluntary action ◦ I will send you the information when I get it.  WILL – Express a Promise ◦ I will call you when I arrive.

11  “Be going to” – Express Plan ◦ He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.  WILL or “Be going to” – Prediction ◦ The year 2222 will be an interesting year. ◦ The year 2222 is going to be an interesting year.

12  John will finish the work by 5:00.  The work will be finished by John by 5:00.  Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.  A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.  Which is which? – How do you know?

13 1. Ted: It is so hot in here! Sarah: I (turn) ___________________ the air- conditioning on. 2. I think he (be) ___________________ the next President of the United States. 3. After I graduate, I (attend) ___________________ medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life.

14 4. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter (help) ___________________ you. 5. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) ___________________ down to the beach and go swimming.

15  Structure ◦ [has/have + past participle]  Experience ◦ I have taught in Mexico.  Change over Time ◦ The government has become

16  Accomplishments ◦ Our son has learned how to read.  An Uncompleted Action you are Expecting ◦ You haven’t mastered English, but you can communicate.  Multiple Actions at Different Times ◦ I have had four quizzes and five tests so far this year.  From the Past Until Now ◦ She has been in England for 6 months.

17 1. She (not / see) him for a long time. 1. (be / you) at school? 1. School (not / start) yet 2. (speak / he) to his boss? 1. No, he (have / not) the time yet.

18 1. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars?" B: I don't know. I (see, never) ___________________ that movie. 2. Sam (arrive) ___________________ in San Diego a week ago. 3. My best friend and I (know) ___________________ each other for over fifteen years. We still get together once a week.

19  4. Stinson is a fantastic writer. He (write) ___________________ ten very creative short stories in the last year. One day, he'll be as famous as Hemingway.   5. I (have, not) ___________________ this much fun since I (be) ___________________ a kid.   6. Things (change) ___________________ a great deal at Coltech, Inc. When we first (start) ___________________ working here three years ago, the company (have, only) ___________________ six employees. Since then, we (expand) ___________________ to include more than 2000 full-time workers.

20  Structure ◦ [had + past participle]  Completed action before another action in the past ◦ I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Hawaii.  Started in the past and continued until another action in the past ◦ We had had that car for ten years until it broke down.

21 I can't believe I (get) _____ that apartment. I (submit) _____ my application last week, but I didn't think I had a chance of actually getting it. When I (show) _____ up to take a look around, there were at least twenty other people who (arrive) _____ before me. Most of them (fill, already) _____ out their applications and were already leaving. The landlord said I could still apply, so I did.

22  Structure ◦ will have + past participle  You will have perfected your English by the time you come back from the USA. ◦ am/is/are + going to have + past participle  You are going to have perfected your English before you come back from the USA.  Both structures mean almost exactly the same thing

23  Completed action before another action in the future ◦ By next November, I will have received my promotion.  Continued action before another action in the future ◦ I will have been in London six months by the time I leave.

24  Anne ____ (repair) her bike next week.  We ____ (do) the washing by 8:00.  She ____ (visit) Paris by the end of next year.  I ____ (finish) this by 6:00.  Sam ____ (leave) by next week.  She ____ (discuss) this with her mother after tonight.

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